College of Agricultural Sciences Personnel Profile
Personnel Photo of Gary C Smith
Gary C Smith
Univ Distinguished Professor
Animal Sciences
College of Agricultural Sciences

Animal Sciences Building, Room
Phone:
000-000-0000
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    Yang, Xiang, Woerner, Dale Ray, McCullough, Kathryn Rose, Hasty, Joshua Dillon, Geornaras, Gina, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, (2016) An evaluation of the effectiveness of FreshCase technology to extend the storage life of whole-muscle pork and ground pork sausage. Journal of Animal Science 94 11 4921-4929

    Moschonas, G, Geornaras, Gina, Stopforth, J D, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2015) Effect of Product Dimensions and Surface Browning Method on Salmonella Contamination in Frozen, Surface-Browned, Breaded Chicken Products Treated with Antimicrobials. Journal of food science 80 12 M2815-21

    Simpson Beauchamp, Catherine, Dourou, Dimitra, Geornaras, Gina, Yoon, Yohan, Scanga, John A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Nychas, George-John E, Sofos, John N, (2012) Sanitizer efficacy against Escherichia coli O157: H7 biofilms on inadequately cleaned meat-contact surface materials Food Protection Trends 32 4 173–182

    Geornaras, Gina, Yang, Hua, Moschonas, G, Nunnelly, M C, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, Woerner, Dale Ray, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Efficacy of chemical interventions against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and multidrug-resistant and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella on inoculated beef trimmings. Journal of food protection 75 11 1960-7

    Fouladkhah, A, Geornaras, Gina, Yang, Hua, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, Woerner, Dale Ray, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Sensitivity of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, multidrug-resistant Salmonella, and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella to lactic acid on inoculated beef trimmings. Journal of food protection 75 10 1751-8

    Geornaras, Gina, Yang, Hua, Manios, S, Andritsos, N, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, Woerner, Dale Ray, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Comparison of decontamination efficacy of antimicrobial treatments for beef trimmings against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and 6 non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli serogroups. Journal of food science 77 9 M539-44

    Moschonas, G, Geornaras, Gina, Stopforth, J D, Wach, D, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Activity of caprylic acid, carvacrol, ε-polylysine and their combinations against Salmonella in not-ready-to-eat surface-browned, frozen, breaded chicken products. Journal of food science 77 7 M405-11

    Moschonas, G, Geornaras, Gina, Stopforth, J D, Wach, D, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Antimicrobials for reduction of Salmonella contamination in uncooked, surface-browned breaded chicken products. Journal of food protection 75 6 1023-8

    Simpson Beauchamp, C, Dourou, D, Geornaras, Gina, Yoon, Y, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Nychas, G J, Sofos, John N, (2012) Transfer, attachment, and formation of biofilms by Escherichia coli O157:H7 on meat-contact surface materials. Journal of food science 77 6 M343-7

    Adler, J M, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated at different depths of non-intact blade-tenderized beef steaks. Journal of food science 77 2 M108-14

    Yoon, Yohan, Mukherjee, Avik, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, John A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2011) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157: H7 during cooking of non-intact beef treated with tenderization/marination and flavoring ingredients Food Control 22 12 1859–1864

    Chen, Jiawei, Carlson, B A, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, (2011) High-throughput small molecule screening reveals structurally diverse compounds that inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vitro. Journal of food protection 74 12 2148-56

    Dourou, D, Beauchamp, C S, Yoon, Y, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Nychas, G J, Sofos, John N, (2011) Attachment and biofilm formation by Escherichia coli O157:H7 at different temperatures, on various food-contact surfaces encountered in beef processing. International journal of food microbiology 149 3 262-8

    Adler, J M, Geornaras, Gina, Byelashov, O A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2011) Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in meat product brines containing antimicrobials. Journal of food science 76 7 M478-85

    Yoon, Y, Geornaras, Gina, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Kendall, Patricia A, Sofos, John N, (2011) Probabilistic models for the prediction of target growth interfaces of Listeria monocytogenes on ham and turkey breast products. Journal of food science 76 6 M450-5

    Gruber, S L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Engle, Terry E, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Enns, Mark Mark, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2011) Effects of genetic markers and implant strategy on longissimus and gluteus muscle tenderness of calf-fed steers and heifers. Journal of animal science 89 5 1401-11

    Shen, C, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2011) Thermal inactivation of acid, cold, heat, starvation, and desiccation stress-adapted Escherichia coli O157:H7 in moisture-enhanced nonintact beef. Journal of food protection 74 4 531-8

    Shen, C, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2011) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in moisture-enhanced nonintact beef by pan-broiling or roasting with various cooking appliances set at different temperatures. Journal of food science 76 1 M64-71

    Yang, Hua, Byelashov, O A, Geornaras, Gina, Goodridge, Lawrence, Nightingale, K K, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Characterization and transferability of class 1 integrons in commensal bacteria isolated from farm and nonfarm environments. Foodborne pathogens and disease 7 12 1441-51

    Yang, Hua, Byelashov, O A, Geornaras, Gina, Goodridge, Lawrence, Nightingale, K K, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Presence of antibiotic-resistant commensal bacteria in samples from agricultural, city, and national park environments evaluated by standard culture and real-time PCR methods. Canadian journal of microbiology 56 9 761-70

    Byelashov, O A, Daskalov, H, Geornaras, Gina, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Reduction of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters treated with lactic acid solutions of various temperatures. Food microbiology 27 6 783-90

    Moore, C B, Bass, P D, Green, M D, Chapman, Phillip Lee, O'Connor, M E, Yates, L D, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2010) Establishing an appropriate mode of comparison for measuring the performance of marbling score output from video image analysis beef carcass grading systems. Journal of animal science 88 7 2464-75

    Byelashov, O A, Adler, J M, Geornaras, Gina, Ko, K Y, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Evaluation of brining ingredients and antimicrobials for effects on thermal destruction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a meat model system. Journal of food science 75 4 M209-17

    Shen, C, Adler, J M, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in nonintact beefsteaks of different thicknesses cooked by pan broiling, double pan broiling, or roasting by using five types of cooking appliances. Journal of food protection 73 3 461-9

    Gruber, S L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Engle, Terry E, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2010) Relationships of behavioral and physiological symptoms of preslaughter stress to beef longissimus muscle tenderness. Journal of animal science 88 3 1148-59

    Simpson Beauchamp, C, Byelashov, O A, Geornaras, Gina, Kendall, Patricia A, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Fate of Listeria monocytogenes during freezing, thawing and home storage of frankfurters. Food microbiology 27 1 144-9

    Bass, P D, Engle, Terry E, Belk, Keith, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Archibeque, Shawn, Smith, Gary C, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, (2010) Effects of sex and short-term magnesium supplementation on stress responses and longissimus muscle quality characteristics of crossbred cattle. Journal of animal science 88 1 349-60

    Bass, P D, Scanga, J A, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2009) Associations between portion size acceptability of beef cuts and ribeye area of beef carcasses. Journal of animal science 87 9 2935-42

    Carlson, B A, Nightingale, K K, Mason, Gary L, Ruby, J R, Choat, W T, Loneragan, G H, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, (2009) Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains that persist in feedlot cattle are genetically related and demonstrate an enhanced ability to adhere to intestinal epithelial cells. Applied and environmental microbiology 75 18 5927-37

    Yoon, Y, Mukherjee, A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2009) Effect of tenderizers combined with organic acids on Escherichia coli O157:H7 thermal resistance in non-intact beef. International journal of food microbiology 133 1-2 78-85

    Vote, D J, Bowling, M B, Cunha, B C, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Montossi, F, Smith, Gary C, (2009) Video image analysis as a potential grading system for Uruguayan beef carcasses. Journal of animal science 87 7 2376-90

    Murphy, R G, Scanga, J A, Powers, Barb E, Pilon, J L, Vercauteren, K C, Nash, P B, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2009) Alkaline hydrolysis of mouse-adapted scrapie for inactivation and disposal of prion-positive material. Journal of animal science 87 5 1787-93

    Bowling, M B, Vote, D J, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2009) Using reflectance spectroscopy to predict beef tenderness. Meat science 82 1 1-5

    Mukherjee, A, Yoon, Y, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2009) Effect of meat binding formulations on thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 internalized in beef. Journal of food science 74 2 M94-9

    Yoon, Y, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2009) Modeling the growth/no-growth boundaries of postprocessing Listeria monocytogenes contamination on frankfurters and bologna treated with lactic acid. Applied and environmental microbiology 75 2 353-8

    Garcia, L G, Nicholson, K L, Hoffman, Travis, Lawrence, T E, Hale, D S, Griffin, D B, Savell, J W, Vanoverbeke, D L, Morgan, Jeri, Belk, Keith, Field, T G, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2008) National Beef Quality Audit-2005: survey of targeted cattle and carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, and value of fed steers and heifers. Journal of animal science 86 12 3533-43

    Carlson, B A, Ruby, J, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, Bellinger, G R, Warren-Serna, W, Centrella, B, Bowling, R A, Belk, Keith, (2008) Comparison of antimicrobial efficacy of multiple beef hide decontamination strategies to reduce levels of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella. Journal of food protection 71 11 2223-7

    Dewell, G A, Simpson, C A, Dewell, R D, Hyatt, Doreene R, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Morley, Paul S, Grandin, Temple, Smith, Gary C, Dargatz, D A, Wagner, B A, Salman, Mo D, (2008) Risk associated with transportation and lairage on hide contamination with Salmonella enterica in finished beef cattle at slaughter. Journal of food protection 71 11 2228-32

    Smith, Gary C, Pendell, Dustin L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, (2008) Post-slaughter traceability. Meat science 80 1 66-74

    Bass, P D, Scanga, J A, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Smith, Gary C, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, (2008) Recovering value from beef carcasses classified as dark cutters by United States Department of Agriculture graders. Journal of animal science 86 7 1658-68

    Carlson, B A, Geornaras, Gina, Yoon, Y, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2008) Studies to evaluate chemicals and conditions with low-pressure applications for reducing microbial counts on cattle hides. Journal of food protection 71 7 1343-8

    Mukherjee, A, Yoon, Y, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2008) Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef treated with marination and tenderization ingredients. Journal of food protection 71 7 1349-56

    Dewell, G A, Simpson, C A, Dewell, R D, Hyatt, Doreene R, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Morley, Paul S, Grandin, Temple, Smith, Gary C, Dargatz, D A, Wagner, B A, Salman, Mo D, (2008) Impact of transportation and lairage on hide contamination with Escherichia coli O157 in finished beef cattle. Journal of food protection 71 6 1114-8

    Dewell, R D, Hoffman, Travis, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Whalen, Lawrence Ray, Fails, Anna Dee, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Salman, Mo D, (2008) Estimated compliance for removal of specified risk materials from 18 U.S. beef packing plants. Journal of food protection 71 3 573-7

    Bowling, M B, Yemm, R S, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, Scanga, J A, (2008) An evaluation of central nervous system cross-contamination due to carcass splitting in commercial beef-packing plants. Journal of food protection 71 1 83-92

    Skandamis, P N, Stopforth, J D, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2007) Modeling the effect of inoculum size and acid adaptation on growth/no growth interface of Escherichia coli O157:H7. International journal of food microbiology 120 3 237-49

    Geornaras, Gina, Yoon, Y, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2007) Antimicrobial activity of epsilon-polylysine against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes in various food extracts. Journal of food science 72 8 M330-4

    Heller, C E, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Warren-Serna, W, Bellinger, G R, Bacon, R T, Rossman, M L, Smith, Gary C, (2007) Decontamination of beef subprimal cuts intended for blade tenderization or moisture enhancement. Journal of food protection 70 5 1174-80

    Lianou, A, Geornaras, Gina, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2007) Fate of Listeria monocytogenes in commercial ham, formulated with or without antimicrobials, under conditions simulating contamination in the processing or retail environment and during home storage. Journal of food protection 70 2 378-85

    Bowling, M B, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, Goodridge, Lawrence, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2007) Central nervous system tissue in meat products: an evaluation of risk, prevention strategies, and testing procedures. Advances in food and nutrition research 53 39-64

    Formato, G, Geornaras, Gina, Barmpalia, I M, Skandamis, P N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2007) Effect of acid adaptation on growth during storage at 10 degrees C and resistance to simulated gastric fluid of Listeria monocytogenes inoculated onto bologna formulated with or without antimicrobials. Journal of food protection 70 1 65-9

    Woerner, Dale Ray, Ransom, J R, Sofos, John N, Dewell, G A, Smith, Gary C, Salman, Mo D, Belk, Keith, (2006) Determining the prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle and beef from the feedlot to the cooler. Journal of food protection 69 12 2824-7

    Gruber, S L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Scanga, J A, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2006) Effects of postmortem aging and USDA quality grade on Warner-Bratzler shear force values of seventeen individual beef muscles. Journal of animal science 84 12 3387-96

    Geornaras, Gina, Skandamis, P N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2006) Post-processing application of chemical solutions for control of Listeria monocytogenes, cultured under different conditions, on commercial smoked sausage formulated with and without potassium lactate-sodium diacetate. Food microbiology 23 8 762-71

    Reddy, M C, Hossner, Kim L, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Yemm, R S, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, (2006) Detection of central nervous system tissue on meat and carcass-splitting band saw blade surfaces using modified fluorescent glial fibrillary acidic protein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay sampling and extraction procedures. Journal of food protection 69 8 1966-70

    Choat, W T, Paterson, J A, Rainey, B M, King, M C, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, Lipsey, R J, (2006) The effects of cattle sex on carcass characteristics and longissimus muscle palatability. Journal of animal science 84 7 1820-6

    Ashton, Laura Vari, Geornaras, Gina, Stopforth, J D, Skandamis, P N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2006) Fate of inoculated Escherichia coli O157:H7, cultured under different conditions, on fresh and decontaminated beef transitioned from vacuum to aerobic packaging. Journal of food protection 69 6 1273-9

    Childs, K D, Simpson, C A, Warren-Serna, W, Bellenger, G, Centrella, B, Bowling, R A, Ruby, J, Stefanek, J, Vote, D J, Choat, T, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2006) Molecular characterization of Escherichia coli O157:H7 hide contamination routes: feedlot to harvest. Journal of food protection 69 6 1240-7

    Hossner, Kim L, Yemm, R S, Sonnenshein, S E, Mason, Gary L, Cummings, Bruce A, Reddy, M C, Sofos, John N, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2006) Comparison of immunochemical (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and immunohistochemical methods for the detection of central nervous system tissue in meat products. Journal of food protection 69 3 644-50

    Stopforth, J D, Skandamis, P N, Ashton, Laura Vari, Geornaras, Gina, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2006) Impact of inoculum preparation and storage conditions on the response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 populations to undercooking and simulated exposure to gastric fluid. Applied and environmental microbiology 72 1 672-9

    Geornaras, Gina, Skandamis, P N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2006) Post process control of Listeria monocytogenes on commercial frankfurters formulated with and without antimicrobials and stored at 10 degrees C. Journal of food protection 69 1 53-61

    Barmpalia, Ioanna M, Koutsoumanis, Kostantinos P, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, John A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2005) Effect of antimicrobials as ingredients of pork bologna for Listeria monocytogenes control during storage at 4 or 10°C Food Microbiology 22 2 205–211

    Wright, L I, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Engle, Terry E, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Person, R C, McKenna, D R, Griffin, D B, McKeith, F K, Savell, J W, Smith, Gary C, (2005) Benchmarking value in the pork supply chain: Characterization of US pork in the retail marketplace. Meat science 71 3 451-63

    Smith, Gary C, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Grandin, Temple, Sofos, John N, (2005) Traceability from a US perspective. Meat science 71 1 174-93

    Person, R C, McKenna, D R, Ellebracht, J W, Griffin, D B, McKeith, F K, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Savell, J W, (2005) Benchmarking value in the pork supply chain: Processing and consumer characteristics of hams manufactured from different quality raw materials. Meat science 70 1 91-7

    Person, R C, McKenna, D R, Griffin, D B, McKeith, F K, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Savell, J W, (2005) Benchmarking value in the pork supply chain: Processing characteristics and consumer evaluations of pork bellies of different thicknesses when manufactured into bacon. Meat science 70 1 121-31

    Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2005) Postprocessing antimicrobial treatments to control Listeria monocytogenes in commercial vacuum-packaged bologna and ham stored at 10 degrees C. Journal of food protection 68 5 991-8

    Platter, W J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Koontz, Stephen R, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Smith, Gary C, (2005) Effects of marbling and shear force on consumers' willingness to pay for beef strip loin steaks. Journal of animal science 83 4 890-9

    Dewell, G A, Ransom, J R, Dewell, R D, McCurdy, K, Gardner, I A, Hill, A E, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Salman, Mo D, (2005) Prevalence of and risk factors for Escherichia coli O157 in market-ready beef cattle from 12 U.S. feedlots. Foodborne pathogens and disease 2 1 70-6

    Koutsoumanis, K P, Ashton, Laura Vari, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2004) Effect of single or sequential hot water and lactic acid decontamination treatments on the survival and growth of listeria monocytogenes and spoilage microflora during aerobic storage of fresh beef at 4, 10, and 25 degrees C. Journal of food protection 67 12 2703-11

    Barmpalia, I M, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2004) Control of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters with antimicrobials in the formulation and by dipping in organic acid solutions. Journal of food protection 67 11 2456-64

    Stopforth, J D, Yoon, Y, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2004) Effect of simulated spray chilling with chemical solutions on acid-habituated and non-acid-habituated Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells attached to beef carcass tissue. Journal of food protection 67 10 2099-106

    Cunha, B C, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Levalley, Steve Byron, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2004) Development and validation of equations utilizing lamb vision system output to predict lamb carcass fabrication yields. Journal of animal science 82 7 2069-76

    Platter, W J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Relationships of consumer sensory ratings, marbling score, and shear force value to consumer acceptance of beef strip loin steaks. Journal of animal science 81 11 2741-50

    Steiner, R, Wyle, A M, Vote, D J, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Wise, J W, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Real-time augmentation of USDA yield grade application to beef carcasses using video image analysis. Journal of animal science 81 9 2239-46

    Steiner, R, Vote, D J, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Wise, J W, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Accuracy and repeatability of beef carcass longissimus muscle area measurements. Journal of animal science 81 8 1980-8

    Roeber, D L, Belk, Keith, Engle, Terry E, Field, T G, Koontz, Stephen R, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Mason, Gary L, Van Metre, David C, Garry, Franklyn B, Smith, Gary C, (2003) The effect of vitamin E supplementation on discoloration of injection-site lesions in retail cuts and the greening reaction observed in injection-site lesions in muscles of the chuck. Journal of animal science 81 8 1885-94

    Bacon, R T, Ransom, J R, Sofos, John N, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Thermal inactivation of susceptible and multiantimicrobial-resistant salmonella strains grown in the absence or presence of glucose. Applied and environmental microbiology 69 7 4123-8

    Brady, A S, Belk, Keith, Levalley, Steve Byron, Dalsted, Norman L, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2003) An evaluation of the lamb vision system as a predictor of lamb carcass red meat yield percentage. Journal of animal science 81 6 1488-98

    Bacon, R T, Sofos, John N, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Comparative analysis of acid resistance between susceptible and multi-antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella strains cultured under stationary-phase acid tolerance-inducing and noninducing conditions. Journal of food protection 66 5 732-40

    McClure, E K, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Evaluation of the E+V video image analysis system as a predictor of pork carcass meat yield. Journal of animal science 81 5 1193-201

    Platter, W J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Effects of repetitive use of hormonal implants on beef carcass quality, tenderness, and consumer ratings of beef palatability. Journal of animal science 81 4 984-96

    Wyle, A M, Vote, D J, Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Goldberg, M, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Effectiveness of the SmartMV prototype BeefCam System to sort beef carcasses into expected palatability groups. Journal of animal science 81 2 441-8

    Vote, D J, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Online prediction of beef tenderness using a computer vision system equipped with a BeefCam module. Journal of animal science 81 2 457-65

    McKenna, D R, Roebert, D L, Bates, P K, Schmidt, T B, Hale, D S, Griffin, D B, Savell, J W, Brooks, J C, Morgan, Jeri, Montgomery, Tai, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2002) National Beef Quality Audit-2000: survey of targeted cattle and carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, and value of fed steers and heifers. Journal of animal science 80 5 1212-22

    Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Wise, J W, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Online evaluation of a commercial video image analysis system (Computer Vision System) to predict beef carcass red meat yield and for augmenting the assignment of USDA yield grades. United States Department of Agriculture. Journal of animal science 80 5 1195-201

    Ransom, J R, Belk, Keith, Bacon, R T, Sofos, John N, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Comparison of sampling methods for microbiological testing of beef animal rectal/colonal feces, hides, and carcasses. Journal of food protection 65 4 621-6

    Grona, A D, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Williams, F L, (2002) An evaluation of the USDA standards for feeder cattle frame size and muscle thickness. Journal of animal science 80 3 560-7

    Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Wailes, William R, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Cowman, G L, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Frequencies of injection-site lesions in muscles from rounds of dairy and beef cow carcasses. Journal of dairy science 85 3 532-6

    Samelis, J, Bedie, G K, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Control of Listeria monocytogenes with combined antimicrobials after postprocess contamination and extended storage of frankfurters at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages. Journal of food protection 65 2 299-307

    Bacon, R T, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Hyatt, Doreene R, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella isolated from beef animal hides and carcasses. Journal of food protection 65 2 284-90

    Bedie, G K, Samelis, J, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Antimicrobials in the formulation to control Listeria monocytogenes postprocessing contamination on frankfurters stored at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages. Journal of food protection 64 12 1949-55

    Samelis, J, Sofos, John N, Kain, M L, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Organic acids and their salts as dipping solutions to control listeria monocytogenes inoculated following processing of sliced pork bologna stored at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages. Journal of food protection 64 11 1722-9

    Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Cowman, G L, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Incidence of injection-site lesions in beef top sirloin butts. Journal of animal science 79 10 2615-8

    Roeber, D L, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Wilson, J W, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Effects of three levels of alpha-tocopheryl acetate supplementation to feedlot cattle on performance of beef cuts during retail display. Journal of animal science 79 7 1814-20

    Vonada, M L, Bidner, B S, Belk, Keith, McKeith, F K, Lloyd, W R, O'Connor, M E, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Factors influencing consumer demand for U.S. pork exported to the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Journal of animal science 79 4 907-11

    Duffy, E A, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Levalley, Steve Byron, Kain, M L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, Kimberling, Cleon V, (2001) Microbial contamination occurring on lamb carcasses processed in the United States. Journal of food protection 64 4 503-8

    Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Supranutritional oral supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium and the effects on beef tenderness. Journal of animal science 79 4 912-8

    Belk, Keith, George, M H, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Hilton, G G, Miller, R K, Koohmaraie, M, Reagan, J O, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Evaluation of the Tendertec beef grading instrument to predict the tenderness of steaks from beef carcasses. Journal of animal science 79 3 688-97

    Roeber, D L, Mies, P D, Smith, C D, Belk, Keith, Field, T G, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2001) National market cow and bull beef quality audit-1999: a survey of producer-related defects in market cows and bulls. Journal of animal science 79 3 658-65

    Duffy, E A, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Bellinger, G R, Pape, A, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Extent of microbial contamination in United States pork retail products. Journal of food protection 64 2 172-8

    Scanga, J A, Grona, A D, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Bellinger, G R, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Microbiological contamination of raw beef trimmings and ground beef. Meat science 56 2 145-52

    Vonada, M L, Bidner, B S, Belk, Keith, McKeith, F K, Lloyd, W R, O'Connor, M E, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Quantification of pork belly and boston butt quality attribute preferences of South Korean customers. Journal of animal science 78 10 2608-14

    Bacon, R T, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Clayton, R P, Reagan, J O, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Microbial populations on animal hides and beef carcasses at different stages of slaughter in plants employing multiple-sequential interventions for decontamination. Journal of food protection 63 8 1080-6

    Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Miller, R K, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Implant strategies during feeding: impact on carcass grades and consumer acceptability. Journal of animal science 78 7 1867-74

    Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Effects of a unique application of electrical stimulation on tenderness, color, and quality attributes of the beef longissimus muscle. Journal of animal science 78 6 1504-9

    Vote, D J, Platter, W J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Schmidt, Glenn R, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Speer, N C, (2000) Injection of beef strip loins with solutions containing sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium lactate, and sodium chloride to enhance palatability. Journal of animal science 78 4 952-7

    Ware, L M, Kain, M L, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Comparison of sponging and excising as sampling procedures for microbiological analysis of fresh beef-carcass tissue. Journal of food protection 62 11 1255-9

    Cannell, R C, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Wise, J W, Clayton, R P, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Dual-component video image analysis system (VIASCAN) as a predictor of beef carcass red meat yield percentage and for augmenting application of USDA yield grades. Journal of animal science 77 11 2942-50

    Zerby, H N, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, McDowell, L R, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Case life of seven retail products from beef cattle supplemented with alpha-tocopheryl acetate. Journal of animal science 77 9 2458-63

    Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, George, M H, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Identification of quality management practices to reduce the incidence of retail beef tenderness problems: development and evaluation of a prototype quality system to produce tender beef. Journal of animal science 77 8 2112-8

    George, M H, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (1999) An audit of retail beef loin steak tenderness conducted in eight U.S. cities. Journal of animal science 77 7 1735-41

    Zerby, H N, Belk, Keith, Ahola, Jason Kee, Sofos, John N, Schaefer, D M, Morgan, Jeri, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Effects of muscle α-tocopherol level and surface microbiological contamination on retail caselife of fresh beef from the US, Japan and Australia. Meat science 52 1 111-8

    Hilton, G G, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Williams, S E, Belk, Keith, Williams, F L, Wise, J W, Smith, Gary C, (1998) An evaluation of current and alternative systems for quality grading carcasses of mature slaughter cows. Journal of animal science 76 8 2094-103

    Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Grandin, Temple, Smith, Gary C, (1998) Factors contributing to the incidence of dark cutting beef. Journal of animal science 76 8 2040-7

    Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Wise, J W, Smith, Gary C, (1998) Simulated instrument augmentation of USDA yield grade application to beef carcasses. Journal of animal science 76 2 522-7

    Schnell, T D, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Miller, R K, Smith, Gary C, (1997) Performance, carcass, and palatability traits for cull cows fed high-energy concentrate diets for 0, 14, 28, 42, or 56 days. Journal of animal science 75 5 1195-202

    Reeves, Mathew J, Salman, Mo D, Smith, Gary C, (1996) Repeatability of equine health and management information obtained via a telephone questionnaire Preventive Veterinary Medicine 26 3 347–351

    Reeves, Mathew J, Salman, Mo D, Smith, Gary C, (1996) Risk factors for equine acute abdominal disease (colic): results from a multi-center case-control study Preventive Veterinary Medicine 26 3 285–301

    Lorenzen, C L, Hale, D S, Griffin, D B, Savell, J W, Belk, Keith, Frederick, T L, Miller, M F, Montgomery, Tai, Smith, Gary C, (1993) National Beef Quality Audit: survey of producer-related defects and carcass quality and quantity attributes. Journal of animal science 71 6 1495-502

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