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College of Agricultural Sciences Personnel Profile
Personnel Photo of Keith  Belk
Keith Belk
Professor and Dept Head
Animal Sciences
College of Agricultural Sciences

Animal Sciences Building, Room
Phone:
970-491-5826
Education:
  • Ph D, Texas A&M University; Animal Science
  • Other, Colorado State University; Animal Science
  • Other, Colorado State University; Animal Science
Personal Website:
http://

Born in Colorado and at CSU since 1995, Keith also was employed in the private sector as a beef buyer by Safeway, and by the USDA-AMS in Washington, DC as an International Marketing Specialist.

Martin, J. N., Brooks, J. C., Thompson, L. D., Savell, J. W., Harris, K. B., May, L. L., Haneklaus, A. N., Schutz, J. L., Belk, Keith, Engle, Terry E, Woerner, Dale Ray, Legako, J. F., Luna, A. M., Douglass, L. W., Douglass, S. E., Howe, J., Duvall, M., Patterson, K. Y., Leheska, J. L., Nutrient Database Improvement Project: The influence of U.S. quality and yield grade on the separable components and proximate composition of raw and cooked retail cuts from the beef rib and plate Meat Science 95 486-494

Huerta-Leidenz, N., Ruiz-Flores, A., Maldonado-Siman, E., Valdez, A., Belk, Keith, Survey of Mexican retail stores for US beef product Meat Science 96 729-736

Thompson, Tyler W, Geornaras, Ifigenia, Delmore, Robert J, McFarlane, Brian J, Belk, Keith E, Narayanan Nair, Mahesh, (2020) Investigating the etiology of sour knuckles in postchilled beef carcasses Meat and Muscle Biology 4 1 35, 1-9

O'Connor, Lauren E, Gifford, Cody Lynn, Woerner, Dale Ray, Sharp, Julia L, Belk, Keith, Campbell, Wayne W, (2020) Dietary meat categories and descriptions in chronic disease research are substantively different within and between experimental and observational studies: A systematic review and landscape analysis Advances in Nutrition 11 1 41--51

Davis, Haley Elizabeth, Geornaras, Ifigenia, Lindstrom, Valerie Alissa, Chaparro, Jacqueline Michelle, Narayanan Nair, Mahesh, Delmore, Robert J, Engle, Terry E, Belk, Keith E, Prenni, Jessica E, (2020) Effects of differing withdrawal times from ractopamine hydrochloride on residue concentrations of beef muscle, adipose tissue, rendered tallow, and large intestine PLoS ONE 15 12 e0242673

Kline, Helen Carter, Belk, Keith, Edwards-Callaway, Lily Nowell, Algino, Ryan, Grandin, Temple, Weller, Zach Dennis, (2020) Preliminary Exploration of the Accuracy of Visual Evaluation in Estimating Actual Bruise-Trim Weight of Beef Carcasses Meat and Muscle Biology 4 1

Taylor, Daniel D., Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, White, Alice E., Walter, Elaine J. Scallan, , (2020) Survey of production animal veterinarians' prescription practices, factors influencing antimicrobial drug use, and perceptions of and attitudes toward antimicrobial resistance JAVMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 257 1 87-96

Liu, Tianqing, Bosilevac, Joseph M, Wheeler, Tommy, Arthur, Terrance, Jia, Mo, Geornaras, Ifigenia, Dutta, Vikrant, Belk, Keith E, Yang, Hua, (2020) "Evaluation of GENE-UP® New Markers EHEC for detection of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in MicroTally sheets collected from beef carcasses" Journal of Food Protection 83 Supplement A 157

Zhai, Chaoyu, Djimsa, Blanchefort A., Brown, Kitty, Prenni, Jessica E, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Narayanan Nair, Mahesh, (2020) Tandem mass tagged dataset used to characterize muscle-specific proteome changes in beef during early postmortem period Data in Brief 32 106064

Britton, Brianna Colleen, Geornaras, Ifigenia, Reagan, James O, Mixon, Stephen, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith E, (2020) Antimicrobial efficacy of acidified peroxyacetic acid treatments against surrogates for enteric pathogens on prerigor beef Meat and Muscle Biology 4 1 30, 1-7

Gredell, Devin Andrew, Schroeder, Amelia R, Belk, Keith, Broeckling, Corey D, Heuberger, Adam L, Kim, Soo-Young, King, D Andy, Shackelford, Steven D, Sharp, Julia L, Wheeler, Tommy L, others, , (2019) Comparison of Machine Learning Algorithms for Predictive Modeling of Beef Attributes Using Rapid Evaporative Ionization Mass Spectrometry (REIMS) Data Scientific reports 9 1 5721

O'Connor, Lauren E, Gifford, Cody Lynn, Woerner, Dale Ray, Sharp, Julia L, Belk, Keith, Campbell, Wayne W, (2019) Dietary Meat Categories and Descriptions in Chronic Disease Research Are Substantively Different within and between Experimental and Observational Studies: A Systematic Review and Landscape Analysis Advances in Nutrition

Weinroth, M.D., Martin, J.N., Geornaras, I., Parker, J.K., Carlson, C.R., Metcalf, J.L., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2019) Effect of tylosin exposure and geographical region of production on liver abscess rates, microbiomes, and resistomes in north american feedlot cattle J. Anim. Sci., December 2018

Huebner, Katherine Louise, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Weissend, Carla Jane, Holzer, Katlyn Laura, Parker, Jennifer Kristen, Lakin, Steven Michael, Doster, Enrique, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Abdo, Zaid, Woerner, Dale Ray, Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Geornaras, Gina, Bryant, Tony Clay, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2019) Effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product on liver abscesses, fecal microbiome, and resistome in feedlot cattle raised without antibiotics Scientific Reports 9 2559

Huebner, Katherine Louise, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Weissend, Carla Jane, Holzer, Katlyn Laura, Parker, Jennifer Kristen, Lakin, Steven Michael, Doster, Enrique, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Abdo, Zaid, Woerner, Dale Ray, Metcalf, Jessica L., Geornaras, Ifigenia, Bryant, Tony Clay, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2019) Effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product on liver abscesses, fecal microbiome, and resistome in feedlot cattle raised without antibiotics SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 9

Howard, S.T., Woerner, D.R., Gredell, D.A., Sewald, D.R., Bryant, T.C., Vote, D.J., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2019) Effects of ractopamine hydrochloride and zilpaterol hydrochloride supplementation on feedlot performance and carcass characteristics of calf-fed Holstein steers J. Anim. Sci., January 2018

Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Britton, Brianna Colleen, McCullough, Kathryn Rose, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Geornaras, Gina, Knight, R., Belk, Keith, Metcalf, Jess Lynne, (2019) Ground beef microbiome changes with antimicrobial decontamination interventions and product storage PLoS ONE 14 6 e0217947

Lakin, Steven Michael, Kuhnle, Alan, Alipanahi, Bahar, Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Dean, Chris, Muggli, Martin Drake, Raymond, Rob, Abdo, Zaid, Prosperi, Mattia, Belk, Keith, Morley, Paul S, Boucher, Christina Anne, (2019) Hierarchical Hidden Markov models enable accurate and diverse detection of antimicrobial resistance sequences COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY 2

Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Doster, Enrique, Geornaras, Gina, Parker, Jennifer Kristen, Carlson, Clay Rigsby, Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2019) Investigation of tylosin in feed of feedlot cattle and effects on liver abscess prevalence, and fecal and soil microbiomes and resistomes Journal of Animal Science 97 4567-4578

King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Broeckling, C.D., Prenni, J.E., Belk, K.E., Wheeler, T.L., (2019) Metabolomic investigation of tenderness and aging response in beef longissimus steaks Meat Muscle Biol 3 1

Weinroth, M.D., Noyes, N.R., Morley, P.M., Belk, K.E., (2019) "Metagenomics in Food Microbiology" Food Microbiology: Fundamentals and Frontiers, 5th Ed 5th

Davis, Haley Elizabeth, Badger, Crystal-Dawn, Brophy, Patrick, Geornaras, Ifigenia, Burnett, Thomas J., Scanga, John, Belk, Keith, Prenni, Jessica E, (2019) Quantification of ractopamine residues on and in beef digestive tract tissues JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 97 10 4193-4198

Davis, Haley Elizabeth, -D. Badger, C., Brophy, P., Geornaras, Gina, Burnett, T. J., Scanga, J., Belk, Keith, Prenni, Jessica E, (2019) Quantification of ractopamine residues on and in beef digestive tract tissues Meat Science 97 4193-4198

Zhai, Chaoyu, Peckham, Kiefer, Belk, Keith, Ramanathan, Ranjith, Nair, Mahesh N., (2019) Carbon Chain Length of Lipid Oxidation Products Influence Lactate Dehydrogenase and NADH-Dependent Metmyoglobin Reductase Activity Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 67 48 13327-13332

Perham, C C, Gifford, Cody Lynn, Woerner, Dale Ray, Engle, Terry E, Sellins, Karen S, Acheson, R J, Douglass, L W, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Delmore, Bob J, Cifelli, A, McNeill, S H, Belk, Keith, (2019) Special-Fed Veal: Separable components, proximate composition, and nutrient analysis of selected raw and cooked, wholesale and retail cuts. Meat science 148 19-31

Doster, Enrique, Parker, J.K., Anderson, C.A., Lakin, S.M., Noyes, N.R., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Booker, C.W., Hannon, S.J., Gow, S.P., McAllister, T.A., Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2018) "Antimicrobial use in beef feedlots: effects on microbiome and resistome dynamics" Proc. 99th Ann. Confer. Res. Workers Anim

Kuiper, Grace Elizabeth, Huebner, Katherine Louise, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Doster, Enrique, Parker, J., Alekozai, Najla, Juarez-Guzman, Carlos, Belk, Keith, Morley, Paul S, (2018) "Characterization of the microbiome and resistome of free-ranging elk and bison, and comparison to cattle" Proc. 99th Ann. Confer. Res. Workers Anim

Thomas, K.M., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Doster, Enrique, Parker, J., Vikram, A., Arthur, Tori O, Schmidt, J., Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Nair, M., Delmore, R., Yang, Hua, Wheeler, T., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Comparison of the resistome and microbiome of conventional and natural ground beef products" Proc. 99th Ann. Confer. Res. Workers Anim

Doster, Enrique, Thomas, K.M., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Parker, J., Vikram, A., Arthur, Tori O, Schmidt, J., Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Nair, M., Delmore, R., Yang, Hua, Wheeler, T., Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2018) "Metagenomic characterization of the microbiome and resistome in ground beef" Proc. 99th Ann. Confer. Res. Workers Anim

Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Scott, H. Morgan, Norby, Bo, Loneragan, Guy H., Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Rovira, Pablo, Doster, Enrique, Yang, Xiang, Woerner, Dale Ray, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2018) Effects of Ceftiofur and Chlortetracycline on the Resistomes of Feedlot Cattle APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY 84 13

Weinroth, M.D., Britton, B.C., Belk, K.E., (2018) Genetics and microbiology of meat Proc. Intl. Congr. Meat Sci. Tech, Melbourne, Australia. Meat Sci 144 2018

Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Belk, Aeriel D, Belk, Keith, (2018) History, development, and current status of food safety systems worldwide ANIMAL FRONTIERS 8 4 9-15

Doster, Enrique, Rovira, Pablo, Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Burgess, Brandy A., Yang, Xiang, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Lakin, Steven Michael, Dean, Christopher James, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Jones, Kenneth, I, , Boucher, Christina Anne, Ruiz, Jamie, Belk, Keith, Morley, Paul S, (2018) Investigating Effects of Tulathromycin Metaphylaxis on the Fecal Resistome and Microbiome of Commercial Feedlot Cattle Early in the Feeding Period FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY 9

Davis, H.E., Belk, K.E., (2018) Managing meat exports considering production technology challenges Anim. Frontiers vfy007

Weinroth, M.D., Noyes, N.R., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Metagenomics of Food Commodities: Meat and Poultry" Food Microbiology: Fundamentals and Frontiers 5th

Harris, McKensie K., Eastwood, L. Clay, Boykin, Courtney A., Arnold, Ashley N., Gehring, Kerri B., Hale, Daniel S., Kerth, Christopher R., Griffin, Davey B., Savell, Jeffrey W., Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Hasty, Josh D., Delmore, Robert J., Jr., , Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Lawrence, Ty E., McEvers, Trenton J., VanOverbeke, Deborah L., Mafi, Gretchen G., Pfeiffer, Morgan M., Schmidt, Ty B., Maddock, Robert J., Johnson, D. Dwain, Carr, Chad C., Scheffler, Jason M., Pringle, T. Dean, Stelzleni, Alexander M., (2018) National Beef Quality Audit-2016: assessment of cattle hide characteristics, offal condemnations, and carcass traits to determine the quality status of the market cow and bull beef industry TRANSLATIONAL ANIMAL SCIENCE 2 1 37-49

Gredell, D.A., McHenry, H.J., Woerner, D.R., Legako, J.F., Engle, T.E., Brooks, J.C., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2018) Palatability characterization of fresh and dry-aged ground beef patties Meat & Muscle Biol 2 1

Sexton, Ty, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Bunning, M. L, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, (2018) Salmonella Contamination in Broiler Synovial Fluid: Are We Missing a Potential Reservoir? JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION 81 9 1425-1431

Jia, Mo, Yang, Hua, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, (2018) "Sequence-specific removal of STECs via CRISPR-Cas9 system" The National Provisioner 232 2 12-13

Belk, Keith, (2018) Understanding the impact of oven temperature and relative humidity on the beef cooking process Meat & Muscle Biol 2 1

Woerner, Dale Ray, Geornaras, Gina, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Belk, Keith, Acuff, Gary R., Dickson, James S., (2018) Use of Nonpathogenic Escherichia coli Surrogates as Predictors of the Survival of Nontyphoidal Salmonella, non-O157 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli, and Escherichia coli O157 Populations after High Hydrostatic Pressure Processing JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION 81 7 1068-1072

Belk, Keith, (2018) "A systematic review: how are muscle foods defined and categorized in nutrition and health-related research?" Proc. 64th Intl. Congr. Meat Sci. & Technol

Weinroth, M.D., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Comparing fecal and meat resistomes in u. S. Beef, pork, and broiler production" Proc. 64th Intl. Congr. Meat Sci. & Technol 13–17

King, D.A., Shackelford, S.D., Broeckeling, C.D., Prenni, J.E., Belk, K.E., Wheeler, T.L., (2018) "Metabolomic investigation of tenderness and aging response in beef longissimus steaks" Proc. 64th Intl. Congr. Meat Sci. & Technol

Davis, H.E., Geornaras, I., Woerner, D.R., Delmore, R.J., Badger, C.D., Saltman, R.L., Killmer, J.D., Prenni, J.E., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Ractopamine withdrawal in yearling steers: sampling and residue testing of regulatory target and off-target tissues" Proc. 64th Intl. Congr. Meat Sci. & Technol

Saltman, R.L., Belk, K.E., Prenni, J.E., Davis, H.E., Killmer, J.D., (2018) "Regulatory and non-regulatory tissue residue levels for feedlot cattle fed ractopamine with terminal withdrawal times of 12 hours, 2, 4 and 7 days" The 30th World Buiatrics Congress 1 PH-P01

Gredell, D.A., McHenry, J.H., Woerner, D.R., Legako, J.F., Engle, T.E., Brooks, J.C., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2018) "The effect of muscle source on ground beef flavor and texture" Proc. 64th Intl. Congr. Meat Sci. & Technol

Thomas, K.M., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Vikram, A., Schmidt, J., Arthur, Tori O, Wheeler, T., Parker, J.K., Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Woerner, Dale Ray, Delmore, R., Yang, Hua, Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2018) "A comparison of the prevalence of antibiotic resistant bacteria found in ground beef from conventionally and naturally raised cattle" Intl. Assoc. Food Prot. Ann. Meeting

Britton, B.C., Geornaras, I., Woerner, D.R., Delmore, R.J., Martin, J.N., Reagan, J.O., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Evaluation of antimicrobial solutions, with and without a surfactant, for reducing inoculated bacterial populations on beef trimmings, chicken wings, and cantaloupes" Intl. Assoc. Food Prot. Ann. Meeting

Weinroth, M.D., Noyes, N.R., Yang, Xiang, Rovira, P., Doster, Enrique, Dean, Christopher James, Parker, J.K., Abdo, Zaid, Boucher, Christina Anne, Ruiz, Jaime G, Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Metagenomic investigations of antimicrobial resistance in beef, pork, and broiler meat" Intl. Assoc. Food Prot. Ann. Meeting

Zagmutt, F.J., Costard, S., Pouzou, J.G., Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2018) "Quantitative antimicrobial risk assessment: data gaps to put animal source foods in perspective" Intl. Assoc. Food Prot. Ann. Meeting

Davis, H.E., Geornaras, I., Delmore, R.J., Martin, J.N., Woerner, D.R., Ogren, B., Owens, E.M., Sebring, B., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Validation of electrostatic antimicrobial application on surrogate-inoculated meat and poultry parts in a continuous flow system" Intl. Assoc. Food Prot. Ann. Meeting

Kiel, Rinara Cely, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Woerner, Dale Ray, Murphy, Rachel Lynn, Geornaras, Gina, Levey, Jennifer Rose, Yang, Hua, Delmore, Bob J, Belk, Keith, (2018) Influence of Storage Temperature, Moisture Content, and Physical Impurities on the Distribution and Survival of Salmonella enterica in Poultry Fat Intended for Pet Food Use JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION 81 8 1364-1372

Thomas, K.M.M.Weinroth, Parker, J.K., Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Arthur, Tori O, Schmidt, J., Wheeler, T., Vikram, A., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2018) "A comparison of the resistome between natural and conventional retail ground beef products" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Britton, B.C., Geornaras, I., Woerner, D.R., Delmore, R.J., Martin, J.N., Reagan, J.O., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Antimicrobial effects of peroxyacetic acid acidified with various acids when applied to inoculated prerigor beef carcass surface tissue" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Reyes, A.A., Bullard, B.R., Geornaras, I., Delmore, R.J., Woerner, D.R., Martin, J.N., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Assesment of 1,3-dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin as a final wash for reducing microbial contamination on beef carcasses" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Levey, J.R., Geornaras, I., Woerner, D.R., Prenni, J.E., Belk, K.E., Martin, J.N., (2018) "Changes in microbiological, sensory and lipid oxidation during aerobic storage of ground beef" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Weinroth, M.P.Rovira, Yang, Xiang, Parker, J., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Characterization of antibiotic resistance transmission in the beef production system" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Fuerniss, L.K., Weissend, C.J., Belk, A.D., Metcalf, J.L., Nair, M.N., Delmore, R.J., Woerner, D.R., Belk, K.E., Geornaras, I., Martin, J.N., (2018) "Competitive inhibition of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by a four-strain Lactobacillus cocktail" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Bullard, B.R.R.J.Delmore, Geornaras, I., Woerner, D.R., Martin, J.N., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Effect of high pressure processing on Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat shelf-stable turkey-based meat bars" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Djimsa, B.A., Woerner, D.R., Nair, M.N., Martin, J.N., Delmore, R.J., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Effects of electrical stimulation, chilling rate, and carcass size on rates of temperature decline and ph decline, and beef quality" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Foraker, B.A., Woerner, D.R., Gredell, D.A., Legako, J.F., Tatum, J.D., Martin, J.N., Delmore, R.J., Heuberger, Adam L, Belk, K.E., (2018) "Identifying the influence of post-mortem aging length and method on flavor and tenderness of beef strip loins" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Steele, C.C., Boykin, C.A., Eastwood, L.C., Harris, M.K., Hale, D.S., Kerth, C.R., Griffin, D.B., Arnold, A.N., Gehring, K.B., Hasty, J.D., Belk, K.E., Woerner, D.R., R. J. Delmore, Jr., J.N.Martin, , VanOverbeke, D.L., Mafi, G.G., Pfeiffer, M.M., Lawrence, T.E., McEvers, T.J., Schmidt, T.B., Maddock, R.J., Johnson, D.D., Carr, C.C., Scheffler, J.M., Pringle, T.D., Stelzleni, A.M., Gottlieb, J., Savell, J.W., (2018) "National Beef Quality Audit - 2016: frequency distributions of beef ribeyes within USDA Quality Grades" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Eastwood, L.C., Harris, M.K., Boykin, C.A., Arnold, A.N., Gehring, K.B., Hale, D.S., Kerth, C.R., Griffin, D.B., Savell, J.W., Belk, K.E., Woerner, D.R., Hasty, J.D., R. J. Delmore, Jr., J.N.Martin, , Lawrence, T.E., McEvers, T.J., VanOverbeke, D.L., Mafi, G.G., Pfeiffer, M.M., Schmidt, T.B., Maddock, R.J., Johnson, D.D., Carr, C.C., Scheffler, J.M., Pringle, T.D., Stelzleni, A.M., (2018) "National Beef Quality Audit-2016: comparisons between fed steers/heifers and market cows/bulls for by-product condemnations" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Kesterson, Hannah F, Woerner, D.R., Engle, T.E., Martin, J.N., Delmore, R.J., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Nutrient analysis of raw beef variety meat items" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Belk, K.E., (2018) "Production & economic balance in domestic & export markets" Proc. 71st Recip. Meat Conf

Britton, B.C., Geornaras, I., Woerner, D.R., Delmore, R.J., Martin, J.N., Reagan, J.O., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Antimicrobial effects of peroxyacetic acid acidified with various acids when applied to inoculated prerigor beef carcass surface tissue" Beef Industry Food Safety Summit

Doster, Enrique, Parker, J.K., Anderson, C.A., Lakin, S.M., Noyes, N.R., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Booker, C.W., Hannon, S.J., Gow, S.P., McAllister, T.A., Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2018) "Antimicrobial use in beef feedlot production and microbiome dynamics" Beef Industry Food Safety Summit

Weinroth, M.D., Noyes, N.R., Rovira, P., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Association of virulence factors and antibiotic resistance genes in feedlot cattle" Beef Industry Food Safety Summit

Davis, H.E., Geornaras, I., Badger, C., Scanga, J.A., Burnett, T.J., Prenni, J.E., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Quantification of ractopamine residues on and in digestive tract edible offals" Beef Industry Food Safety Summit

Davis, H.E., Bullard, Brittney Rose, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., (2018) "Validation of 1,3-dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin (DBDMH) as a possible antimicrobial intervention solution spray chill intervention as part of a robust food safety system in commercial beef plants" Beef Industry Food Safety Summit

Weinroth, M.D., Carlson, C.R., Martin, J.N., Metcalf, J.L., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2017) "16S characterization of liver abscesses in Western United States feedlot cattle" Proc. ASAS-CSAS Ann. Meeting

Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Carlson, Clay Rigsby, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2017) "16S characterization of liver abscesses in Western United States feedlot cattle." JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 95 46-46

McNeill, Shalene H., Cifelli, Amy M., Roseland, Janet M., Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Gehring, Kerri B., Savell, Jeffrey W., Brooks, J. Chance, Thompson, Leslie D., (2017) A Research Communication Brief: Gluten Analysis in Beef Samples Collected Using a Rigorous, Nationally Representative Sampling Protocol Confirms That Grain-Finished Beef Is Naturally Gluten-Free NUTRIENTS 9 9

Rovira, P., A., Brault S., S., Costard, F., Zagmutt, S., Morley P., K.E, Belk, (2017) "Association between antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in bacteria isolated from feces or respiratory secretions of feedlot cattle: a systematic review and meta-analysis" Proc. 98th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Animal Diseases Abstract number 181

Gifford, Cody Lynn, O'Connor, Lauren E., Campbell, Wayne W., Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, (2017) "Broad and Inconsistent Muscle Food Classification Is Problematic for Dietary Guidance in the US" NUTRIENTS 9 9

Weissend, C.J., Huebner, K.L., Holzer, K.L., Metcalf, J.L., Geornaras, I., Parker, J.K., Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., Martin, J.N., (2017) "Characterization and prevalence of fecal microbial populations and liver abscess prevalence of feedlot cattle fed rations tylosin and tylosin alternatives" Proc. 98th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Animal Diseases

Gredell, D.A., McHenry, J.H., Woerner, D.R., Legako, J.F., Engle, T.E., Brooks, J.C., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2017) "Characterization of fresh and dry-aged ground beef patties" Proc. 70th Recip. Meat Conf

McNeill, S.H., Campbell, W.W., Gifford, C.L., Belk, K.A., (2017) Coming to terms: meat’s role in a healthful diet Animal Frontiers

E., Doster, Rovira, P., Noyes, N.R., Burgess, B.A., Yang, Xiang, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Pabilonia, Kristy L, Boucher, Christina Anne, Ruiz, Jaime G, Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2017) "Comparing Salmonella enterica detection in feces using aerobic culture, targeted molecular tests, and shotgun metagenomics" Proc. Amer. Coll. Vet. Internal Med 338

Yang, Xiang, Bullard, Brittney Rose, Geornaras, Gina, Hu, Shuang, Woerner, Dale Ray, Delmore, Bob J, Morgan, J. Brad, Belk, Keith, (2017) Comparison of the efficacy of a sulfuric acid-sodium sulfate blend and lactic acid for the reduction of Salmonella on prerigor beef carcass surface tissue. Journal of food protection 80 5 809-813

Yang, Xiang, Kalchayanand, N., Belk, Keith, Wheeler, T., (2017) "Effect of radiant catalytic ionization on lean color and lipid oxidation of beef" Proc. 70th Recip. Meat Conf

Reyes, A.A., Bullard, Brittney Rose, Geornaras, I., Delmore, R.J., Woerner, D.R., Martin, J.N., Belk, K.E., (2017) "Effectiveness of 1,3-dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin applied in a pre-evisceration wash cabinet for reducing microbial contamination on beef carcasses" Proc. 70th Recip. Meat Conf

Huebner, K.L., Martin, J.N., Weissend, C.J., Holzer, K.L., Lakin, S.M., Weinroth, M.D., Abdo, Zaid, Metcalf, J.L., Geornaras, I., Parker, J.K., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2017) "Effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product on liver abscesses and antibiotic resistance in beef cattle" Proc. 98th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Animal Diseases

L., Huebner K., Martin, J.N., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Holzer, K.H., Weissend, C.J., Abdo, Zaid, Metcalf, J.L., Geornaras, I., Parker, J.K., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2017) "Effects of in-feed administration of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product on the liver abscess microbiome and liver abscess rate in cattle reared to produce natural-branded beef" Proc. ASAS-CSAS Ann. Meeting

Huebner, Katherine Louise, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Holzer, Katlyn Laura, Weissend, Carla Jane, Abdo, Zaid, Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Geornaras, Gina, Parker, Jennifer Kristen, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2017) "Effects of in-feed administration of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product on the liver abscess microbiome and liver abscess rate in cattle reared to produce natural-branded beef." JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 95 130-130

Scott-Bullard, Brittney R., Geornaras, Gina, Delmore, Robert J., Woerner, Dale R., Reagan, James O., Morgan, J. Brad, Belk, Keith E., (2017) Efficacy of a blend of sulfuric acid and sodium sulfate against Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and nonpathogenic Escherichia coli biotype I on inoculated prerigor beef surface tissue. Journal of food protection 80 12 1987-1992

Huebner, K.L., Weissend, J.N.Martin C.J., Holzer, K.L., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Abdo, Zaid, Metcalf, J.L., Geornaras, I., Parker, J.K., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2017) "Evaluation of the liver abscess microbiome and liver abscess prevalence in cattle reared for production of natural-branded beef" Beef Industry Food Safety Summit

Weinroth, M.D., Yang, Xiang, Noyes, N.R., Rovira, P., Martin, J.N., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2017) "Foodborne pathogens and virulence in the microbiome of cattle grown naturally versus conventionally" Proc. 63rd Intl. Congr. Meat Sci. & Technol 505–507

Doster, Enrique, Parker, J.K., Anderson, C.A., Lakin, S.M., Noyes, N.R., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Booker, C.W., Hannon, S.J., Gow, S.P., McAllister, T.A., Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2017) "Incorporating traditional bacterial culture methods and metagenomic sequencing to evaluate antimicrobial use and resistance in beef feedlot production" Proc. 98th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Animal Diseases

Weinroth, M.D., Lankin, S.M., Noyes, N.R., Yang, Xiang, Rovira, P., Doster, Enrique, Dean, Christopher James, Parker, J.K., Anderson, C., Abdo, Zaid, Boucher, Christina Anne, Ruiz, Jaime G, Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2017) "Metagenomic investigations of antimicrobial resistance in beef, pork, and broiler production systems" Proc. 98th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Animal Diseases

S., Morley P., Belk, K.E., Doster, Enrique, Lakin, Steven Michael, Dean, Christopher James, Muggli, Martin Drake, Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Rovira, P., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Yang, Xiang, Abdo, Zaid, Boucher, Christina Anne, Ruiz, Jaime G, Scott, H.M., Metre, D.C.Van, Woerner, D.R., (2017) "Metagnomic investigations of antimicrobial resistance in food animal populations" Proc. Project Directors’ Meeting for the USDA NIFA, Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Division of Food Safety, Antimicrobial Resistance Program 14

Harris, M.K., Eastwood, L.C., Boykin, C.A., Arnold, A.N., Gehring, K.B., Hale, D.S., Kerth, C.R., Griffin, D.B., Savell, J.W., Belk, K.E., Woerner, D.R., Hasty, J.D., Delmore, Jr., R.J., Martin, J.N., Lawrence, T.E., McEvers, T.J., VanOverbeke, D.L., Mafi, G.G., Pfeiffer, M.M., Schmidt, T.B., Maddock, R.J., Johnson, D.D., Carr, C.C., Scheffler, J.M., Pringle, T.D., Stelzleni, A.M., (2017) National Beef Quality Audit – 2016: Assessment of cattle hide characteristics, offal condemnations, and carcass traits to determine the quality status of the market cow and bull beef industry Transl. Anim. Sci

Eastwood, L.C., Boykin, C.A., Harris, M.K., Arnold, A.N., Hale, D.S., Kerth, C.R., Griffin, D.B., Savell, J.W., Belk, K.E., Woerner, D.R., Hasty, J.D., R. J. Delmore, Jr., J.N.Martin, , Lawrence, T.E., McEvers, T.J., VanOverbeke, D.L., Mafi, G.G., Pfeiffer, M.M., Schmidt, T.B., Maddock, R.J., Johnson, D.D., Carr, C.C., Scheffler, J.M., Pringle, T.D., Stelzleni, A.M., (2017) "National Beef Quality Audit – 2016: Harvest assessments of targeted characteristics that affect quality and value of cattle, carcasses, and by-products" Proc. 63rd International Congress of Meat Science and Technology 275–276

Savell, J.W., Boykin, C.A., Eastwood, L.C., Harris, M.K., Arnold, A.N., Hale, D.S., Kerth, C.R., Griffin, D.B., Hasty, J.D., Belk, K.E., Woerner, D.R., R. J. Delmore, Jr., J.N.Martin, , Lawrence, T.E., McEvers, T.J., Pfeiffer, M.M., VanOverbeke, D.L., Mafi, G.G., Schmidt, T.B., Maddock, R.J., Johnson, D.D., Carr, C.C., Scheffler, J.M., Pringle, T.D., Stelzleni, A.M., Gottlieb, J., (2017) "National Beef Quality Audit – 2016: Survey of carcass characteristics through instrument grading assessments" Proc. 63rd International Congress of Meat Science and Technology 281–282

Hasty, Joshua Dillon, Pfeifer, M. M., Eastwood, L. C., Gredell, Devin Andrew, Gifford, Cody Lynn, Levey, Jennifer Rose, Cashman, C. M., Woerner, Dale Ray, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Delmore, Bob J, Griffin, W. B., VanOverbeke, D. L., Mafi, G. G., Boykin, C. A., Hale, D. S., Kerth, C. R., Griffin, D. B., Arnold, A. N., Savell, J. W., Pendell, Dustin L, Belk, Keith, (2017) National Beef Quality Audit-2016: Phase 1, Face-to-face interviews Translational Animal Science 1 3 320-332

Harris, M. K., Eastwood, L. C., Boykin, C. A., Arnold, A. N., Gehring, K. B., Hale, D. S., Kerth, C. R., Griffin, D. B., Savell, J. W., Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Hasty, Joshua Dillon, Delmore, Bob J, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Lawrence, T. E., McEvers, T. J., VanOverbeke, D. L., Mafi, G. G., Pfeiffer, M. M., Schmidt, T. B., Maddock, R. J., Johnson, D. D., Carr, C. C., Scheffler, J. M., Pringle, T. D., Stelzleni, A. M., (2017) National Beef Quality Audit–2016: Transportation, mobility, live cattle, and carcass assessments of targeted producer-related characteristics that affect value of market cows and bulls, their carcasses, and associated by-products1 Translational Animal Science 1 4 570-584

Holzer, K.L., Weissend, C.J., Huebner, K.L., Metcalf, J.L., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., Martin, J.N., (2017) "Presence and characteristics of Salmonella enterica recovered from subiliac lymph nodes of beef feedlot cattle enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of dietary additives" Proc. 70th Recip. Meat Conf

Huerta-Leidenz, Nelson, Valdez-Munoz, Alejandra, Lopez, Fernando, Howard, Scott T., Dixon, Cheyenne, Belk, Keith, (2017) Retail display case merchandisings consist and price-elasticity of demand for US beef and pork variety meats sold in Mexican grocery stores REVISTA DE LA FACULTAD DE AGRONOMIA DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL ZULIA 34 2 216-235

Sexton, Ty, Geornaras, I., Woerner, Dale Ray, Delmore, R., Belk, Keith, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, (2017) "Salmonella contamination in poultry—are we missing a potential vector?" Proc. 70th Recip. Meat Conf

Jia, Mo, Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Yang, Hua, (2017) "Sequence-specific removal of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli using the CRISPR-Cas9 system" Proc. 70th Recip. Meat Conf

Thomas, K.M., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Doster, Enrique, Huebner, K.L., Parker, J.K., Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Woerner, Dale Ray, Delmore, R., Yang, Hua, Arthur, Tori O, Schmidt, J., Wheeler, T., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2017) "The characterization of retail ground beef microbiome" Proc. 98th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Animal Diseases

Weissend, Carla Jane, Holzer, Katlyn Laura, Huebner, Katherine Louise, Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Geornaras, Gina, Parker, Jennifer Kristen, Belk, Keith, Morley, Paul S, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, (2017) "The effect of tylosin supplementation and tylosin alternative control treatments on fecal microbial populations, performance, and liver abscess prevalence in feedlot cattle." JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 95 130-131

Weissend, C.J., Holzer, K.L., Huebner, K.L., Metcalf, J.L., Geornaras, I., Parker, J.K., Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., Martin, J.N., (2017) "The effect of Tylosin supplementation and Tylosin alternatives on beef trim microbial populations and carcass characteristics from feedlot cattle" Proc. 70th Recip. Meat Conf

Dean, Christopher James, Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Lakin, Steven Michael, Rovira, P., Yang, Xiang, Belk, Keith, Morley, Paul S, Meinersmann, R., Abdo, Zaid, (2017) Tychus: a whole genome sequencing pipeline for assembly, annotation and phylogenetics of bacterial genomes Genome Analysis

Bullard, B.R., Geornaras1, I., Delmore, R.J., Woerner, D.R., Martin, J.N., Belk, K.E., (2017) "Validation of antimicrobial interventions including the use of 1,3-dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin applied in a final carcass wash in a commercial beef harvest operation" Proc. 70th Recip. Meat Conf

Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Cashman, C., Geornaras, I., Delmore, R., Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, (2017) "Validation of various antimicrobial interventions for use in a bone dust cabinet in a commercial beef harvest facility" Proc. 70th Recip. Meat Conf

Owen, Joseph R., Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Young, Amy E., Prince, Daniel J., Blanchard, Patricia C., Lehenbauer, Terry W., Aly, Sharif S., Davis, Jessica H., O'Rourke, Sean M., Abdo, Zaid, Belk, Keith, Miller, Michael, Morley, Paul S, Van Eenennaam, Alison L., , (2017) Whole-Genome Sequencing and Concordance Between Antimicrobial Susceptibility Genotypes and Phenotypes of Bacterial Isolates Associated with Bovine Respiratory Disease G3-GENES GENOMES GENETICS 7 9 3059-3071

Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Weinroth, M E, Parker, Jennifer Kristen, Dean, Christopher James, Lakin, Steven Michael, Raymond, R A, Rovira, P, Doster, Enrique, Abdo, Zaid, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Jones, Kenneth, Ruiz, Jaime G, Boucher, Christina Anne, Belk, Keith, Morley, Paul S, (2017) Enrichment allows identification of diverse, rare elements in metagenomic resistome-virulome sequencing. Microbiome 5 1 142

Muggli, Martin Drake, Bowe, A, Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, Raymond, Robert Lovejoy, Gagie, T, Puglisi, S J, Boucher, Christina Anne, (2017) Succinct colored de Bruijn graphs. Bioinformatics (Oxford, England) 33 20 3181-3187

Huebner, K.L., Martin, J.N., Lakin, S.M., Weissend, C.J., Holzer, K.L., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Abdo, Zaid, Metcalf, J.L., Geornaras, I., Parker, J.K., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2017) "The Liver abscess microbiome in natural-branded, Colorado beef cattle" Proc. 2nd Amer. Microbiol. Soc. Conf. on Rapid Appl.Microbial Next Generation Sequencing and Bioinformatic Pipelines

Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Carlson, Clay Rigsby, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Metcalf, Jess Lynne, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2017) Rapid Communication: 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid characterization of liver abscesses in feedlot cattle from three states in the United States. Journal of animal science 95 10 4520-4525

Vikram, A, Rovira, P, Agga, G E, Arthur, T M, Bosilevac, J M, Wheeler, T L, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, Schmidt, John W, (2017) Impact of "Raised Without Antibiotics" Beef Cattle Production Practices On Occurrences of Antimicrobial Resistance. Applied and environmental microbiology

Van Metre, David C, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, Doster, Enrique, Lakin, Steven Michael, Dean, Christopher James, Muggli, Martin Drake, Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Rovira, P., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Yang, Xiang, Abdo, Zaid, Boucher, Christina Anne, Ruiz, Jaime G, Scott, H. M., Van Metre, David C, Woerner, D. E., (2017) "Metagnomic investigations of antimicrobial resistance in food animal populations" Proceedings of the Project Directors’ Meeting for the USDA NIFA,Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Division of Food Safety, Antimicrobial Resistance Program 14

Boykin, C A, Eastwood, L C, Harris, M K, Hale, D S, Kerth, C R, Griffin, D B, Arnold, A N, Hasty, Joshua Dillon, Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Delmore, Bob J, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, VanOverbeke, D L, Mafi, G G, Pfeiffer, M M, Lawrence, T E, McEvers, T J, Schmidt, T B, Maddock, R J, Johnson, D D, Carr, C C, Scheffler, J M, Pringle, T D, Stelzleni, A M, Gottlieb, J, Savell, J W, (2017) National Beef Quality Audit - 2016: Survey of carcass characteristics through instrument grading assessments. Journal of animal science 95 7 3003-3011

Boykin, C A, Eastwood, L C, Harris, M K, Hale, D S, Kerth, C R, Griffin, D B, Arnold, A N, Hasty, Joshua Dillon, Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Delmore, Bob J, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, VanOverbeke, D L, Mafi, G G, Pfeiffer, M M, Lawrence, T E, McEvers, T J, Schmidt, T B, Maddock, R J, Johnson, D D, Carr, C C, Scheffler, J M, Pringle, T D, Stelzleni, A M, Gottlieb, J, Savell, J W, (2017) National Beef Quality Audit-2016: In-plant survey of carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, and value of fed steers and heifers. Journal of animal science 95 7 2993-3002

Eastwood, L C, Boykin, C. A., Harris, M. K., Arnold, A. N., Hale, D. S., Kerth, C. R., Griffin, D. B., Savell, J. W., Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Hasty, J. D., Delmore, Bob J, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Lawrence, T. E., McEvers, T. J., VanOverbeke, D. L., Mafi, G. G., Pfeiffer, M. M., Schmidt, T. B., Maddock, R. J., Johnson, D. D., Carr, C. C., Scheffler, J. M., Pringle, T. D., Stelzleni, A. M., (2017) National Beef Quality Audit-2016: Transportation, mobility, and harvest-floor assessments of targeted characteristics that affect quality and value of cattle, carcasses, and by-products Translational Animal Science 1 2 229–238

Lakin, Steven Michael, Dean, Christopher James, Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Dettenwanger, A, Ross, A S, Doster, Enrique, Rovira, P, Abdo, Zaid, Jones, Kenneth, Ruiz, Jaime G, Belk, Keith, Morley, Paul S, Boucher, Christina Anne, (2017) MEGARes: an antimicrobial resistance database for high throughput sequencing. Nucleic acids research 45 D1 D574-D580

Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Doster, Enrique, Sanz, P.Rovira, Yang, Xiang, Ruiz, Jaime G, Boucher, Christina Anne, Jones, K., Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, Abdo, Zaid, (2016) "A dirichlet-multinomial bayesian model for evaluating antimicrobial resistance gene abundance in metagenomic data" RECOMB 2016 Conference

Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Doster, Enrique, Sanz, P.Rovira, Dean, Christopher James, Yang, Xiang, Ruiz, Jaime G, Jones, K., Boucher, Christina Anne, Abdo, Zaid, Belk, Keith, P., , (2016) "A haplotype identification system for antimicrobial resistance genes in shotgun metagenomic data" RECOMB 2016 Conference

Huerta-Leidenz, N., Howard, S. T., Flores, A. Ruíz, Ngapod, T. M., Belk, K. E., A survey of Mexican retail chain stores for fresh U.S. pork Meat Sci. 119 165-173

Yang, Xiang, Woerner, Dale Ray, Hasty, Joshua Dillon, McCullough, Kathryn Rose, Geornaras, Gina, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, (2016) An evaluation of the effectiveness of FreshCase technology to extend the storage life of whole muscle beef and ground beef Journal of Animal Science 94 11 4911–4920

Yang, Xiang, Woerner, Dale Ray, McCullough, Kathryn Rose, Hasty, Joshua Dillon, Geornaras, Gina, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, (2016) An evaluation of the effectiveness of FreshCase technology to extend the storage life of whole-muscle pork and ground pork sausage. Journal of Animal Science 94 11 4921-4929

Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Yang, Xiang, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Cook, Shaun R, Zaheer, Rahat, Yang, Hua, Woerner, Dale Ray, Geornaras, Gina, McArt, Jessica Anne Allerton, Gow, Sheryl P, Ruiz, Jaime, Jones, Kenneth L, Boucher, Christina A, McAllister, Tim A, Belk, Keith, Morley, Paul S, (2016) Characterization of the resistome in manure, soil and wastewater from dairy and beef production systems Scientific reports 6 24645

Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Yang, Xiang, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Cook, S R, Zaheer, R, Jones, K L, (2016) Characterization of the resistome in manure, soil and wastewater from dairy and beef production systems. Scientific Reports 6 24645

Mancilha, T., Woerner, Dale Ray, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Tatum, J.D., Delmore, R., Belk, Keith, (2016) "Characterizing products from the beef rib resulting from an alternative carcass break" 69th Reciprocal Meat Conference

Huerta-Leidenz, N., Rubio Lozano, M. S., Dixon, C., Valdez, A., Belk, K. E., Howard, S., López, F. Alejandro Ruíz , Comparación de suadero de los Estados Unidos de América y de México con y sin tratamiento de marinación: Comparison of rose meat from the U.S. and Mexico with and without margination Rev. Mex. Cienc. Pecu. 7 253-262

Murphy, R.L., Woerner, D.R., Geornaras, I., Martin, J.N., Yang, Hua, Sofos, J.N., Delmore, R.J., Belk, K.E., (2016) "Determining process lethality of escherichia coli o157:h7 and Salmonella in heat treated, rendered oil" 69th Reciprocal Meat Conference

Belk, Keith, (2016) Draft Genome Sequence of a Shiga Toxin-Negative Escherichia coli O157:H7 Strain C1-057 Isolated from Feedlot Cattle ASM Genome Announc 4(2):e00049-16. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00049-16 4 2 e00049-16. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00049-16

Yang, Hua, Carlson, Brandon, Geornaras, Gina, Woerner, Dale Ray, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, (2016) Draft genome sequence of Shiga toxin-negative Escherichia coli O157: H7 strain C1-057, isolated from feedlot cattle Genome announcements 4 2 e00049–16

Luzardo, Santiago, Woerner, Dale Ray, Geornaras, Gina, Hess, Ann Marie, Belk, Keith, (2016) Effect of packaging during storage time on retail display microbial population of beef strip loins from two different production systems. Journal of Animal Science 94 2614-2623

Luzardo, S., Woerner, D.R., Geornaras, I., Engle, T.E., Delmore, R.J., Hess, A.M., Belk, K.E., (2016) Effect of packaging during storage time on retail display shelf-life of strip loins from two different beef production systems J. Anim. Sci 94 2624–2636

Huebner, K.L., Weissend, C.J., Holzer, K.L., Carlson, C., Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Abdo, Zaid, Metcalf, J.L., Geornaras, I., Parker, J.K., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., Martin, J.N., (2016) "Effects of feeding tylosin on liver abscess prevalence and fecal Salmonella shedding in beef steers" 96th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Anim. Dis.,

Semler, M. L., Woerner, D. R., Belk, K. E., Enns, K. J., Tatum, J. D., (2016) Effects of USDA carcass maturity on sensory attributes of steaks produced by cattle representing two dental age classes J. Anim. Sci. 94 5 2207-2217

Davis, H.E., Adler, J.M., Delmore, R.J., Geornaras, I., Martin, J.N., Woerner, D.R., Yang, Hua, Belk, K.E., (2016) "Electrostatic antimicrobial application to beef trim and poultry parts" 14th Beef Industry Safety Summit, Beef Industry Food Safety Council 1–3,

Doster, Enrique, Rovira, P., Noyes, N.R., Burgess, B.A., Yang, Xiang, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Jones, K., Boucher, Christina Anne, Ruiz, Jaime G, Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2016) "Investigating the effect of tulathromycin exposure on antimicrobial resistance ecology in feedlot cattle during the early feeding period using shotgun metagenomics" 14th Beef Industry Safety Summit, Beef Industry Food Safety Council 1–3,

Gifford, C.L., Woerner, D.R., Martin, J.N., Engle, T.E., Belk, K.E., Douglass, L.W., Williams, K.Y., Roseland, J.M., (2016) "Nutrient analysis of grain-finished and grass-finished lamb" 69th Reciprocal Meat Conference

Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Yang, Xiang, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Dettenwanger, Adam, Cook, Shaun, Geornaras, Gina, Woerner, Dale Ray, Gow, Sheryl P, McAllister, Tim A, Yang, Hua, Ruiz, Jaime, Jones, Kenneth L, Boucher, Christina A, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2016) Resistome diversity in cattle and the environment decreases during beef production ELife 5 e13195

Doster, Enrique, Rovira, P., Noyes, N.R., Burgess, B.A., Yang, Xiang, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Jones, K., Boucher, Christina Anne, Ruiz, Jaime G, Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2016) "Shotgun metagenomic detection of Salmonella enterica in feedlot cattle compared to aerobic culture and pcr techniques" 96th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Anim. Dis.,

Belk, Keith, Boucher, Christina Anne, Bowe, A, Gagie, T, Morley, Paul S, Muggli, Martin Drake, Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Puglisi, S J, Raymond, Robert Lovejoy, (2016) Succinct colored de Bruijn graphs. bioRxiv

Weissend, C.J., Woerner, D.R., Martin, J.N., Geornaras, Gina, Engle, Terry E, Yang, Hua, Delmore, R., Belk, Keith, (2016) "The effect of storage on the shelf life of two lean points of fresh ground beef displayed in 2 different packaging formats" 68th Reciprocal Meat Conference

Hasty, Joshua Dillon, Woerner, D.R., Martin, J.N., Geonaras, I., Dellmore, R.J., Engle, T.E., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2016) "The use of high pressure processing as a pathogen reduction tool in raw pet food" 69th Reciprocal Meat Conference

Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Yang, Xiang, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Dettenwanger, A, Cook, S, Geornaras, Gina, Woerner, Dale Ray, Gow, S, McAllister, T, Yang, Hua, Ruiz, Jaime G, Jones, K, Boucher, Christina Anne, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2016) Use of metagenomic shotgun sequencing technology to detect foodborne pathogens within the microbiome of the beef production chain. eLife 5 e13195

Bullard, B.R., Davis, H.E., Kiel, R.C., Geornaras, I., Delmore, R.J., Belk, K.E., (2016) "Validation of antimicrobial interventions including use of peroxyacetic acid (PAA) in a spray chill system and a head spray cabinet in a commercial beef harvest operation" 14th Beef Industry Safety Summit, Beef Industry Food Safety Council 1–3,

Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Woerner, Dale Ray, Delmore, Bob J, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, (2016) 0906 Beef's role in a healthy diet Journal of Animal Science 94 suppl_5 436-437

Luzardo, S, Woerner, Dale Ray, Geornaras, Gina, Engle, Terry E, Delmore, Bob J, Hess, Ann Marie, Belk, Keith, (2016) Effect of packaging during storage time on retail display shelf life of longissimus muscle from two different beef production systems. Journal of animal science 94 6 2624-36

Semler, Megan L., Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Enns, Kellie J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, (2016) Effects of USDA carcass maturity on sensory attributes of steaks produced by cattle representing two dental age classes Journal of Animal Science 2016` 94 2207-2217

Yang, Xiang, Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Doster, E, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Yang, Hua, Geornaras, Gina, Woerner, Dale Ray, Jones, Kevin, Ruiz, Jaime G, Boucher, Christina Anne, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, (2016) Use of metagenomic shotgun sequencing technology to detect foodborne pathogens within their microbiome in beef production chain. Applied and environmental microbiology 82 2433-2443

O'Quinn, T. G. , Woerner, Dale Ray, Engle, Terry E, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Legako, J. F. , Brooks, J. C. , Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, (2016) Identifying consumer preferences for specific beef flavor characteristics in relation to cattle production and postmortem processing parameters Meat Science 112 90-102

Noyes, Noelle Robertson, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Lakin, Steven Michael, Doster, Enrique, Raymond, Robert Lovejoy, Rovira-Sanz, P., Abdo, Zaid, Ruiz, Jaime G, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Boucher, Christina Anne, Jones, K., Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2015) "Comparing the resistome of poultry, swine, cattle and salmon production and nearby human waste water treatment plants" 96th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Anim. Dis., 97 10 8 – 5 6–4 39– 81 –466 4 1590 1 – 198–4029– 6 0– 590 52017 4 7 03 8 1– 9 –426 – 15–250 16758 5 7

Murphy, R. G.L., Howard, S. T., Woerner, Dale Ray, Pendell, Dustin L, Dixon, C. L. , Desimone, T. L., Green, M. D., Igo, J. L., (2015) Definition, willingness-to-pay, and ranking of quality attributes of U.S. pork as defined by importers in Asia and Mexico Journal of Animal Science 93 433-441

Adams, T. S., Woerner, Dale Ray, Legako, J. F., Engle, Terry E, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Delmore, Bob J, Belk, Keith, (2015) "Identifying the influence of cattle production history and lean muscle characteristics on specific beef flavor attributes" Meat Science 112 149-150

N.R., Noyes, Yang, Xiang, Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Dettenwanger, A.T., Boucher, C.A., Geornaras, I., Yang, Hua, Woerner, D.R., Jones, K.L., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2015) "Microbiome-resistome dynamics in beef production" 21st Annual Front Range Student Ecology Symposium

Hoffman, T.W., Belk, K.E., Woerner, D.R., Tatum, J.D., Delmore, R.J., Peel, R.K., LeValley, S.B., Pendell, D.L., Zerby, H.N., English, L.F., Moeller, S.J., Fluharty, F.L., (2015) "Preferences associated with American lamb quality in retail & foodservice markets" 68th Reciprocal Meat Conference

Hoffman, T. W., Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Delmore, Bob J, Peel, Kraig Kraig, Levalley, Steve Byron, Pendell, Dustin L, Zerby, H. N. , English, L. F., Moeller, S. J. , Fluharty, F. L. , (2015) "Preferences associated with American lamb quality in retail & foodservice markets" Meat Science 112 138

N.R., Noyes, Yang, Xiang, Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Dettenwanger, A.T., Boucher, C.A., Geornaras, I., Yang, Hua, Woerner, D.R., Jones, K.L., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2015) Shotgun metagenomic sequencing reveals lack of antimicrobial resistance in beef Beef Industry Safety Summit

N.R., Noyes, Yang, Xiang, Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Dettenwanger, A.T., Boucher, C.A., Geornaras, I., Yang, Hua, Woerner, D.R., Jones, K.L., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2015) "The pre-retail beef resistome accessed using shotgun metaenomics" Annual Colorado State University Graduate Student Showcase 1st

R., Noyes N., Yang, Xiang, Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Dettenwanger, A.T., Boucher, C.A., Geornaras, I., Yang, Hua, Woerner, D.R., Jones, K.L., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2015) "The pre-retail beef resistome accessed using shotgun metagenomics" 4th ASM Conf. Antimicrobial Resistance in Zoonotic Bacteria and Foodborne Pathogens

Yang, Xiang, Noyes, N.R., Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Dettenwanger, A.T., Boucher, C.A., Geornaras, I., Yang, Hua, Woerner, D.R., Jones, K.L., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2015) "Use of metagenomic high-throughput sequencing technology and robust bioinformatics to detect foodborne pathogens of cattle, their environments, and beef products" The 13th Beef Industry Safety Summit, Beef Industry Food Safety Council 3–5,

Yang, Xiang, Noyes, N.R., Doster, Enrique, Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Dettenwanger, A.T., Boucher, C.A., Geornaras, I., Yang, Hua, Woerner, D.R., Jones, K.L., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2015) "Use of metagenomic high-throughput sequencing to understand antimicrobial resistance and for pathogen detection in beef production" 6th Public Health Symposium, Microbial Ecology in a Changing World: Emerging Issue on Antimicrobial Resistance

E., Doster, Rovira, P., Noyes, N.R., Burgess, B.A., Yang, Xiang, Weinroth, Margaret Dorothy, Linke, Lyndsey M, Magnuson, Roberta J, Jones, K., Boucher, Christina Anne, Ruiz, Jaime G, Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2015) "Use of shotgun metagenomics to evaluate the microbiome in cattle feces following tulathromycin metaphylaxis" 96th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Anim. Dis., 5 6–4 39– 81 –466 4 1590 8 90 749– 94–4110– –066 70618 16 7 03 8 1– 9 –426 – 15–250 16758 5 7

R., Noyes N., Xiang, Y., McArt, J.A., Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Yang, Hua, Dettenwanger, A., Jones, K., Boucher, Christina Anne, Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2015) "Using metagenomics to unlock the ecology of antimicrobial resistance in cattle production systems" 16th Ann. CVMBS Res. Day

Bullard, Brittney Rose, Yang, Xiang, Geornaras, Gina, Delmore, Bob J, Woerner, Dale Ray, Adler, J M, Belk, Keith, (2015) Antimicrobial Efficacy of a Lactic Acid and Citric Acid Blend against Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Nonpathogenic Escherichia coli Biotype I on Inoculated Prerigor Beef Carcass Surface Tissue. Journal of food protection 78 12 2136-42

Moschonas, G, Geornaras, Gina, Stopforth, J D, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2015) Effect of Product Dimensions and Surface Browning Method on Salmonella Contamination in Frozen, Surface-Browned, Breaded Chicken Products Treated with Antimicrobials. Journal of food science 80 12 M2815-21

Acheson, R J, Woerner, Dale Ray, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Belk, Keith, Engle, Terry E, Brown, T R, Brooks, J C, Luna, A M, Thompson, Laura, Grimes, H L, Arnold, A N, Savell, J W, Gehring, K B, Douglass, L W, Howe, J C, Patterson, K Y, Roseland, J M, Williams, J R, Cifelli, A, Leheska, J M, McNeill, S H, (2015) Nutrient database improvement project: Separable components and proximate composition of raw and cooked retail cuts from the beef loin and round. Meat science 110 236-44

Bullard, Brittney Rose, Yang, Xiang, Geornaras, Gina, Delmore, Bob J, Woerner, Dale Ray, Reagan, J O, Morgan, Jeri, Belk, Keith, (2015) Antimicrobial Efficacy of a Sulfuric Acid and Sodium Sulfate Blend, Peroxyacetic Acid, and Cetylpyridinium Chloride against Salmonella on Inoculated Chicken Wings. Journal of food protection 78 11 1967-72

Murphy, Rachel Lynn, Bullard, Brittney Rose, Delmore, Lynn, Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Delmore, Bob J, (2015) "Guidance for Selecting a Commercial or Private Laboratory" North American Meat Institute

Scott, B.R., Yang, Xiang, Geornaras, I., Woerner, D.R., Delmore, R.J., Morgan, J.B., Belk, K.E., (2014) "Antimicrobial efficacy of Amplon (AFTEC 3000) against pathogenic Salmonella resistant to nalidixic acid and novobiocin on inoculated chicken wings. BIFSCo Ann" Beef Industry Safety Summit 4–6,

X., Yang, Scott, B.R., Geornaras, I., Woerner, D.R., Delmore, R.J., Morgan, J.B., Belk, K.E., (2014) "Comparison of Decontamination Efficacy of AFTEC 3000 and Lactic Acid at Different Temperatures as a Spray Solution for Hot Beef Carcasses against Rifampicin-Resistant Salmonella" Beef Industry Safety Summit 4–6,

Howard, S T, Woerner, Dale Ray, Vote, D J, Scanga, J A, Acheson, R J, Chapman, P L, Bryant, T C, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, (2014) Effects of ractopamine hydrochloride and zilpaterol hydrochloride supplementation on carcass cutability of calf-fed Holstein steers Journal of Animal Science 92 369-375

Arp, T S, Howard, S T, Woerner, Dale Ray, Scanga, J A, McKenna, D R, Kolath, W H , Chapman, P L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, (2014) Effects of ractopamine hydrochloride and zilpaterol hydrochloride supplementation on longissimus muscle shear force and sensory attributes of beef steers Journal of Animal Science 92 836-843

Y., Xiang, Noyes, N.R., Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Dettenwanger, A.T., Boucher, C.A., Geornaras, I., Yang, Hua, Woerner, D.R., Jones, K.L., Morley, P.S., Belk, K.E., (2014) "Use of metagenomic high-throughput sequencing technology and robust bioinformatics to assess the microbiome of cattle, their environments, and beef products to determine the degree of antimicrobial resistance" AMSA Recip. Meat Conf. 23–24

N.R., Noyes, Xiang, Y., Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Geornaras, I., Yang, Hua, Woerner, D.R., Dettenwanger, A., Jones, K., Boucher, Christina Anne, Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2014) "Using Metagenomics to Understand the Ecology of Antimicrobial Resistance in Beef Feedlot Production Systems" Nucleic Acids Summit, 4th Next-Generation Sequencing Conference

R., Noyes N., Y, Xiang, McArt, Jessica Anne Allerton, Linke, L.M., Magnuson, R.J., Yang, Hua, Dettenwanger, A., Jones, K.L., Boucher, Christina Anne, Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., (2014) "Using metagenomics to unlock the ecology of antimicrobial resistance in cattle production systems" 95th Ann. Conf. Res. Workers in Animal Diseases

Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Delmore, Bob J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Yang, Hua, Sofos, John N, (2014) The meat industry: do we think and behave globally or locally? Meat science 98 3 556-60

West, S E, Harris, K B, Haneklaus, A N, Savell, J W, Thompson, Laura, Brooks, J C, Pool, J K, Luna, A M, Engle, Terry E, Schutz, J S, Woerner, Dale Ray, Arcibeque, S L, Belk, Keith, Douglass, L, Leheska, J M, McNeill, S, Howe, J C, Holden, J M, Duvall, M, Patterson, K, (2014) Nutrient database improvement project: the influence of USDA quality and yield grade on the separable components and proximate composition of raw and cooked retail cuts from the beef chuck. Meat science 97 4 558-67

Arp, T S, Howard, S T, Woerner, Dale Ray, Scanga, J A, McKenna, D R, Kolath, W H, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, (2014) Effects of dietary ractopamine hydrochloride and zilpaterol hydrochloride supplementation on performance, carcass traits, and carcass cutability in beef steers. Journal of animal science 92 2 836-43

Steger, J., Woerner, D.R., Chapman, P.L., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2013) "A consumer survey to gauge steak preference based on visual appearance" Submitted to JBS, USA, Greeley, CO

Luzardo, S., Howard, S.T., Woerner, D.R., Chapman, P.L., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2013) "Comparison of retail yields and sensory attributes of cuts from fed Holstein steers and beef-breed type cattle" Submitted to JBS, USA, Greeley, CO

McHenry, J.H., Woerner, D.R., Engle, T.E., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2013) "Discovering ground beef performance through “premium grind” concepts" Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Emerson, M R, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, (2013) Effectiveness of USDA instrument-based marbling measurements for categorizing beef carcasses according to differences in LM sensory attributes Journal of Animal Science 91 1024-1034

Yoon, Y., Geornaras, Gina, Mukherjee, A., Belk, Keith, Scanga, J. A., Smith, G. C., Sofos, John N, (2013) Effects of cooking methods and chemical tenderizers on survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef patties Meat Science 95 317-322

Yoon, Yohan, Geornaras, Gina, Mukherjee, Avik, Belk, Keith, Scanga, John A., Smith, Gary C., Sofos, John N, (2013) Effects of cooking methods and chemical tenderizers on survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef patties Meat Sci. 95 317-322

Acheson, R J, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, (2013) "Effects of differences in carcass maturity on eating quality of beef produced by grain-finished steers and heifers that have been classified as less than 30 months old using birth records or dentition" Final Report to National Cattlemen's Beef Association 1-23

Karney, E.D., Woerner, D.R., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2013) "Effects of extended postmortem aging periods on the shelf-life and eating qualities of beef intended for retail sale" Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Acheson, R.J., Woerner, D.R., Belk, K.E., Engle, T.E., Brown, T.R., Martin, J.N., Brooks, J.C., Luna, A.M., Thompson, L.D., Grimes, H.L., Savell, J.W., Harris, K.B., Douglass, L.W., Howe, J.C., Patterson, K.Y., Roseland, J.M., Williams, J.R., Cifelli, A., Leheska, J.L., (2013) "Effects of Quality Grade, Yield Grade, gender, and cattle type on the nutrient composition of retail cuts from the beef loin and round" 66th Annual Reciprocal Meat Conference

Howard, S.T., Woerner, D.R., Chapman, P.L., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2013) "Live performance, carcass characteristics, carcass fabrication yield and strip loin palatability of calf-fed Holstein steers fed varying dosages and potencies of beta-agonists" Submitted to Elanco Animal Health and JBS, USA, Greeley, CO

Howard, S T, Scanga, J A, Woerner, Dale Ray, VanOverbeke, D L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, (2013) "North American beef tenderness survey 2011-2012. 2013" Meat Science 96 478-479

Howard, Scott T, Woerner, Dale Ray, Scanga, J A, VanOverbeke, D L, Mafi, G G, Igo, J L, Salman, Mo D, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, (2013) North American Beef Tenderness Survey 2011–2012: Benchmarking tenderness and sample shipping procedures. Journal of Animal Science 91 5981-5988

Desimone, Tonina L., Acheson, Rebecca A., Woerner, Dale Ray, Engle, Terry E, Douglass, Larry W., Belk, Keith, (2013) Nutrient analysis of the Beef Alternative Merchandising cuts Meat Science 93 733-745

Igo, J. L., VanOverbeke, D. L., Woerner, Dale Ray, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Pendell, Dustin L, Vedral, L. L., Mafi, G. G., Moore, M. C., McKeith, R. O., Gray, G. D., Griffin, D. B., Hale, D. S., Savell, J. W., Belk, Keith, (2013) Phase I of The National Beef Quality Audit – 2011: Quantifying willingness-to-pay, best worst scaling, and current status of quality characteristics in different beef industry marketing sectors Journal of Animal Science 91 1907-1919

T., Howard S., Woerner, D.R., Tatum, J.D., Huerta-Leidenz, N., Belk, K.E., (2013) "Pork Production in the U.S. and the Role of Pork in a Healthy Diet" Prepared for Programa del Foro Internacional de Alimentos Sanos. October

Yang, Xiang, Howard, S.T., Woerner, D.R., Delmore, R.J., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2013) "Review of literature and needs assessment for use of pathogen reduction technologies in fresh pork production" Prepared for National Pork Board, Des Moines, IA

Perham, C.C., Woerner, D.R., Acheson, R.A., Engle, T.E., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2013) "Special-fed veal: a complete nutrient analysis of pertinent veal cuts" Submitted to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Huerta-Leidenz, N., Ruiz-Flores, A., Maldonado-Siman, E., Valdez, A., Belk, Keith, (2013) Survey of Mexican retail stores for US beef product Meat Science 96 729-736

Perham, C.C., Pittman, C.I., Yang, Xiang, Geornaras, I., Sofos, J.N., Woerner, D.R., Belk, K.E., (2013) "Validation of commercial hot-water thermal pasteurization for use as a whole carcass antimicrobial intervention at operational parameters" BIFSCO 13–15,

Yang, Xiang, Pittman, Curtis I., Perham, Carlie C. , Geornaras, Gina, Sofos, John N, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, (2013) "Validation of the commercial use of thermal pasteurization combined with a bromine solution as whole carcass antimicrobial intervention when tested at operational parameters" BIFSCO, March 13-15, Dallas, TX.

Martin, Jennifer Nicole, Brooks, J C, Thompson, Laura, Savell, J W, Harris, K B, May, L L, Haneklaus, A N, Schutz, J L, Belk, Keith, Engle, Terry E, Woerner, Dale Ray, Legako, J F, Luna, A M, Douglass, L W, Douglass, S E, Howe, J, Duvall, M, Patterson, K Y, Leheska, J L, (2013) Nutrient database improvement project: the influence of U.S.D.A. Quality and Yield Grade on the separable components and proximate composition of raw and cooked retail cuts from the beef rib and plate. Meat science 95 3 486-94

Emerson, M R, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, (2013) Effectiveness of USDA instrument-based marbling measurements for categorizing beef carcasses according to differences in longissimus muscle sensory attributes. Journal of animal science 91 2 1024-34

(2012) Antimicrobials for reduction of Salmonella contamination in uncooked, surface-browned breaded chicken products J Food Prot 75 1023-1028

Callahan, Z. D., Belk, Keith, Miller, R. K., Morgan, J. B., Lorenzen, C. L., (2012) Combining two proven mechanical tenderness measurements in one steak Journal of Animal Science 91 4521-4525

(2012) "Combining two proven mechanical tenderness measurements in one steak using two different common cooking methods" J Anim Sci 90 Suppl 2 58-59

(2012) Comparison of decontamination efficacy of antimicrobial treatments for beef trimmings against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and 6 non-O157 shiga toxin-producing E coli serogroups J Food Sci 77 M539-M544

(2012) "Development of nutrient labels for four retail cuts from the beef rib" Abstract presented at Reciprocal Meat Conference Fargo, ND

(2012) "Discovering ground beef performance through “premium grind” concepts" Interim Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2012) "Driving Change: The 2011 National Beef Quality Audit" Abstract presented at Reciprocal Meat Conference Fargo, ND

(2012) Effectiveness of USDA instrument-based marbling measurements for categorizing beef carcasses according to differences in LM sensory attributes J Anim Sci Nov 12 [Epub ahead of print] http://www.journalofanimalscience.org/content/early/2012/11/11/jas.2012-5514

(2012) "Effects of differences in carcass maturity on eating quality of bef from fed steers and heifers that have been classified as less than 30 months old using birth records or dentition" Interim Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2012) Efficacy of chemical interventions against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and multidrug-resistant and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella on inoculated beef trimmings J Food Prot 75 1960-1967

Belk, Keith, (2012) "Evaluation of marbling score variation longitudinally in the Longissimus lumborum of Certified Angus Beef brand carcasses" Submitted to Certified Angus Beef

(2012) "Grading video script" Final Report Submitted to the U S Meat Export Federation, Denver, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2012) "Identifying Consumer Preferences for Specific Beef Flavor Characteristics" Final Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO pp 1-31

Arp, T.S., Woerner, D.R., Chapman, P.L., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2012) "Live performance, carcass characteristics, carcass fabrication yield and strip loin palatability of beef steers fed varying dosages and potencies of beta-agonists" Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN,

(2012) National Beef Quality Audit – 2011: Harvest-floor assessments of targeted characteristics that impact quality and value of cattle, carcasses, and by-products J Anim Sci 90 5135-5142

(2012) National Beef Quality Audit – 2011: Survey of instrument grading assessments of beef carcass characteristics J Anim Sci 90 5152-5158

(2012) "National Beef Quality Audit--2011 Phase I: Face-to-Face Interviews" Final Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, Meat Science, Department of Animal Science, Oklahom

(2012) National Beef Quality Audit–2011: In-plant survey of targeted carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, value, and marketing of fed steers and heifers J Anim Sci 90 5143-5151

(2012) Nutrient analysis of the Beef Alternative Merchandising cuts Meat Sci 93 733-745

(2012) "Nutrient Database Improvement Research - Phase 3a: Nutrient Analysis of Beef Loin and Round" Final Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2012) "Nutrient Database Improvement Research - Phase 3b: Nutrient Analysis of Beef Loin and Round" Interim Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2012) "Post-Approval Study: Live Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Carcass Fabrication Yield and Strip Loin Palatability of Beef Steers Fed Varying Dosages and Potencies of Beta-Agonists" Final Report Submitted to Elanco Animal Health, A Division of Eli Lilly and Company, Greenfield, IN, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2012) Quantifying the 'aging response' and nutrient composition for muscles of the beef round J Anim Sci 90 996-1007

(2012) Research Note: Evaluation of Lactic Acid as an Initial and Secondary Subprimal Intervention for Escherichia coli O157:H7, Non-O157 Shiga Toxin-Producing E coli, and a Non-Pathogenic E coli Surrogate for E coli O157:H7 J Food Prot 75 1701-1708

Simpson Beauchamp, Catherine, Dourou, Dimitra, Geornaras, Gina, Yoon, Yohan, Scanga, John A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Nychas, George-John E, Sofos, John N, (2012) Sanitizer efficacy against Escherichia coli O157: H7 biofilms on inadequately cleaned meat-contact surface materials Food Protection Trends 32 4 173–182

(2012) Sanitizer Efficacy against Escherichia coli O157:H7 biofilms on inadequately cleaned meat-contact surface materials Food Prot Trends 32 173-182

(2012) Sensitivity of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, multidrug-resistant Salmonella, and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella to lactic acid on inoculated beef trimmings J Food Prot 75 1751-1758

(2012) Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated at different depths of non-intact blade-tenderized beef steaks J Food Sci 77 M108-114

(2012) "Updating the United States National Nutrient Database with Nutrient Data for Eight Cooked Beef Cuts" Proc ICOMST, Montreal, Canada

(2012) "Validation of a hot water cabinet for use as a whole carcass antimicrobial intervention in Greeley, CO and Tolleson, AZ" Final Report Submitted to the JBS North America, Greeley, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO pp 1-16

(2012) "Validation of thermal pasteurization used with and without a commercial bromine solution for use as a whole carcass antimicrobial intervention" Final Report Submitted to the JBS North America, Greeley, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO pp 1-30

McKeith, R O, Gray, G D, Hale, D S, Kerth, C R, Griffin, D B, Savell, J W, Raines, C R, Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Igo, J L, VanOverbeke, D L, Mafi, G G, Lawrence, T E, Delmore, R J, Christensen, L M, Shackelford, S D, King, D A, Wheeler, T L, Meadows, L R, O'Connor, M E, (2012) National Beef Quality Audit-2011: Harvest-floor assessments of targeted characteristics that affect quality and value of cattle, carcasses, and byproducts. Journal of animal science 90 13 5135-42

Moore, M C, Gray, G D, Hale, D S, Kerth, C R, Griffin, D B, Savell, J W, Raines, C R, Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Igo, J L, VanOverbeke, D L, Mafi, G G, Lawrence, T E, Delmore, R J, Christensen, L M, Shackelford, S D, King, D A, Wheeler, T L, Meadows, L R, O'Connor, M E, (2012) National Beef Quality Audit-2011: In-plant survey of targeted carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, value, and marketing of fed steers and heifers. Journal of animal science 90 13 5143-51

Gray, G D, Moore, M C, Hale, D S, Kerth, C R, Griffin, D B, Savell, J W, Raines, C R, Lawrence, T E, Belk, Keith, Woerner, Dale Ray, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, VanOverbeke, D L, Mafi, G G, Delmore, R J, Shackelford, S D, King, D A, Wheeler, T L, Meadows, L R, O'Connor, M E, (2012) National Beef Quality Audit-2011: Survey of instrument grading assessments of beef carcass characteristics. Journal of animal science 90 13 5152-8

Geornaras, Gina, Yang, Hua, Moschonas, G, Nunnelly, M C, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, Woerner, Dale Ray, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Efficacy of chemical interventions against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and multidrug-resistant and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella on inoculated beef trimmings. Journal of food protection 75 11 1960-7

Fouladkhah, A, Geornaras, Gina, Yang, Hua, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, Woerner, Dale Ray, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Sensitivity of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, multidrug-resistant Salmonella, and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella to lactic acid on inoculated beef trimmings. Journal of food protection 75 10 1751-8

Geornaras, Gina, Yang, Hua, Manios, S, Andritsos, N, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, Woerner, Dale Ray, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Comparison of decontamination efficacy of antimicrobial treatments for beef trimmings against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and 6 non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli serogroups. Journal of food science 77 9 M539-44

Pittman, C I, Geornaras, Gina, Woerner, Dale Ray, Nightingale, K K, Sofos, John N, Goodridge, Lawrence, Belk, Keith, (2012) Evaluation of lactic acid as an initial and secondary subprimal intervention for Escherichia coli O157:H7, non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli, and a nonpathogenic E. coli surrogate for E. coli O157:H7. Journal of food protection 75 9 1701-8

Moschonas, G, Geornaras, Gina, Stopforth, J D, Wach, D, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Activity of caprylic acid, carvacrol, ε-polylysine and their combinations against Salmonella in not-ready-to-eat surface-browned, frozen, breaded chicken products. Journal of food science 77 7 M405-11

Moschonas, G, Geornaras, Gina, Stopforth, J D, Wach, D, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Antimicrobials for reduction of Salmonella contamination in uncooked, surface-browned breaded chicken products. Journal of food protection 75 6 1023-8

Simpson Beauchamp, C, Dourou, D, Geornaras, Gina, Yoon, Y, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Nychas, G J, Sofos, John N, (2012) Transfer, attachment, and formation of biofilms by Escherichia coli O157:H7 on meat-contact surface materials. Journal of food science 77 6 M343-7

Dixon, C L, Woerner, Dale Ray, Tokach, R J, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Engle, Terry E, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, (2012) Quantifying the aging response and nutrient composition for muscles of the beef round. Journal of animal science 90 3 996-1007

Adler, J M, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2012) Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated at different depths of non-intact blade-tenderized beef steaks. Journal of food science 77 2 M108-14

(2011) Activity of citrus essential oils against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. and effects on beef subprimal cuts under refrigeration J Food Sci 76 M433-M438

(2011) "An evaluation of carcass characteristics and longissimus muscle tenderness as a result of implant strategy and beta-adrenergic agonist supplementation" Final report submitted to the JBS by the Center for Meat Safety & Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2011) "Assessment of BoviBrom against Escherichia coli on beef carcass tissue" Final Report Submitted to Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN, by the Center for Meat Safety & Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University

(2011) Attachment and biofilm formation by Escherichia coli O157:H7 at different temperatures, on various food-contact surfaces encountered in beef processing Int J Food Microbiol 149 262-268

(2011) "Development of an intervention to reduce the likelihood of Salmonella contamination in raw poultry intended for use in the manufacture of frozen, not-ready-to-eat entrees Final report submitted to the American Meat Institute Foundation by the Center for" Final report submitted to the American Meat Institute Foundation by the Center for Meat Safety & Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 66 pp

(2011) Effects of genetic markers and implant strategy on longissimus and gluteus muscle tenderness of calf-fed steers and heifers J Anim Sci 89 1401-1411

(2011) Effects of sequential implanting and ractopamine hydrochloride supplementation on carcass characteristics and longissimus muscle tenderness of calf-fed steers and heifers J Anim Sci 89 201-209

(2011) "Enhancement of BRT lamb legs with multiple needle injection and tumbling methods" Final Report Submitted to Mountain States Rosen, Greeley, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety & Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University

(2011) "Evaluation of chemical decontamination treatments for beef trimmings against Escherichia coli O157:H7, non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E coli and antibiotic resistant and susceptible Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Newport" Final report submitted to the American Meat Institute Foundation by the Center for Meat Safety & Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 146 pp

(2011) "Evaluation of lactic acid as an initial and secondary subprimal intervention for Escherichia coli O157:H7, Non-O157 shiga toxin-producing E coli, and a non-pathogenic E coli surrogate for E coli O157:H7" Final Report Submitted to JBS, Greeley, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety & Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University

Belk, Keith, (2011) "Food Safety in the Beef Industry" Colorado Cattlemen s Association Newsletter

(2011) High-throughput small molecule screening reveals structurally diverse compounds that inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vitro J Food Prot 74 2148-2156

Yoon, Yohan, Mukherjee, Avik, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, John A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2011) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157: H7 during cooking of non-intact beef treated with tenderization/marination and flavoring ingredients Food Control 22 12 1859–1864

(2011) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 during cooking of non-intact beef treated with tenderization/marination and flavoring ingredients Food Control 22 1859-1864

(2011) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in moisture-enhanced nonintact beef by pan-broiling or roasting with various cooking appliances set at different temperatures J Food Sci 76 1 M64-M71

(2011) "Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vitro and on beef tissue after exposure to alexidine dihydrochloride" 111th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, May 21-24, New Orleans, LA. Abstract No. 1838.

(2011) Naturally colonized beef cattle populations feed combinations of yeast culture and an ionophore in finishing diets containing dried distiller’s grains with solubles had similar fecal shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7 J Food Prot 74 912-918

(2011) "Nutrient database improvement - phase 3A - nutrient analysis of round and loin cuts" Interim Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety & Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University

(2011) Probabilistic models for the prediction of target growth interfaces of Listeria monocytogenes on ham and turkey breast products J Food Sci 76 M450-M455

(2011) Quantifying the 'aging response' and nutrient composition for muscles of the beef round J Anim Sci doi: 10.2527/jas.2011-4415

(2011) "Relationships of USDA camera-based quality grades to beef palatability attributes Final Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety & Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University" Final Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, CO, by the Center for Meat Safety & Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University.

(2011) Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in meat product brines containing antimicrobials J Food Sci 76 M478-M485

(2011) Thermal inactivation of acid, cold, heat, starvation, and desiccation stress-adapted Escherichia coli O157:H7 in moisture-enhanced nonintact beef J Food Prot 74 531-538

(2011) "Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on the surface or within non-intact steaks as affected by thickness, thawing, starting cook temperature and cooking method" 98th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection, July 31-August 3, Milwaukee, WI Abstract No P1-58

(2011) "Updating nutient data for beef chuck cuts" Texas Dietetic Association Food & Nutrition Conference & Exhibition (poster), Translating Trends into Reality for Dietetic Professionals, Houston, Texas. April 7-9, 2011

(2011) "Use of antimicrobials to reduce Salmonella contamination in heated for external browning, but uncooked, frozen breaded chicken meat products" 71st Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists, June 11-14, New Orleans, LA. Abstract No. 202-02

(2011) "Validation of lactic acid for use as a primary and re-work subprimal antimicrobial intervention" Abstract presented at BIFSCO, March, Dallas, TX

Chen, Jiawei, Carlson, B A, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, (2011) High-throughput small molecule screening reveals structurally diverse compounds that inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vitro. Journal of food protection 74 12 2148-56

Dourou, D, Beauchamp, C S, Yoon, Y, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Nychas, G J, Sofos, John N, (2011) Attachment and biofilm formation by Escherichia coli O157:H7 at different temperatures, on various food-contact surfaces encountered in beef processing. International journal of food microbiology 149 3 262-8

Adler, J M, Geornaras, Gina, Byelashov, O A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2011) Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in meat product brines containing antimicrobials. Journal of food science 76 7 M478-85

Pittman, C I, Pendleton, S, Bisha, Bledar, O'Bryan, C A, Belk, Keith, Goodridge, Lawrence, Crandall, P G, Ricke, S C, (2011) Activity of citrus essential oils against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. and effects on beef subprimal cuts under refrigeration. Journal of food science 76 6 M433-8

Yoon, Y, Geornaras, Gina, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Kendall, Patricia A, Sofos, John N, (2011) Probabilistic models for the prediction of target growth interfaces of Listeria monocytogenes on ham and turkey breast products. Journal of food science 76 6 M450-5

Swyers, K L, Carlson, B A, Nightingale, K K, Belk, Keith, Archibeque, Shawn, (2011) Naturally colonized beef cattle populations fed combinations of yeast culture and an ionophore in finishing diets containing dried distiller's grains with solubles had similar fecal shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Journal of food protection 74 6 912-8

Gruber, S L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Engle, Terry E, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Enns, Mark Mark, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2011) Effects of genetic markers and implant strategy on longissimus and gluteus muscle tenderness of calf-fed steers and heifers. Journal of animal science 89 5 1401-11

Shen, C, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2011) Thermal inactivation of acid, cold, heat, starvation, and desiccation stress-adapted Escherichia coli O157:H7 in moisture-enhanced nonintact beef. Journal of food protection 74 4 531-8

Woerner, Dale Ray, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Engle, Terry E, Belk, Keith, Couch, Doug Wayne, (2011) Effects of sequential implanting and ractopamine hydrochloride supplementation on carcass characteristics and longissimus muscle tenderness of calf-fed steers and heifers. Journal of animal science 89 1 201-9

Shen, C, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2011) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in moisture-enhanced nonintact beef by pan-broiling or roasting with various cooking appliances set at different temperatures. Journal of food science 76 1 M64-71

(2010) "A review of procedures to extend the storage life of chilled and frozen beef, pork, and lamb muscle cuts, variety meats, and processed products destined for foreign markets, and a presentation of storage life estimates" pp 1-166 Final report to United States Meat Export Federation, Denver, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "Antibiotic- resistance Class 1 integrons in commensal bacteria from various environments and their transferability to foodborne pathogens" 97th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection, August 1-4, Anaheim, CA Abstract No P2-70

(2010) "Antimicrobial Chemicals for Sub-primal Microbiological Intervention" Final Research Report submitted to Hawkins, Inc, Glen Allen, VA Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

Belk, Keith, (2010) "Beef Facts: Beef Cutout Calculator" Research & Knowledge Management, National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO pp 1-4

(2010) "Beef Nutrient Database Improvement Research-Phase II A Final Research Report submitted to the National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO" Final Research Report submitted to the National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) Characterization and transferability of class 1 integrons in commensal bacteria isolated from farm and nonfarm environments Foodborne Pathogens 7 12 1441- 1451

(2010) "Comprehensive consumer sensory panel ratings and establishing baseline tenderness of American lamb meat" Final report to American Lamb Board, Denver, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "Development of USDA Performance Standards for Officially Approving VIA Lamb Carcass-Evaluation Instrumentation" Final report to American Sheep Industry Association, Englewood, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "Effect of brine ingredients on Escherichia coli O157:H7 during storage and cooking of moisture-enhanced vacuum- packaged beef" 97th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection, August 1-4, Anaheim, CA Abstract No P2-140

(2010) "Effect of marinade ingredients with antimicrobial properties against Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a beef homogenate" 97th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection, August 1-4, Anaheim, CA Abstract No P1-19

(2010) Effect of visual marbling on sensory properties and quality traits of pork loin Meat Sci 85 428-434

(2010) Effects of sex and short-term magnesium supplementation on stress responses and longissimus muscle quality characteristics of crossbred cattle J Anim Sci 88 349-360

(2010) Establishing an appropriate mode of comparison for measuring the performance of marbling score output from video image analysis beef carcass grading systems J Anim Sci 88 2464-2475

(2010) Evaluation of Brining Ingredients and Antimicrobials for Effects on Thermal Destruction of Escherichia coli O157 J Food Sci 75 M209-M217

(2010) "Evaluation of commercially available compounds for antimicrobial intervention of sub-primal beef and pork" Meat Sci 86 567

(2010) "Fate of Escherichia coli O157:H7 during aerobic storage at 4 or 12°C and subsequent thermal inactivation during cooking of beef moisture-enhanced with different brining ingredients" 70th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists, July 17-20, Chicago, IL Abstract No 041-02

(2010) "Fate of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef slaughter runoff fluids during carcass chilling and subsequent decontamination" 97th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection, August 1-4, Anaheim, CA Abstract No P2-141

(2010) Fate of Listeria monocytogenes during freezing, thawing and home storage of frankfurters Food Microbiol 27 144-149

(2010) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157 J Food Prot 73 461-469

(2010) Inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes during reheating of frankfurters with hot water before consumption Food Prot Trends 30 1 14-24

(2010) "JBS Microbiological Intervention Validation" Final Research Report submitted to JBS SA, Greeley, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "JBS Microbiological Intervention Validation Blitz" Final Research Report submitted to JBS SA, Greeley, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "JBS Microbiological Intervention Validation Lactic Acid" Final Research Report submitted to JBS SA, Greeley, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "JBS Microbiological Intervention Validation Spray in Bag Technologies" Final Research Report submitted to JBS SA, Greeley, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "JBS Microbiological Intervention Validation SYNTRx" Final Research Report submitted to JBS SA, Greeley, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "Muscles of the round: Nutrient composition of cooked cuts Final Research Report submitted to the National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO" Final Research Report submitted to the National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "Nutrient Analysis of the Beef Alternative Merchandising (BAM) Cuts: An Update to SDIBC" Prepared for the National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO Center for Red Meat Safety and Quality, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "Prediction of Meat Tenderness Using High Resolution Imaging" Final Report to the National Cattleman's Beef Association, Centennial, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "Presence of antibiotic resistant commensal bacteria in agricultural, city and national park environments evaluated by standard culture and real-time PCR methods" 70th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists, July 17-20, Chicago, IL Abstract No 037-16

(2010) Presence of antibiotic-resistant commensal bacteria in samples from agricultural, city, and national park environments evaluated by standard culture and real-time PCR methods Can J Microbiol 56 761-770

(2010) "Quantifying the Aging Response for Muscles of the Beef Round Final Research Report submitted to the National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO" Final Research Report submitted to the National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) Reduction of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters treated with lactic acid solutions of various temperatures Food Microbiol 27 783-790

(2010) Relationships of behavioral and physiological symptoms of preslaughter stress to beef longissimus muscle tenderness J Anim Sci 88 1148-1159

(2010) Risk factors associated with prevalence of foodborne pathogens in rural house- holds of Colorado with and without ruminant animals Food Prot Trends 30 12 803-815

(2010) "Sanitation of tenderizer blades to reduce cross-contamination of beef with Escherichia coli O157:H7" Food Micro 2010, 22nd International ICFMH Symposium, August 30- September 3, Copenhagen, Denmark Abstract No PED127

(2010) "Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 during frozen storage and subsequent cooking of beef steaks moisture-enhanced with different brining formulations" 63rd Reciprocal Meat Conference, American Meat Science Association, June 20-23, Lubbock, TX Abstract No 106P

(2010) "Thermal inactivation of acid, cold, heat, starvation and desiccation stress-adapted Escherichia coli O157:H7 in nonintact beef moisture-enhanced with various brine ingredients" 97th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection, August 1-4, Anaheim, CA Abstract No P3-82

(2010) "Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in different parts of beef roasts moisture-enhanced with different brining formulations and cooked to rare or very- rare degrees of doneness" 70th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists, July 17-20, Chicago, IL Abstract No COMP17-04 (038-57)

(2010) "Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in moisture-enhanced nonintact beef by pan-broiling or roasting using different cooking appliances with different starting temperatures" 70th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists, July 17-20, Chicago, IL Abstract No 038-09

(2010) "Validation of citrus essential oils to control foodborne pathogens on beef carcasses and subprimals Final Research Report submitted to the National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO" Final Research Report submitted to the National Cattlemen s Beef Association, Centennial, CO Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

(2010) "What is quality? The propensity of foreign customers of US pork to pay for pork quality attributes in select export markets" pp 1-198 Final report to National Pork Board, Des Moines, IA Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

Yang, Hua, Byelashov, O A, Geornaras, Gina, Goodridge, Lawrence, Nightingale, K K, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Characterization and transferability of class 1 integrons in commensal bacteria isolated from farm and nonfarm environments. Foodborne pathogens and disease 7 12 1441-51

Yang, Hua, Byelashov, O A, Geornaras, Gina, Goodridge, Lawrence, Nightingale, K K, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Presence of antibiotic-resistant commensal bacteria in samples from agricultural, city, and national park environments evaluated by standard culture and real-time PCR methods. Canadian journal of microbiology 56 9 761-70

Byelashov, O A, Daskalov, H, Geornaras, Gina, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Reduction of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters treated with lactic acid solutions of various temperatures. Food microbiology 27 6 783-90

Cannata, S, Engle, Terry E, Moeller, S J, Zerby, H N, Radunz, A E, Green, M D, Bass, P D, Belk, Keith, (2010) Effect of visual marbling on sensory properties and quality traits of pork loin. Meat science 85 3 428-34

Moore, C B, Bass, P D, Green, M D, Chapman, Phillip Lee, O'Connor, M E, Yates, L D, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2010) Establishing an appropriate mode of comparison for measuring the performance of marbling score output from video image analysis beef carcass grading systems. Journal of animal science 88 7 2464-75

Byelashov, O A, Adler, J M, Geornaras, Gina, Ko, K Y, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Evaluation of brining ingredients and antimicrobials for effects on thermal destruction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a meat model system. Journal of food science 75 4 M209-17

Shen, C, Adler, J M, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in nonintact beefsteaks of different thicknesses cooked by pan broiling, double pan broiling, or roasting by using five types of cooking appliances. Journal of food protection 73 3 461-9

Gruber, S L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Engle, Terry E, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2010) Relationships of behavioral and physiological symptoms of preslaughter stress to beef longissimus muscle tenderness. Journal of animal science 88 3 1148-59

Simpson Beauchamp, C, Byelashov, O A, Geornaras, Gina, Kendall, Patricia A, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2010) Fate of Listeria monocytogenes during freezing, thawing and home storage of frankfurters. Food microbiology 27 1 144-9

Bass, P D, Engle, Terry E, Belk, Keith, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Archibeque, Shawn, Smith, Gary C, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, (2010) Effects of sex and short-term magnesium supplementation on stress responses and longissimus muscle quality characteristics of crossbred cattle. Journal of animal science 88 1 349-60

Belk, K.E., (2009) "A marketing opportunity, perhaps? International food safety standards. The Food Safety Network" A Quarterly Newsletter from Food Safety Net Services

(2009) Alkaline hydrolysis of mouse-adapted scrapie for inactivation and disposal of prion-positive material J Anim Sci 87 1787-1793

Ko, K.Y., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Antimicrobial activity of various natural compounds against Escherichia coli O157:H7 cultured in ground beef extract" 96th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection

(2009) Associations between portion size acceptability of beef cuts and ribeye area of beef carcasses J Anim Sci 87 2935-2942

Bass, P.D., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Archibeque, S.L., Engle, T.E., Smith, G.C., (2009) "Attenuation Of Stress-Induced Beef Quality And Tenderness Problems" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–31

Dewell, R.D., Roman-Muniz, I.N., Scanga, J.A., Fails, A.D., Whalen, L.R., McCarthy, B.J., Hoffman, T.W., Woerner, D.R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Salman, M.D., (2009) Development of interactive multimedia training materials to train beef packing plant workers in the identification and removal of specified risk materials J. Exten 47 1

Carvalho, F.A.N., R.Woerner, D., Belk, K.E., (2009) "Development of USDA Performance Standards for Officially Approving VIA Lamb Carcass Evaluation Instrumentation and Comprehensive consumer panel sensory attributes ranking and establishing baseline tenderness for American lamb" North American Meat Processors (NAMP)

(2009) Effect of Meat Binding Formulations on Thermal Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157 J Food Sci 74 M94-M99

(2009) Effect of tenderizers combined with organic acids on Escherichia coli O157 Int J Food Microbiol 133 78-85

Geornaras, I., Chorianopoulos, N., Ko, K.Yuk, Adler, J.M., Byelashov, O.A., Gupta, Saurabh, Shen, Chen, Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Effect of traditional and modified enhancement solution ingredients on survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 during storage and cooking of moisture-enhance beef" Final report submitted to American Meat Institute Foundation

Shen, Chen, Belk, K.E., Adler, J.M., Geornaras, I., Woerner, D.R., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Enhancing beef tenderness: pre- and post-harvest practices and microbiological considerations" Amer. Anim. Sci. Assoc. & China Anim. Sci. and Vet. Med. Assoc. Pacific Rim Conference

(2009) Escherichia coli O157 Appl Environ Microbiol 75 5927-5937

Adler, J.M.I.Geornaras, Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Escherichia coli O157:H7 attachment and survival on stainless steel as affected by levels of initial environmental hydration and sanitizers" Reciprocal Meats Conference

Adler, J.M., Geornaras, I., Byelashov, O.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Escherichia coli O157:H7 survival in meat brining solutions containing antimicrobials" Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists

Byelashov, O.A., Adler, J.M., Geornaras, I., Ko, K.Yuk, Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) Evaluation of Brining Ingredients and Antimicrobials for Effects on Thermal Destruction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a Meat Model System Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection. Abstract P1-16

Bowling, M.B., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2009) "Ground Beef Sample Collection for Residue Analysis" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

Nightingale, K.K., Corron, J.L., Carlson, B.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Identification of novel chemical compounds that control Escherichia coli O157:H7 through use of a high-throughput small molecule screen" Beef Industry Safety Summit 4–6,

(2009) Microwave Oven Heating for Inactivation of Listeria Monocytogenes on Frankfurters before Consumption J Food Sci 74 M453-M460

(2009) Modeling the Growth/No-Growth Boundaries of Postprocessing Listeria monocytogenes Contamination on Frankfurters and Bologna Treated with Lactic Acid Appl Environ Microbiol 75 353-358

Smith, G.C., Pendell, D.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Morris, D.L., (2009) Opinions of those in the cattle, swine and sheep harvesting and rendering sectors regarding aspects of the National Animal Identification System Prof. Anim. Sci 25 641–653

Byelashov, O.A., Yang, Hua, Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Goodridge, Lawrence, Nightingale, K.K., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Prevalence of potentially antibiotic-resistant bacteria carrying class 1 integrons in water and fecal samples from farm, urban, and natural environments" 69th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists

Dewell, G., Dewell, R., Simpson, C., Hyatt, Doreene R, Scanga, J., Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, Grandin, Temple, Smith, G.C., Salman, M.D., (2009) "Risk factors for E coli O157 and Salmonella enterica in finished US beef cattle" International Symposium for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.

Simpson, C.A., Dourou, D., Yoon, Y., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) Sanitizer inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 biofilm cells on soiled beef cutting-contract surfaces 69th Annual Meeting of the Inst. of Food Tech, June 6-9 123-42

Yang, H.O.A.Byelashov, Geornaras, I., Goodridge, Lawrence, Nightingale, K.K., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Screening for antibiotic resistance genes and Class 1 integrons in commensal bacteria in agricultural and other environments and their potential transfer to pathogenic bacteria" Beef Industry Safety Summit 4–6,

Yang, Hua, Byelashov, O.A., Geornaras, I., Goodridge, Lawrence, Nightingale, K.K., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Screening for Antibiotic-Resistance Genes and Class 1 Integrons in Commensal Bacteria in Agricultural and Other Environments and Their Potential Transfer to Pathogenic Bacteria" Final Report to the National Cattlemen's Beef Association 1–57

Adler, J.M., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) Thermal Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 at Different Depths of Panbroiled and Roasted Non-intact Steaks Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection. Abstract T8-02

Shen, Chen, Adler, J.M., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in nonintact beef steaks of different thickness by different cooking methods and equipment" 96th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection

Chorianopoulos, N., Geornaras, I., Nychas, G.J.E., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Transfer of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to beef steaks through needle tenderization" 96th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection

Gupta, Saurabh, Geornaras, I., Goodridge, L.D., Nightingale, K.K., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2009) "Translocation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 during needle ingection for moisture enhancement of meat" 96th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection

Woerner, D.R., Bass, P.D., Engle, T.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2009) "Use Of Video Imaging Technology To Predict Cutability And Sensory Quality Of Beef Products Generated From Mature Cow/Bull Carcasses" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–33

(2009) Using reflectance spectroscopy to predict beef tenderness Meat Sci 82 5-Jan

Green, M.D., Bass, P.D., Richmond, R.J., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2009) "Validation Of Tenderness Prediction Instruments" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–25

(2009) Video image analysis as a potential grading system for Uruguayan beef carcasses J Anim Sci 87 2376-2390

Rodríguez-Marval, M, Geornaras, Gina, Kendall, Patricia A, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, (2009) Microwave oven heating for inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters before consumption. Journal of food science 74 8 M453-60

Bass, P D, Scanga, J A, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2009) Associations between portion size acceptability of beef cuts and ribeye area of beef carcasses. Journal of animal science 87 9 2935-42

Carlson, B A, Nightingale, K K, Mason, Gary L, Ruby, J R, Choat, W T, Loneragan, G H, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, (2009) Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains that persist in feedlot cattle are genetically related and demonstrate an enhanced ability to adhere to intestinal epithelial cells. Applied and environmental microbiology 75 18 5927-37

Yoon, Y, Mukherjee, A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2009) Effect of tenderizers combined with organic acids on Escherichia coli O157:H7 thermal resistance in non-intact beef. International journal of food microbiology 133 1-2 78-85

Vote, D J, Bowling, M B, Cunha, B C, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Montossi, F, Smith, Gary C, (2009) Video image analysis as a potential grading system for Uruguayan beef carcasses. Journal of animal science 87 7 2376-90

Murphy, R G, Scanga, J A, Powers, Barb E, Pilon, J L, Vercauteren, K C, Nash, P B, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2009) Alkaline hydrolysis of mouse-adapted scrapie for inactivation and disposal of prion-positive material. Journal of animal science 87 5 1787-93

Bowling, M B, Vote, D J, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2009) Using reflectance spectroscopy to predict beef tenderness. Meat science 82 1 1-5

Mukherjee, A, Yoon, Y, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2009) Effect of meat binding formulations on thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 internalized in beef. Journal of food science 74 2 M94-9

Yoon, Y, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2009) Modeling the growth/no-growth boundaries of postprocessing Listeria monocytogenes contamination on frankfurters and bologna treated with lactic acid. Applied and environmental microbiology 75 2 353-8

Murphy, R.G.L., Scanga, J.A., Powers, B.E., Nash, P.B., VerCauteren, K.C., Pilon, J.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) Alkaline Hydrolysis of Prion-Positive Materials for Purposes of Disposal The Rocky Mountain Prion Research Symposium

Murphy, R.G.L., Scanga, J.A., Powers, B.E., Nash, P.B., VerCauteren, K.C., Pilon, J.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) "Alkaline Hydrolysis of Prion-Positive Materials for Purposes of Disposal" Final report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–41

Murphy, R.G.L., Scanga, J.A., Powers, B.E., Nash, P.B., VerCauteren, K.C., Pilon, J.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) "Alkaline Hydrolysis of Prion-Positive Materials for Purposes of Disposal" 61st Reciprocal Meat Conference

(2008) An evaluation of central nervous system cross-contamination due to carcass splitting in commercial beef-packing plants J Food Prot 71 83-92

Adler, J.M., Yoon, Y., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Attachment and growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on stainless steel as affected by nutrient level, ground beef residues and natural flora" International Association for Food Protection Annual Meeting

Adler, J.M., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Attachment and growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on stainless steel under processing conditions" Animal Sciences Research Report

Carpenter, T.D., Meisinger, J.L., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2008) "Beef Carcass Value Optimization: Identification And Prediction Of Primal, Subprimal, Value-Cut and Offal Fabrication Styles That Optimize Carcass Value" Final Report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–33

Yoon, Y., Mukherjee, A., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Biofilm formation by autoinducer-2-producing and non-producing strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on food-contact surfaces under various conditions" Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting

Meisinger, J.L., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Lee, R.E., Patterson, L.B., Dewell, R., Whalen, L.R., (2008) "BSE Specified Risk Material And Dorsal Root Ganglia In Cattle" Final Report to US Meat Export Federation, Denver, CO 1–16

Carlson, B.A., Nightingale, K.K., Rossman, M., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2008) "Characterization of Escherichia coli O157:H7 shedding and persistence in feedlot cattle" 61st Reciprocal Meat Conference

Carlson, B.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Nightingale, K.K., (2008) "Characterization of the ability of bovine Escherichia coli O157 to adhere to human intestinal epithelium cells" International Association for Food Protection Annual Meeting

(2008) Comparison of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Multiple Beef Hide Decontamination Strategies To Reduce Levels of Escherichia coli O157 J Food Prot 71 2223-2227

(2008) Comparison of US versus Venezuelan beef cuts on cookery traits, consumer impressions and shear force J Muscle Foods 19 140-156

(2008) Control of Listeria monocytogenes on vacuum-packaged frankfurters sprayed with lactic acid alone or in combination with sodium lauryl sulfate J Food Prot 71 728-734

Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2008) "Conventional, organic, natural and grass-fed beef" Proc. 61st Recip. Meat Conf 1

Simpson, C.A., Dourou, D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Effect of beef cutting surface material, previous exposure to beef residues and inoculation method on attachment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and its fate in beef fabrication-floor fluids" Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting

Mukherjee, A., Yoon, Y., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Effect of restructuring formulations on thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 internalized in fresh beef tissue" Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting

Simpson, C.A., Dourou, D., Yoon, Y., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Effect of substrate on attachment and subsequent fate of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on meat-contact surfaces" International Association for Food Protection Annual Meeting

Dourou, D., Simpson, C.A., Yoon, Y., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Koutsoumanis, K., Nychas, G.-J.E., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Effect of temperature, shear and substrate on attachment and biofilm formation by Escherichia coli O157:H7 on various food-contact surfaces encountered in beef processing" International Association for Food Protection Annual Meeting

Yoon, Y., Mukherjee, A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Effect of various ingredients used for tenderization/marination and flavoring on Escherichia coli O157:H7 thermal resistance in non-intact beef" FoodMicro 2008 Annual Meeting, 21st Intl. ICFMH Symp

Carlson, B.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Nightingale, K.K., (2008) Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains that persist in cattle populations are characterized by enhanced ability to adhere to human intestinal epithelial cells American Society of Microbiology Annual Meeting. Abstract P-039

(2008) Estimated compliance for removal of specified risk materials from 18 US beef packing plants J Food Prot 71 573-577

Belk, K.E., (2008) "Evidencias y recomendaciones para el consume de carne de res y cerdo" Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion 1–5

Barmpalia-Davis, I.M., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Fate of Listeria monocytogenes on processed meat and poultry products treated with lactoferrin, activated lactoferrin, and organic acids and salts" Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting

Sofos, J.N., Yoon, Y., Simpson, C.A., Dourou, D., Adler, J.M., Mukherjee, A., Geornaras, I., Goodridge, L.D., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) "Formation, Destruction And Removal Of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Biofilms On Materials That Comprise Meat-Contact Surfaces In Beef Fabrication And Grinding Processes" Final Report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–46

Murphy, R.G.L., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) "Global Cattle Production, Beef Processing and Demand" Final report to Standard Meat Company, Saginaw, TX

Bowling, M.B., Belk, K.E., (2008) "Ground Beef Sample Collection for Residue Analysis" Final Report Submitted to The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Adler, J.M., Yoon, Y., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on stainless steel in fluids containing meat residues and natural contamination" Animal Sciences Research Report

Carlson, B.A., Corron, J.L., Zhang, Wen, Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Nightingale, K.K., (2008) "Identification Of Genetic Markers Associated With Escherichia coli O157:H7 Attachment Efficiency And Novel Non-Cytotoxic Small Molecules That Control E. coli O157:H7" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Bowling, M.B., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Hoffman, T.W., Smith, G.C., (2008) "Identifying management strategies to improve market cow and bull beef quality and profitability" National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

(2008) Impact of transportation and lairage on hide contamination with Escherichia coli O157 in finished beef cattle J Food Prot 71 1114-1118

Yoon, Y., Mukherjee, A., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in stored non-intact beef cooked by grilling, broiling or frying" FoodMicro 2008 Annual Meeting, 21st Intl. ICFMH Symp

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., (2008) "Integrating The Dairy Industry Into The Beef Quality Assurance Program" Proc. Natl. Dairy Calf and Heifer Assoc. 2008 Convention 143–149

(2008) International perspective Aust J Exp Agric 48 1465-1480

Gruber, S.L., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) "Managing Interactions Among Pre-Harvest Factors And Postmortem Tenderization During Aging to Enhance Beef Tenderness" Final Report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–79

Bass, P.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2008) "Merchandising The Ribeye And Striploin From Carcasses With Non-Conforming Carcass Weights (Too Heavy) And Longissimus Muscle Areas (Too Large" Final Report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–56

Bass, P.D., Belk, K.E., (2008) "Merchandising the ribeye roll and striploin from carcasses with non-conforming (too large) ribeye areas" NAMP Newsline 66 37

(2008) National Beef Quality Audit-2005 J Anim Sci 86 3533-3543

Sofos, J.N., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) "Nonintact whole muscle food safety: The problem and research needs" Proc. 61st Recip. Meat Conf 24 7

Carlson, B.A., Nightingale, K.K., Belk, K.E., (2008) "Not all bugs are created equal" NAMP Newsline 66 56

(2008) Post-slaughter traceability Meat Sci 80 66-74

(2008) Recovering value from beef carcasses classified as dark cutters by United States Department of Agriculture graders J Anim Sci 86 1658-1668

Byelashov, O.A., Daskalov, H., Geornaras, I., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Reduction of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters by lactic acid treatments applied at various temperatures" Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting

Murphy, R.G.L., Pendell, D.L., Morris, D.L., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) Review: Animal Identification Systems in North America The Prof. Anim. Scientist 24 277–286

Bowling, M.B., Pendell, D.L., Morris, D.L., Yoon, Y., Katoh, K., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) Review: Identification and traceability of cattle in selected countries outside of North America The Prof. Anim. Scientist 24 287–294

Bass, P.D., Pendell, D.L., Morris, D.L., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Field, T.G., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2008) Review: Sheep traceability systems in selected countries outside of North America The Prof. Anim. Scientist 24 302–307

Meisinger, J.L., Pendell, D.L., Morris, D.L., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2008) Review: Swine traceability systems in selected countries outside of North America Prof. Anim. Scientist 24 295–301

(2008) Risk Associated with Transportation and Lairage on Hide Contamination with Salmonella enterica in Finished Beef Cattle at Slaughter J Food Prot 71 2228-2232

(2008) Studies to evaluate chemicals and conditions with low-pressure applications for reducing microbial counts on cattle hides J Food Prot 71 1343-1348

Adler, J.M., Geornaras, I., Byelashov, O.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in meat brining solutions with antimicrobials" Animal Sciences Research Report

Woerner, D.R., Belk, K.E., (2008) "The History of Instrument Assessment of Beef – A Focus on the Last 10 Years" National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

Bowling, M.B., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2008) "The Multiple and Sequential Use of Carcass Microbiological Interventions on Beef Carcasses" European Union Scientific Committee, January

(2008) Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157 J Food Prot 71 1349-1356

Smith, G.C., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (2008) "Trends in value-added marketing; challenges and similarities among branded beef products; importance of animal welfare" Proc. Beef Improvement Federation 40th Ann. Res. Symposium and Meeting 40 18–20

Rodríguez-Marval, M., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Use of hot water for inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes inoculated on frankfurters formulated with or without antimicrobials (poster" Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting

Dourou, D., Simpson, C.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Koutsoumanis, K., Nychas, G.-J.E., Sofos, J.N., (2008) "Variation on the attachment and biofilm formation among Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains on stainless steel surfaces under two inoculation scenarios" Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting

Garcia, L G, Nicholson, K L, Hoffman, Travis, Lawrence, T E, Hale, D S, Griffin, D B, Savell, J W, Vanoverbeke, D L, Morgan, Jeri, Belk, Keith, Field, T G, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2008) National Beef Quality Audit-2005: survey of targeted cattle and carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, and value of fed steers and heifers. Journal of animal science 86 12 3533-43

Carlson, B A, Ruby, J, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, Bellinger, G R, Warren-Serna, W, Centrella, B, Bowling, R A, Belk, Keith, (2008) Comparison of antimicrobial efficacy of multiple beef hide decontamination strategies to reduce levels of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella. Journal of food protection 71 11 2223-7

Dewell, G A, Simpson, C A, Dewell, R D, Hyatt, Doreene R, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Morley, Paul S, Grandin, Temple, Smith, Gary C, Dargatz, D A, Wagner, B A, Salman, Mo D, (2008) Risk associated with transportation and lairage on hide contamination with Salmonella enterica in finished beef cattle at slaughter. Journal of food protection 71 11 2228-32

Smith, Gary C, Pendell, Dustin L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, (2008) Post-slaughter traceability. Meat science 80 1 66-74

Bass, P D, Scanga, J A, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Smith, Gary C, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, (2008) Recovering value from beef carcasses classified as dark cutters by United States Department of Agriculture graders. Journal of animal science 86 7 1658-68

Carlson, B A, Geornaras, Gina, Yoon, Y, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2008) Studies to evaluate chemicals and conditions with low-pressure applications for reducing microbial counts on cattle hides. Journal of food protection 71 7 1343-8

Mukherjee, A, Yoon, Y, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2008) Thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef treated with marination and tenderization ingredients. Journal of food protection 71 7 1349-56

Dewell, G A, Simpson, C A, Dewell, R D, Hyatt, Doreene R, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Morley, Paul S, Grandin, Temple, Smith, Gary C, Dargatz, D A, Wagner, B A, Salman, Mo D, (2008) Impact of transportation and lairage on hide contamination with Escherichia coli O157 in finished beef cattle. Journal of food protection 71 6 1114-8

Byelashov, O A, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, (2008) Control of Listeria monocytogenes on vacuum-packaged frankfurters sprayed with lactic acid alone or in combination with sodium lauryl sulfate. Journal of food protection 71 4 728-34

Dewell, R D, Hoffman, Travis, Woerner, Dale Ray, Belk, Keith, Whalen, Lawrence Ray, Fails, Anna Dee, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Salman, Mo D, (2008) Estimated compliance for removal of specified risk materials from 18 U.S. beef packing plants. Journal of food protection 71 3 573-7

Bowling, M B, Yemm, R S, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, Scanga, J A, (2008) An evaluation of central nervous system cross-contamination due to carcass splitting in commercial beef-packing plants. Journal of food protection 71 1 83-92

(2007) "Comparison of immunochemical (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and immunohistochemical methods for the detection of central nervous system tissue in meat products," a comment on J Food Prot 70 277-279

Bowling, M.B., Yemm, R.S., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., (2007) "3rd place poster: An Evaluation of Central Nervous System Cross-Contamination Due to Carcass Splitting in Commercial Beef Packing Plants" Reciprocal Meats Conference

Geornaras, I., Yoon, Y., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2007) "Activity of ε-polylysine against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes in food extracts" 67th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists

Bass, P.D., Tatum, J.D., Scanga, J.A., Chapman, P.L., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2007) "Adding value to non-conforming “out” carcasses" Final report to: National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, 9110 East Nichols Avenue, Centennial, Colorado 80112-3450

(2007) Antimcrobial activity of epsilon-polylyrsine against Escherichia coli O157 J Food Sci 72 M330-M334

Smith, G.C., LeValley, S.B., Pendell, D.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Field, T.G., Wailes, W.R., (2007) "Assessing The Impact Of The National Animal Identification System (NAIS) With Regard to Beef, Pork And Lamb Harvesting And Rendering Facilities In The United States" Proceedings of the Initial NAIS Seminar: Assessing The Impact Of NAIS With Regard To Beef, Pork And Lamb Harvesting And Rendering Facilities In The US (March 13, 2007 103–104

Bass, P.D., Belk, K.E., Bowling, M.B., Field, T.G., Geleta, S.H., LeValley, S.B., Meisinger, J.M., Murphy, R.G.L., Pendell, D.L., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Wailes, W.R., (2007) "Assessing The Impact Of The National Animal Identification System (NSIA) With Regard To Beef, Pork And Lamb Harvesting And Rendering Facilities In The US" Final Report to the USDA-APHIS-VS 1–61

Belk, K.E., (2007) "Biosecurity for animal health and food safety" Livestock Handling and Transport, 3rd Edition

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., (2007) "BSE In North America" Proceedings of the Western Veterinary Conference (February 20, 2007 V442 8–13

Byelashov, O.A., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., (2007) "Control of Listeria monocytogenes on vacuum-packaged frankfurters sprayed with lactic acid alone or in combination with sodium lauryl sulfate" Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting 28 – August 1

(2007) Decontamination of beef subprimal cuts intended for blade tenderization or moisture enhancement J Food Prot 70 1174-1180

Hoffman, T.W., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Field, T.G., Smith, G.C., (2007) "Economic Impacts of Dairy Cows Affected by DBQA." Dairy Beef Quality Assurance program of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

(2007) Effect of acid adaptation on growth during storage at 10 degrees C and resistance to simulated gastric fluid of Listeria monocytogenes inoculated onto bologna formulated with or without antimicrobials J Food Prot 70 65-69

Simpson, C.A., Byelashov, O., Geornaras, I., Kendall, P.A., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2007) "Effect of freezing, thawing method, and aerobic storage on the fate of Listeria monocytogenes during home storage of frankfurters" 94th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection

Mukherjee, A., Yoon, Y., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., (2007) "Evaluate Survival/Growth During Frozen, Refrigerated, Or Retail Type Storage, And Thermal Resistance, Following Storage Of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Contamination On Or In Marinated, Tenderized Or Restructured Beef Steaks And Roasts Which Will Minimize Survival Or Enhance Destruction Of The Pathogen" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–84

Murphy, R.G.L., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Field, T.G., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Pendell, D.L., Smith, G.C., (2007) "Evaluation Of Animal Identification Systems In The United States Of America, Canada And Mexico" Proceedings of the Initial NAIS Seminar: Assessing The Impact Of NAIS With Regard To Beef, Pork And Lamb Harvesting And Rendering Facilities In The US 32–46

Bass, P.D., Scanga, J.A., Field, K.E.Belk T.G., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Pendell, D.L., Smith, G.C., (2007) "Evaluation Of Sheep Traceability Systems In Countries Other Than Canada, USA And Mexico" Proceedings of the Initial NAIS Seminar: Assessing The Impact Of NAIS With Regard To Beef, Pork And Lamb Harvesting And Rendering Facilities In The US 73–82

Meisinger, J.M., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Field, T.G., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Pendell, D.L., Smith, G.C., (2007) "Evaluation Of Swine And Pork Traceability Systems In Countries Other Than Canada, The United States Of America And Mexico" Proceedings of the Initial NAIS Seminar: Assessing The Impact Of NAIS With Regard To Beef, Pork And Lamb Harvesting And Rendering Facilities In The US 47–57

Smith, G.C., Hossner, K.L., Engle, T.E., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Grandin, Temple, Tatum, J.D., (2007) "FAQs Regarding Organic Beef" Proceedings of the Western Veterinary Conference V443 14–22

(2007) Fate of Listeria monocytogenes in commercial ham, formulated with or without antimicrobials, under conditions simulating contamination in the processing or retail environment and during home storage J Food Prot 70 378-385

Carlson, B.A., Nightingale, K.K., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2007) "Investigation of the persistence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a fed cattle population" Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University 80523–1171

Murphy, R.G.L., Pendell, D.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2007) "Lessons For The United States Learned From The Canadian Livestock Industries" Proceedings of the Final NAIS Seminar: Assessing The Impact Of NAIS With Regard To Beef, Pork And Lamb Harvesting And Rendering Facilities In The US 29–47

(2007) Modeling the effect of inoculum size and acid adaptation on growth/no growth interface of Escherichia coli O157 Int J Food Microbiol 120 237-249

Carlson, B.A., Nightingale, K.K., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2007) "Pre-Harvest Carriage and Diversity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Feedlot Cattle" 94th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection

Carlson, B.A., Nightingale, K.K., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2007) "Pre-Harvest Investigation and Characterization of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Persistence in a Population of Feedlot Cattle" 107th General Meeting of the American Society of Microbiology,

Smith, G.C., Pendell, D.L., LeValley, S.B., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Field, T.G., (2007) "Results Of Site-Visitations" Proceedings of the Final NAIS Seminar: Assessing The Impact Of NAIS With Regard To Beef, Pork And Lamb Harvesting And Rendering Facilities In The US 48–68

Woerner, D.R., Murphy, R.G.L., Katoh, K., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2007) "Standard Industry Guide for Beef Yield and Cutout" Final report to: National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, 9110 East Nichols Avenue, Centennial, Colorado 80112-3450 1–3

Skandamis, P N, Stopforth, J D, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2007) Modeling the effect of inoculum size and acid adaptation on growth/no growth interface of Escherichia coli O157:H7. International journal of food microbiology 120 3 237-49

Geornaras, Gina, Yoon, Y, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2007) Antimicrobial activity of epsilon-polylysine against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes in various food extracts. Journal of food science 72 8 M330-4

Heller, C E, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Warren-Serna, W, Bellinger, G R, Bacon, R T, Rossman, M L, Smith, Gary C, (2007) Decontamination of beef subprimal cuts intended for blade tenderization or moisture enhancement. Journal of food protection 70 5 1174-80

Lianou, A, Geornaras, Gina, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2007) Fate of Listeria monocytogenes in commercial ham, formulated with or without antimicrobials, under conditions simulating contamination in the processing or retail environment and during home storage. Journal of food protection 70 2 378-85

Bowling, M B, Belk, Keith, Nightingale, K K, Goodridge, Lawrence, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2007) Central nervous system tissue in meat products: an evaluation of risk, prevention strategies, and testing procedures. Advances in food and nutrition research 53 39-64

Formato, G, Geornaras, Gina, Barmpalia, I M, Skandamis, P N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2007) Effect of acid adaptation on growth during storage at 10 degrees C and resistance to simulated gastric fluid of Listeria monocytogenes inoculated onto bologna formulated with or without antimicrobials. Journal of food protection 70 1 65-9

Murphy, R.G.L., Scanga, J.A., Powers, B.E., Nash, P.B., VerCauteren, K.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2006) "Alkaline Hydrolysis of Prion-Positive Materials for Production of Non-Ruminant Feed" National Carcass Disposal Symposium

Simpson, C.A., Ransom, J.R., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2006) Changes in microbiological populations on beef carcass surfaces exposed to air- or spray-chilling and characterization of hot box practices Food Prot. Trends 26 226–235

(2006) Comparison of immunochemical (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and immunohistochemical methods for the detection of central nervous system tissue in meat products J Food Prot 69 644-650

(2006) Comparison of immunochemical (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and immunohistochemical methods for the detection of central nervous system tissue in meat products (vol 69, pg 644, 2004) J Food Prot 69 2318-2318

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Nightingale, K.K., Goodridge, L.D., (2006) "Controlling Foodborne Pathogens In Cattle" Proceedings of the Western Veterinary Conference (February 20, 2007 V44 23–31

(2006) Detection of central nervous system tissue on meat and carcass-splitting band saw blade surfaces using modified fluorescent glial fibrillary acidic protein enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay sampling and extraction procedures J Food Prot 69 1966-1970

Carlson, B.A.M.B.Bowling, Ruby, John Raymond, Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Bellinger, G.R., Warren-Serna, W., Centrella, B., Wood, Sienna M, Bowling, R.A., Smith, G.C., (2006) "Determination Of The Most Effective Intervention Strategy For Microbiological Reduction On Cattle Hides Prior To Removal" Final Report Submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–23

(2006) Determining the prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle and beef from the feedlot to the cooler J Food Prot 69 2824-2827

Lianou, A., Geornaras, I., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2006) "Effect of antimicrobials, point of inoculation and home storage conditions on Listeria monocytogenes growth on commercial uncured turkey breast" 93rd Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 5–28

Bass, P.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2006) "Effects of 5% lactic acid applications on Enterobacteriaceae levels and prevalence of Salmonella in low temperature edible rendering" Final Report to Cargill Meat Solutions, Inc

(2006) Effects of postmortem aging and USDA quality grade on Warner-Bratzler shear force values of seventeen individual beef muscles J Anim Sci 84 3387-3396

Bass, P., Scanga, J., Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2006) "Evaluation of Ground Beef Patties With Varying Amounts of Lean Finely Textured Beef" Final Report to Beef Products, Inc 1–5

Geornaras, I., Formatto, G., Barmpalia, I.M., Skandamis, P.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Kendall, P.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2006) "Fate of acid adapted and non-acid adapted Listeria monocytogenes on bologna formulated with and without antimicrobials, during storage at 10°C and exposure to simulated gastric fluid" FoodMicro 2006, the 20th International ICFMH Symposium 29 –

(2006) Fate of inoculated Escherichia coli O157 J Food Prot 69 1273-1279

Carlson, B.A., Nightingale, K.K., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2006) "Identification and Evaluation of Cattle Persistently Shedding vs. Cattle Non-Persistently Shedding Escherichia coli O157:H7" Final Research Report submitted to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–30

Carlson, B.A., Bowling, M.B., Ruby, John Raymond, Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Bellinger, G.R., Warren-Serna, W., Centrella, B., Wood, Sienna M, Bowling, R.A., Smith, G.C., (2006) "Identification of an effective strategy for microbiological reduction on cattle hides" 93rd Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 1–11

Rovira, P.J., Scanga, J.A., Grandin, Temple, Kossner, K., Yemm, R., Dewell, G.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2006) "Identification Of Humane Cattle Stunning Systems That Minimize The Likelihood Of Central Nervous System Tissue Entering The Circulatory System" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–18

(2006) Impact of inoculum preparation and storage conditions on the response of Escherichia coli O157 Appl Environ Microbiol 72 672-679

Gruber, S.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2006) "Industry guide for beef aging" National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 80112-3450 303–694–0305

Yoon, Y., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2006) "Modeling to predict the growth/no growth and selected growth limit boundaries of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat products as a function of lactic acid concentration, dipping time and storage temperature" 93rd Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 6–03

(2006) Molecular characterization of Escherichia coli O157 J Food Prot 69 1240-1247

Smith, Gary C, Savell, J., Morgan, Brad, Lawrence, T., Belk, Keith, Field, T., Garcia, L., Griffin, D., Hale, D., Hoffman, T., Scanga, J., Tatum, D., VanOverbeke, D., Voges, K., Ruppert, R., Cowman, G., Braly, J., Reagan, J., (2006) "National Beef Quality Audit—2005: A New Benchmark for the US Beef Industry: “Staying On Track" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (Centennial, CO 1–126

Smith, G.C., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., (2006) "Post-harvest practices for enhancing beef tenderness" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–132

(2006) Post-processing application of chemical solutions for control of Listeria monocytogenes, cultured under different conditions, on commercial smoked sausage formulated with and without potassium lactate-sodium diacetate Food Microbiol 23 762-771

(2006) Postprocess control of Listeria monocytogenes on commercial frankfurters formulated with and without antimicrobials and stored at 10 degrees C J Food Prot 69 53-61

R., Woerner D., Ransom, J.R., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2006) Preharvest Processes for Microbial Control in Cattle Feedinfo News Service Scientific Reviews

Woerner, D.R., Ransom, J.R., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2006) "Preharvest processes for microbial control in cattle" Food Prot. Trends 26 393–400

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Field, T.G., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Savell, J.W., Morgan, J.B., Lawrence, T.E., Cowman, G.L., (2006) "Preliminary Report: National Beef Quality Audit—2005; A New Benchmark For The U.S. Beef Industry" Preliminary Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–301

Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Field, T.G., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2006) Relative importance of weight, quality grade, and yield grade as drivers of beef carcass value in two grid-pricing systems Prof. Anim. Sci 22 41–47

Sofos, J.N., Simpson, C.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2006) "Salmonella interventions for beef" Proc. 59th AMSA Recip. Meat Conf 11–24

Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2006) "Selling Pork in International Markets" Proc. 2006 Pork Academy 1–9

Bowling, M.B., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Engle, T.E., Scanga, J.A., Engle, T.E., Stopforth, J.D., M.Samadpour, R.S.Yemm, JPaterson, , (2006) Supplementation of Feedlot cattle with Octanoic Acid for three days pre-harvest to reduce risk of contamination with Escherischia coli O157:H7 Proc. Recip. Meat Conf

(2006) The effects of cattle sex on carcass characteristics and longissimus muscle palatability J Anim Sci 84 1820-1826

Bowling, M.B., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Nightingale, K.K., Goodridge, L.D., Smith, G.C., (2006) "The Multiple and Sequential Use of Carcass microbiological interventions on Beef Carcasses" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Bowling, M.B., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Nightingale, K.K., Goodridge, L.D., Smith, G.C., (2006) "The Multiple and Sequential Use of Carcass microbiological interventions on Pork Carcasses" Final Report to the National Pork Producer’s Council, Washington, DC

Bowling, M.B., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., (2006) "Warner Bratzler Shear Force values of SWIFT Steaks" Final Report Submitted to Swift and Company, Greeley, CO

Woerner, Dale Ray, Ransom, J R, Sofos, John N, Dewell, G A, Smith, Gary C, Salman, Mo D, Belk, Keith, (2006) Determining the prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle and beef from the feedlot to the cooler. Journal of food protection 69 12 2824-7

Gruber, S L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Scanga, J A, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2006) Effects of postmortem aging and USDA quality grade on Warner-Bratzler shear force values of seventeen individual beef muscles. Journal of animal science 84 12 3387-96

Geornaras, Gina, Skandamis, P N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2006) Post-processing application of chemical solutions for control of Listeria monocytogenes, cultured under different conditions, on commercial smoked sausage formulated with and without potassium lactate-sodium diacetate. Food microbiology 23 8 762-71

Reddy, M C, Hossner, Kim L, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Yemm, R S, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, (2006) Detection of central nervous system tissue on meat and carcass-splitting band saw blade surfaces using modified fluorescent glial fibrillary acidic protein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay sampling and extraction procedures. Journal of food protection 69 8 1966-70

Choat, W T, Paterson, J A, Rainey, B M, King, M C, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, Lipsey, R J, (2006) The effects of cattle sex on carcass characteristics and longissimus muscle palatability. Journal of animal science 84 7 1820-6

Ashton, Laura Vari, Geornaras, Gina, Stopforth, J D, Skandamis, P N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2006) Fate of inoculated Escherichia coli O157:H7, cultured under different conditions, on fresh and decontaminated beef transitioned from vacuum to aerobic packaging. Journal of food protection 69 6 1273-9

Childs, K D, Simpson, C A, Warren-Serna, W, Bellenger, G, Centrella, B, Bowling, R A, Ruby, J, Stefanek, J, Vote, D J, Choat, T, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2006) Molecular characterization of Escherichia coli O157:H7 hide contamination routes: feedlot to harvest. Journal of food protection 69 6 1240-7

Hossner, Kim L, Yemm, R S, Sonnenshein, S E, Mason, Gary L, Cummings, Bruce A, Reddy, M C, Sofos, John N, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, (2006) Comparison of immunochemical (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and immunohistochemical methods for the detection of central nervous system tissue in meat products. Journal of food protection 69 3 644-50

Stopforth, J D, Skandamis, P N, Ashton, Laura Vari, Geornaras, Gina, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2006) Impact of inoculum preparation and storage conditions on the response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 populations to undercooking and simulated exposure to gastric fluid. Applied and environmental microbiology 72 1 672-9

Geornaras, Gina, Skandamis, P N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2006) Post process control of Listeria monocytogenes on commercial frankfurters formulated with and without antimicrobials and stored at 10 degrees C. Journal of food protection 69 1 53-61

Bowling, M.B., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Hossner, K.L., Yemm, R.S., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2005) "A comparison of residual GFAP levels on the blade, in the nose wheel housing and in the drive wheel housing of the Jarvis Buster IX and Buster IV carcass splitting saws before and after dipping" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Bowling, M.B., Belk, K.E., Hossner, K.L., Yemm, R.S., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2005) "An evaluation of central nervous system (CNS) cross-contamination due to carcass splitting in commercial beef packing plants using glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Bowling, M.B., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Hossner, K.L., Yemm, R.S., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2005) "An evaluation of the ability of commercial carcass washing cabinets to remove glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) from beef carcasses" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

(2005) Benchmarking value in the pork supply chain Meat Sci 70 91-97

(2005) Benchmarking value in the pork supply chain Meat Sci 70 121-131

(2005) Benchmarking value in the pork supply chain Meat Sci 71 451-463

Simpson, C.A., Ransom, J.R., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Changes in microbiological populations on beef carcass surfaces exposed to air- or spray-chilling and characterization of hot box practices" Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University

(2005) Combinations of nisin with organic acids or salts to control Listeria monocytogenes on sliced pork bologna stored at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages Lebensm-Wiss Technol-Food Sci Technol 38 21-28

(2005) Combinations of nisin with organic acids or salts to control Listeria monocytogenes on sliced pork bologna stored at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages LWT-Food Sci Technol 38 21-28

Sofos, J.N., Barmpalia, I.M., Geornaras, I., Yoon, Y., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Comparison of use of activated lactoferrin with use of a “gold standard” combination/concentration of antimicrobials for post-processing control of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat meat products" Final Report to the American Meat Institute Foundation, Alexandria, VA

Smith, G.C., Hossner, K.L., Engle, T.E., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Grandin, Temple, Tatum, J.D., (2005) "Conventional, natural, grass-fed and organic beef; Fact Sheet" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–49

Heller, C.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Decontamination of beef cuts, intended for blade/needle or moisture-enhancement tenderization by surface trimming vs. rinsing with solutions of hot (82C) water, warm (55C) lactic acid or activated lactoferrin plus warm (55C) lactic acid" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Heller, C., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Bacon, R.T., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Decontamination of beef cuts, intended for blade/needle or moisture-enhancement tenderization, by surface trimming vs. rinsing with solutions of hot (82C) water, warm (55C) lactic acid or activated lactoferrin plus warm (55C) lactic acid" 92nd Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 2–04

Heller, C.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Bacon, R.T., Huffman, R.F., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Determination of residual effects of 2.5% and 5.0% lactic acid application to beef subprimals on aerobic bacteria, L-lactate levels and retained moisture" Report to the USDA Food Safety Inspection Service

(2005) Effect of antimicrobials as ingredients of pork bologna for Listeria monocytogenes control during storage at 4 or 10 degrees C Food Microbiol 22 205-211

Barmpalia, Ioanna M, Koutsoumanis, Kostantinos P, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, John A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2005) Effect of antimicrobials as ingredients of pork bologna for Listeria monocytogenes control during storage at 4 or 10°C Food Microbiology 22 2 205–211

Dewell, R., Simpson, Katie M, Dewell, G., Grandin, Temple, Scanga, J., Hyatt, Doreene R, Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Salman, Mo D, (2005) Effect of stress in cattle during transportation and lairage on prevalence of E. coli O157 and Salmonellae International Symposium for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics

Dewell, G., Dewell, R., Simpson, C., Patterson, G., Hyatt, Doreene R, Scanga, J., Morley, Paul S, Belk, Keith, Grandin, Temple, Smith, Gary C, Salman, Mo D, (2005) "Effect of transportation and lairage on E. coli O157 and Salmonella spp" 2006 International Symposium for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics

Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2005) "Effect of ε-Polylysine against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes" Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University

(2005) Effects of marbling and shear force on consumers' willingness to pay for beef strip loin steaks J Anim Sci 83 890-899

Gruber, S.L., Tatum, J.D., Engle, T.E., Mitchell, M.A., Laudert, S.B., Schroeder, A.L., Platter, W.J., Belk, Keith, (2005) Effects of ractopamine on growth performance and carcass characteristics of feedlot steers differing in biological type J. Anim. Sci 83 Suppl. 1

Bowling, M.B., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Hossner, K.L., Yemm, R.S., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Evaluation of splitting saw washing procedures to remove CNS tissue" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Carpenter, B., O’Connor, M., Feil, M., Ransom, Jason I, Wise, J., Yates, L., Koohmarie, M., Hrubovcak, J., Belk, Keith, Scanga, J., Smith, Gary C, (2005) "Final Report to the Government of Japan on the USDA maturity study: Determining the relationship between chronological and physiological age in the U.S. fed-beef population" Final Report to the Government of Japan 1–48

Carlson, B.A., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Further study of hide-on carcass washing to identify alternative chemicals/conditions for lowering microbial indicator counts and incidence of E. Coli O157:H7 on incoming slaughter cattle" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

P.J., Rovira, Scanga, J.A., Grandin, Temple, Hossner, Kim L, Yemm, R., Dewell, G.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Identification of humane cattle stunning systems that minimize likelihood of central nervous system tissue entering the circulatory system" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO

Scanga, J.A., Morgan, J.B., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Improving the accuracy of tenderness categorization of beef carcasses by augmenting measurements of light reflectance (from the surface of the ribeye muscle) in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum (by use of the BeefCAM®) with measurements of near-infrared spectral reflectance (by use of the OSU spectral reflectance tenderness prediction instrument" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

Gruber, S.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Industry guide for beef aging" Summary Report for the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and the Cattlemen’s Beef Board

Belk, K.E., (2005) "Managing pathogen contamination on the farm" Improving the Safety of Fresh Meat 978–1–85573–955–0

Yoon, Y., Geornaras, I., Barmpalia, I.M., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Modeling the growth/no growth interface of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat products as a function of lactic acid concentrations and dipping time and storage" 92nd Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 1–02

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Opportunities for production of natural or organic beef" Proceedings of the Colorado Nutrition Roundtable 1–5

(2005) Postprocessing antimicrobial treatments to control Listeria monocytogenes in commercial vacuum-packaged bologna and ham stored at 10 degrees C J Food Prot 68 991-998

(2005) Prevalence of and risk factors for Escherichia coli O157 in market-ready beef cattle from 12 US feedlots Foodborne Pathog Dis 2 70-76

Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Field, T.G., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Relative Importance of Weight, Quality Grade, and Yield Grade as Drivers of Beef Carcass Value in Two Grid- Pricing Systems" Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University

Stopforth, J.D., Ashton, L.V., Skandamis, P.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., (2005) Single and sequential treatment of beef tissue with lactic acid, ammonium hydroxide, sodium metasilicate, and acidic and basic oxidized water to reduce numbers of inoculated Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium Food Prot. Trends 25 14–22

Simpson, C.A., Childs, K., Warren-Serna, W., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Sources of beef contamination with Escherichia coli O157:H7 from feedlot to harvest floor" 92nd Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 1–25

Carlson, B.A., Geornaras, I., Yoon, Y., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2005) "Studies to evaluate chemicals/conditions for lowering microbial counts on cattle hides" 92nd Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 3–09

(2005) Traceability from a US perspective Meat Sci 71 174-193

Heller, C.E., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Bacon, R.T., Scanga, J.A., (2005) "Use of warm (55 oC) 2.5% or 5.0% lactic acid for: (a) reducing microbial counts on beef subprimal cuts and beef trimmings following fabrication, and (b) reducing incidence of E. coli O157:H7 in combo-bins of beef trimmings and inside (in the interior) beef cuts subjected to blade/needle or moisture-enhancement tenderization" Final Report to the American Meat Institute Foundation

Belk, Keith, Field, T., (2005) "Verify Age: Initiate program to identify birth dates of calves now!" Drovers 5

Wright, L I, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Engle, Terry E, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Person, R C, McKenna, D R, Griffin, D B, McKeith, F K, Savell, J W, Smith, Gary C, (2005) Benchmarking value in the pork supply chain: Characterization of US pork in the retail marketplace. Meat science 71 3 451-63

Smith, Gary C, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Grandin, Temple, Sofos, John N, (2005) Traceability from a US perspective. Meat science 71 1 174-93

Person, R C, McKenna, D R, Ellebracht, J W, Griffin, D B, McKeith, F K, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Savell, J W, (2005) Benchmarking value in the pork supply chain: Processing and consumer characteristics of hams manufactured from different quality raw materials. Meat science 70 1 91-7

Person, R C, McKenna, D R, Griffin, D B, McKeith, F K, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Savell, J W, (2005) Benchmarking value in the pork supply chain: Processing characteristics and consumer evaluations of pork bellies of different thicknesses when manufactured into bacon. Meat science 70 1 121-31

Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2005) Postprocessing antimicrobial treatments to control Listeria monocytogenes in commercial vacuum-packaged bologna and ham stored at 10 degrees C. Journal of food protection 68 5 991-8

Platter, W J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Koontz, Stephen R, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Smith, Gary C, (2005) Effects of marbling and shear force on consumers' willingness to pay for beef strip loin steaks. Journal of animal science 83 4 890-9

Dewell, G A, Ransom, J R, Dewell, R D, McCurdy, K, Gardner, I A, Hill, A E, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Salman, Mo D, (2005) Prevalence of and risk factors for Escherichia coli O157 in market-ready beef cattle from 12 U.S. feedlots. Foodborne pathogens and disease 2 1 70-6

Ashton, L.V., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2004) "Acid tolerances Of Listeria monocytogenes During Storage Of Inoculated Bologna Or Ham Exposed To Antimicrobial Solutions" 2004 Animal Sciences Research Reports 15–19

Rose, S.E., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Hossner, K.L., Smith, G.C., (2004) "An Evaluation Of Lactic Acid Treatment Of Fresh Beef Trimmings On Microbiological, Chemical, And Sensory Properties" 2004 Animal Sciences Research Reports 1–4

Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Kendall, P.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2004) "Antimicrobial Dipping Treatments To Control Listeria monocytogenes In Commercial Frankfurters And Smoked Sausages" 2004 Animal Sciences Research Reports 32–26

Geornaras, I., Skandamis, P.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Kendall, P.A., (2004) "Antimicrobial treatments to control Listeria monocytogenes, cultured under different conditions, on commercial frankfurters formulated with and without antimicrobials during storage at 10C" 2004 Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists

Geornaras, I., Barmpalia, I.M., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Kendall, P.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2004) "Antimicrobial treatments to control the growth of Listeria monocytogenes following post-processing contamination of commercial bologna and ham" 2004 Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection

Scanga, J.A., Phelps, W.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., Wailes, W.R., Umberger, W.J., Koontz, S.R., Garry, F.B., Cunningham, W., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Bio-Waste Disposal And Utilization" Proceedings of the Bio-Waste Disposal Conference 1–101

Phelps, W.A., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Bio-Waste Disposal And Utilization In Colorado" Final Report to the Colorado Department of Higher Education, Denver, CO 1–192

Scanga, J.A., Behrends, E.R., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Comparison Of Wholesale Pork Product Palatability, Retail Product Yield And Conformance To John Morrell Wholesale Cut Specifications" Final Report to John Morrell and Company, a division of Smithfield Foods, Tar Heel, NC 1–76

(2004) Control of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters with antimicrobials in the formulation and by dipping in organic acid solutions J Food Prot 67 2456-2464

Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Kendall, P.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2004) "Control Of Listeria monocytogenes On Inoculated Commercial Ham And Bologna Slices By Dipping In Antimicrobial Solutions" 2004 Animal Sciences Research Reports 27–31

Stopforth, J.D., Ashton, L.V., Skandamis, P.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2004) "Decontamination interventions to reduce Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium on beef carcass tissue" 2004 Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection

Machado, T.J., Gruber, S.L., Vote, D.J., Platter, W.J., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Determining Profitability And Performance Differences Caused By Variation In Frame Size And Muscular Level In Stocker Cattle; Effects Of Using Alternative Stocker-Phase Feeding Programs On Cattle Performance And Carcass Merit; Effects Of Stocker And Finishing Phase Implant Protocols On Beef Heifer Performance And Carcass Characteristics" Final Report to the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK 1–43

(2004) Development and validation of equations utilizing lamb vision system output to predict lamb carcass fabrication yields J Anim Sci 82 2069-2076

Gruber, S.L., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Development Of A Beef Muscle “Aging Index” For Purposes Of Managing Beef Palatability At The Consumption Level—Long Term Muscles" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–34

Gruber, S.L., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Development Of A Beef Muscle “Aging Index” For Purposes Of Managing Beef Palatability At The Consumption Level—Short Term Muscles" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–35

(2004) Do organic animal husbandry practices make beef and dairy products safer? Abstr Pap Am Chem Soc 228 023-AGRO

Barmpalia, I.M., Koutsoumanis, K.P., Geornaras, I., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Kendall, P.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2004) Effect of antimicrobials as ingredients of pork bologna for Listeria monocytogenes control during storage at 4or 10 oC Food Microbiology 22 205–211

(2004) Effect of simulated spray chilling with chemical solutions on acid-habituated and non-acid-habituated Escherichia coli O157 J Food Prot 67 2099-2106

(2004) Effect of single or sequential hot water and lactic acid decontamination treatments on the survival and growth of Listeria monocytogenes and spoilage microflora during aerobic storage of fresh beef at 4, 10, and 25 degrees C J Food Prot 67 2703-2711

Dewell, R.D., Dewell, G.A., Belk, K.E., Morley, P.S., Smith, G.C., Salman, M.D., (2004) "Effect of transportation and lairage on Escherichia coli O157 in beef cattle: Pilot Study" Conference for Research Workers in Animal Disease

Ransom, J.R., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2004) Effectiveness of activated and non-activated lactoferrin, lactic acid and water in reducing Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella Typhimurium populations on fresh and ready-to-eat beef products Proc. Reciprocal Meat Conference 57 67

(2004) Effects of lactic acid treatments on microbiological, chemical, and sensory properties of stored fresh beef trimmings J Anim Sci 82 126-127

(2004) Effects of lactic acid treatments on microbiological, chemical, and sensory properties of stored fresh beef trimmings Poult Sci 83 126-127

(2004) Effects of lactic acid treatments on microbiological, chemical, and sensory properties of stored fresh beef trimmings J Dairy Sci 87 126-127

Carlson, B.A., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Evaluation Of Perfect BloomTM Case Ready Packaging" Final Report to Swift & Company, Greeley, CO 1–25

Hossner, K.L., Belk, K.E., Yemm, R.S., Mason, G.L., Cummings, B.A., Sonnenshein, S., Reddy, M.C.S., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Improving Sensitivity, Precision & Repeatability Of The GFAP-ELISA For Detecting CNS Contamination In AMR-Generated Tissues Compared To The Immunohistochemical Protocol Used By USDA-FSIS" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–108

Ashton, L.V., Stopforth, J.D., Skandamis, P.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2004) "Influence of inoculum preparation procedure and spoilage flora on Escherichia coli O157:H7 on fresh beef stored under anaerobic conditions at 0, 4, 12 or 25C" 2004 Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection

(2004) Investigation of cattle feedlot management practices to reduce Escherichia coli O157 J Anim Sci 82 126-126

(2004) Investigation of cattle feedlot management practices to reduce Escherichia coli O157 J Dairy Sci 87 126-126

(2004) Investigation of cattle feedlot management practices to reduce Escherichia coli O157 Poult Sci 83 126-126

Ransom, J.R., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Engle, T.E., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Investigation Of On-Farm Management Practices As Pre-Harvest Beef Microbiological Interventions" Final Report—Addendum to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association Centennial, CO 1–26

Simpson, C.A., Childs, K., Warren-Serna, W., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Molecular Characterization of Escherichia coli O157:H7; Routes of Contamination from Feedlot to Harvest Floor" ICoMST

Ashton, L.V., Stopforth, J.D., Skandamis, P.N., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2004) nfluence Of Inoculum Preparation Procedure On Escherichia coli O157:H7 In Fresh Beef Stored Under Anaerobic Conditions 2004 Animal Sciences Research Reports 5–8

Sofos, J.N., Geornaras, I., Barmpalia, I.M., Stopforth, J.D., Ashton, L.V., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Optimization of antimicrobials for control of Listeria monocytogenes and for acceptable pork product quality" Proc. Pork Academy 2004 Conference 1–8

Hoffman, T.W., Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., LeValley, S.B., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2004) "Producing Consumer Products From Sheep: The Sheep Safety and Quality Assurance Program" Written For: The American Sheep Industry Association 1–87

Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., (2004) "Slaughter-Line Operation" Encyclopedia of Meat Science

Barmpalia, I.M., Geornaras, I., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2004) "Use Of Antimicrobials In The Formulation And As Dipping Solutions To Control Listeria monocytogenes In Pork Frankfurters" 2004 Animal Sciences Research Reports 20–26

Choat, W., Paterson, J., Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2004) "Vaccination as an intervention strategy for reduction of E. coli O157 during a 45-day preconditioning period" 2004 Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection

Paterson, J., Smith, Gary C, Belk, Keith, Choat, T., (2004) "Vaccination As An Intervention Strategy For Reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 During A 45-Day Pre-Conditioning Period" Final Report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–9

Koutsoumanis, K P, Ashton, Laura Vari, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2004) Effect of single or sequential hot water and lactic acid decontamination treatments on the survival and growth of listeria monocytogenes and spoilage microflora during aerobic storage of fresh beef at 4, 10, and 25 degrees C. Journal of food protection 67 12 2703-11

Barmpalia, I M, Geornaras, Gina, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2004) Control of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters with antimicrobials in the formulation and by dipping in organic acid solutions. Journal of food protection 67 11 2456-64

Stopforth, J D, Yoon, Y, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Kendall, Patricia A, Smith, Gary C, Sofos, John N, (2004) Effect of simulated spray chilling with chemical solutions on acid-habituated and non-acid-habituated Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells attached to beef carcass tissue. Journal of food protection 67 10 2099-106

Cunha, B C, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Levalley, Steve Byron, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2004) Development and validation of equations utilizing lamb vision system output to predict lamb carcass fabrication yields. Journal of animal science 82 7 2069-76

(2003) Accuracy and repeatability of beef carcass longissimus muscle area measurements J Anim Sci 81 1980-1988

Smith, G.C., Grandin, Temple, Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., (2003) "Adoption Of Animal Welfare Guidelines By Quick-Service Restaurants, Supply Chains And Supermarkets; Implications For Producers And Veterinarians. Conference Notes" 75th Annual Western Veterinary Conference 1–4

Rose, S.R., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Hossner, K.L., Smith, G.C., (2003) "An Evaluation Of Lactic Acid Treatment On Microbiological, Chemical And Sensory Properties Of Fresh Beef Trimmings" Final Report to Purac America, Inc 1–37

(2003) An evaluation of the lamb vision system as a predictor of lamb carcass red meat yield percentage J Anim Sci 81 1488-1498

Vote, D.J., Cunha, B.C.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2003) "An Evaluation Of The VIAScan Beef Carcass System (BCS) and the Computer Vision System (CVS) To Predict Beef Carcass Meat Yield Percentage And An Evaluation Of CVS Equipped With A BeefCam Module To Predict Beef Tenderness" Final Report to Uruguay National Institute of Agricultural Research (INIA 1–40

Barmpalia, I., Geornaras, I., Koutsoumanis, K., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Kendall, P.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2003) "Antimicrobials in the formulation of pork bologna for control of Listeria monocytogenes, inoculated after slicing and stored at 4C and 10C in vacuum packages" Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technologists

Wright, L.L., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Benchmarking Value In The Pork Supply Chain: Quantitative Strategies And Opportunities To Improve Quality" Final Report, Phases III and IV, to the American Meat Science Association, Savoy, IL 1–59

Gruber, S.L., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Cataloging Beef Muscles—Will They Perform For Consumers. A Comprehensive Review Of Muscle-Specific Research. Pp. 1-79" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

(2003) Comparative analysis of acid resistance between susceptible and multi-antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella strains cultured under stationary-phase acid tolerance-inducing and noninducing conditions J Food Prot 66 732-740

Ransom, J.R., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Stopforth, J.D., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2003) Comparison of intervention technologies for reducing Escherichia coli O157:H7 on beef cuts and trimmings Food Prot. Trends 23 1

Barmpalia, I.M., Geornaras, I., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2003) "Control of Listeria monocytogenes with antimicrobials in the formulation and by dipping in organic acids of post-processing inoculated pork frankfurters stored at 10C in vacuum packages" 90th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection

Ransom, J.R., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Dewell, G.D., McCurdy, K.S., Smith, G.C., Salman, M.D., (2003) "Determining the prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle and beef from the feedlot to the cooler" 90th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection

(2003) Effectiveness of the SmartMV prototype BeefCam System to sort beef carcasses into expected palatability groups J Anim Sci 81 441-448

Spears, J.W., Engle, T.E., Platter, W.R., Lloyd, K.E., Belk, K.E., Horton, J., (2003) Effects of high dietary calcium propionate and dietary cation-anion balance on calcium metabolism and longissimus muscle tenderness in finishing steers Prof. Anim. Scientist 19 424–428

(2003) Effects of repetitive use of hormonal implants on beef carcass quality, tenderness, and consumer ratings of beef palatability J Anim Sci 81 984-996

Machado, T.J., Belk, K.E., Engle, T.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Effects On Beef Tenderness By Supplementing Bio-Chlor To Feedlot Cattle" Final Report to Biovance Technologies, Inc 1–9

Dewell, G.D., Ransom, J.R., Dewell, R.D., Dargatz, D.A., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Salman, M.D., (2003) "Escherichia coli O157 finished beef cattle" 10th International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics symposium 17–21,

Ransom, J.R., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Geornaras, I., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Evaluation of cetylpyridium chloride for the reduction of bacterial populations on beef hide surfaces" 90th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 90:Abstract T48

Stopforth, J.D., Ashton, L.V., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Evaluation Of Existing And Proposed Or Novel Chemicals As Single And Sequential Fresh Beef Decontamination Interventions" Final Report to DuPont Food Industry Solutions and Food Safety Net Services, Ltd. 1–22

(2003) Evaluation of the E+V video image analysis system as a predictor of pork carcass meat yield J Anim Sci 81 1193-1201

Dewell, G.D., Ransom, J.R., McCurdy, K., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Salman, M.D., (2003) "Geographical difference in prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in finished beef cattle" American Association of Bovine Practitioners Annual Meeting. Abstract

Smith, G.C., Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Cowman, G.L., (2003) "Injection-Site Lesions In Steer/Heifer And Market Cow/Bull Beef: Effects On Consumer Perception, Wholesomeness And Palatability. Conference Notes, 75th" Annual Western Veterinary Conference 1–3

Ransom, J.R., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Engle, T.E., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Investigation Of On-Farm Management Practices As Pre-Harvest Beef Microbiological Interventions" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–16

Cross, R., Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Bellinger, G., Wood, Sienna M, (2003) "Micro-testing and beef safety" Meat & Poultry ue 69–75

Stopforth, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Microbial Profiles and Food Safety Intervention Studies at Packerland Plants" Final Report submitted to DuPont Food Industry Solutions 1–26

Smith, G.C., Savell, J.W., Morgan, J.B., Montgomery, T.H., Belk, K.E., Brooks, J.C., Carpenter, Z.L., Field, T.G., Griffin, D.B., Hale, D.S., Ray, F.K., Scanga, J.A., Roeber, D.L., McKenna, D.R., Bates, P.K., Schmidt, T.B., Cowman, G.L., Lloyd, R., Vorthmann, C.A., (2003) "NBQA—2000" Cattlemen’s Beef Board and National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–16

(2003) Online prediction of beef tenderness using a computer vision system equipped with a BeefCam module J Anim Sci 81 457-465

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Opportunities For Production Of Natural And Organic Beef" Proceedings of the 64th Annual Conference for Veterinarians 1–5

Dewell, G.D., Ransom, J.R., Dewell, R.D., Dargatz, D.A., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Salman, M.D., (2003) "Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in cattle and beef" Proc. 2nd Governor’s Conference on Ensuring Meat Safety 33

Ransom, J.R., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Dewell, G.D., McCurdy, K.S., Smith, G.C., Salman, M.D., (2003) "Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in feedlot cattle feces and on carcasses from those cattle" 90th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 17–21,

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., LeValley, S.B., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Rodgers, P., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Producing consumer products from sheep: The Sheep Safety and Quality Assurance Program" Animal Sciences Research Report—2003 67–70

(2003) Real-time augmentation of USDA yield grade application to beef carcasses using video image analysis J Anim Sci 81 2239-2246

(2003) Rebuttal of the consideration of fat thickness in models to predict beef carcass cutability J Anim Sci 81 2104-2105

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., (2003) "Reducing Incidence Of Meatborne Pathogens: Preharvest, Harvest And Postharvest Microbiological Interventions. Conference Notes" 75th Annual Western Veterinary Conference 1–4

(2003) Relationships of consumer sensory ratings, marbling score, and shear force value to consumer acceptance of beef strip loin steaks J Anim Sci 81 2741-2750

LeValley, S.B., Duffy, E.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Kimberling, C.V., (2003) "Sheep pathogen reduction interventions and animal production food safety practices" Animal Sciences Research Report—2003 71–74

Ransom, J.R., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Hossner, K.L., Childs, K.D., Yemm, R.S., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Susceptibility of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, And Listeria monocytogenes, Inoculated Onto Beef Tissues, Steaks And RTE Products, to Lactic Acid, Lactoferrin And Activated Lactoferrin" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Centennial, CO 1–41

Stopforth, J.D., Yoon, Y., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2003) "The effect of simulated spray-chilling on acid-habituated and non-acid-habituated Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells attached to beef carcass tissue" 90th Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection

(2003) The effect of vitamin E supplementation on discoloration of injection-site lesions in retail cuts and the greening reaction observed in injection-site lesions in muscles of the chuck J Anim Sci 81 1885-1894

Choat, T., Paterson, J.A., Rainey, B.M., King, M.C., Lipsey, R.J., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2003) "The Effects of Cattle Gender on Feedlot Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Muscle Tenderness" Beef Questions & Answers 8 5 8

Reddy, M.C.S., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2003) "The Potential Of Using Organic Acid Slurry (OAS) As Antimicrobial Intervention On Pre-Chilled Beef Adipose Tissue" Final Report to Penford Food Ingredients Company, Englewood, CO 1–14

Cross, H.R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Bellinger, G., Wood, Sienna M, (2003) "The Role of Microbiological Testing in Beef Safety System" National Meat Association 1–8

(2003) Thermal inactivation of susceptible and multiantimicrobial-resistant Salmonella strains grown in the absence or presence of glucose Appl Environ Microbiol 69 4123-4128

Ransom, J.R., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Treatment Of Beef Hides With Cetylpyridinium Chloride Solution To Reduce Contamination Before Slaughter Of Beef Cattle" Final Report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (Centennial, CO 1–6

Scanga, J.A., Ransom, J.R., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Uruguayan Beef And Lamb Quality Survey" Final Report to RMS, Inc 1–22

Brady, A.S., Belk, K.E., LeValley, S.B., Dalsted, N.L., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2003) Use of the lamb vision system to predict carcass value Sheep & Goat Res. J 18 18–24

Vote, D.J., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2003) "Using Reflectance Spectroscopy To Predict Beef Tenderness" Final Report to SmartMV 1–14

Cunha, B.C.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., LeValley, S.B., (2003) "Validation of Regression Equations That Utilize Lamb Vision System (LVS) Output To Predict Lamb Carcass Fabrication Yields" Final Report to Wyoming Department of Agriculture, United States Department of Agriculture—Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS)—Livestock and Seed Program 1–28

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., (2003) "What Are We Doing To Prevent Entry Of BSE And FMD Into US Cattle And Of BSE Prions In US Beef. Conference Notes" 75th Annual Western Veterinary Conference 1–4

Platter, W J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Relationships of consumer sensory ratings, marbling score, and shear force value to consumer acceptance of beef strip loin steaks. Journal of animal science 81 11 2741-50

Steiner, R, Wyle, A M, Vote, D J, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Wise, J W, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Real-time augmentation of USDA yield grade application to beef carcasses using video image analysis. Journal of animal science 81 9 2239-46

Steiner, R, Vote, D J, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Wise, J W, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Accuracy and repeatability of beef carcass longissimus muscle area measurements. Journal of animal science 81 8 1980-8

Roeber, D L, Belk, Keith, Engle, Terry E, Field, T G, Koontz, Stephen R, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Mason, Gary L, Van Metre, David C, Garry, Franklyn B, Smith, Gary C, (2003) The effect of vitamin E supplementation on discoloration of injection-site lesions in retail cuts and the greening reaction observed in injection-site lesions in muscles of the chuck. Journal of animal science 81 8 1885-94

Bacon, R T, Ransom, J R, Sofos, John N, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Thermal inactivation of susceptible and multiantimicrobial-resistant salmonella strains grown in the absence or presence of glucose. Applied and environmental microbiology 69 7 4123-8

Brady, A S, Belk, Keith, Levalley, Steve Byron, Dalsted, Norman L, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2003) An evaluation of the lamb vision system as a predictor of lamb carcass red meat yield percentage. Journal of animal science 81 6 1488-98

Bacon, R T, Sofos, John N, Kendall, Patricia A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Comparative analysis of acid resistance between susceptible and multi-antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella strains cultured under stationary-phase acid tolerance-inducing and noninducing conditions. Journal of food protection 66 5 732-40

McClure, E K, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Evaluation of the E+V video image analysis system as a predictor of pork carcass meat yield. Journal of animal science 81 5 1193-201

Platter, W J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Effects of repetitive use of hormonal implants on beef carcass quality, tenderness, and consumer ratings of beef palatability. Journal of animal science 81 4 984-96

Wyle, A M, Vote, D J, Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Goldberg, M, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Effectiveness of the SmartMV prototype BeefCam System to sort beef carcasses into expected palatability groups. Journal of animal science 81 2 441-8

Vote, D J, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2003) Online prediction of beef tenderness using a computer vision system equipped with a BeefCam module. Journal of animal science 81 2 457-65

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) Acid tolerance of susceptible and multi-antimicrobial resistant Salmonella cultures prepared under acid stressing conditions Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 89:Abstract P73

Brady, A.S., Belk, K.E., LeValley, S.B., Smith, G.C., Tatum, J.D., (2002) "An evaluation of the Lamb Vision System as a predictor of lamb carcass red meat yield percentage" Animal Sciences Research Report 2002 67–71

Brady, A.S., Belk, K.E., LeValley, S.B., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2002) "An Evaluation Of The Lamb Vision System As A Predictor Of Lamb Carcass Red Meat Yield Percentage And Carcass Value" Final Report to the United States Department of Agriculture, AMS-Livestock and Seed program 1–63

(2002) An evaluation of the USDA standards for feeder cattle frame size and muscle thickness J Anim Sci 80 560-567

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) Application of a commercial steam vacuum unit to reduce inoculated Salmonella on chilled fresh beef adipose tissue Dairy, Food and Env. San 22 184–190

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Avances en la Evaluación de Ganado de Carne" Del Campo el Plato Congress 1–20

Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Beef Decontamination Technologies" NCBA FACT SHEET 1–13

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., (2002) "Beef Safety Risks From Pathogens, Pesticides, Growth Promotants, Antibiotics, Antimicrobial-Resistant Microorganisms, Chemical Residues, Genetically Modified Organisms, Foreign Animal Diseases And Food Bioterrorism" Denver Dietetics Association 1–7

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Beef Tenderness And Quality" Pennsylvania State University, Blueprint For Beef Quality 1–20

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) Commercial application of lactic acid to reduce bacterial populations on chilled beef carcasses, subprimal cuts and table surfaces during fabrication Dairy, Food and Env. San 22 9

Stefanek, J.L., Childs, K.D., Bacon, R.T., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Commercial Evaluation Of Two Beef Slaughtering/Processing Systems" Final Report to the Excel Corporation 1–13

Ransom, J.R., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Comparison of intervention technologies for reducing Escherichia coli O157:H7 of fresh beef carcass adipose tissue" Animal Sciences Research Report 2002 37–40

Ransom, J.R., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., (2002) Comparison of intervention technologies for reducing Escherichia coli O157:H7 on beef cuts and trimmings Annual Meeting of the International Association for Food Protection 89:Abstract T61

(2002) Comparison of sampling methods for microbiological testing of beef animal rectal/colonal feces, hides, and carcasses J Food Prot 65 621-626

Genho, M.R., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Comparison of the palatability of five differing beef product lines" Animal Sciences Research Report 2002 41–43

Roeber, D.L., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Consumer attitudes and preferences" Animal Sciences Research Report 2002 45–47

Kain, M.L., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Reagan, J.O., Buege, D.R., Henning, W.P., Morgan, J.B., Ringkob, T.P., Bellinger, G.R., Smith, G.C., (2002) Consumer Behavior Regarding Time-lapse between store-purchase and subsequent home-storage of fresh beef retail cuts Dairy, Food and Env. San 22 10

(2002) Control of Listeria monocytogenes with combined antimicrobials after postprocess contamination and extended storage of frankfurters at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages J Food Prot 65 299-307

Barmpalia, I.M., Geornaras, I., Ashton, L.V., Kendall, P.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., (2002) "Control of Listeria monocytogenes with preservatives in the formulation of pork bologna inoculated after slicing, and evaluated after packaging and storage at 10C" Animal Sciences Research Report—2003 9–13

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., (2002) "Current Issues In The Beef Industry And Their Impact On The Cow-Calf Sector" national meeting of the Cattleman Corporation of Costa Rica 1–27

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., (2002) "Current Issues In The Beef Industry And Their Impact On The Cow/Calf Sector" Judith Basin Cattlemen’s Association Field Day, (Stanford, MT), at the Georgia Cattlemen’s Association Annual Convention (Perry, GA) and at the Mississippi Cattlemen’s Association Annual Convention (Jackson, MS 1–29

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., (2002) "Current Issues In The Beef Industry And Their Impact On The Cow/Calf Sector" Texas Beef Council 1–28

Smith, G.C., Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Field, T.G., Tatum, J.D., Cowman, G.L., (2002) "Dairy Beef—Its Economic Significance In The Dairy Profit Picture" Proceedings of the California Animal Nutrition Conference 57–69

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Dark Cutters And Maturity Effects On Beef Quality" Pennsylvania State University, Blueprint For Beef Quality 1–10

McClure, E.K., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Determination of appropriate vitamin E supplementation levels and administration times to insure adequate muscle tissue -tocopherol concentrations in cattle destined for the Nolan Ryan Tender-Aged Beef (NRTAB) program" Animal Sciences Research Report 2002 53–56

Stefanek, J.L., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., (2002) "Effects of enzymes on beef tenderness and palatability traits" Animal Sciences Research Report 2002 61–66

Platter, W.J., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Effects of repetitive use of hormonal implants on beef carcass quality and consumer ratings of beef palatability" Proc. Reciprocal Meat Conference

Vote, D.J., Platter, W.J., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Effects Of Using Alternative Stocker-Phase Feeding Programs On Cattle Performance And Carcass Merit—2001" Interim Report to the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation (Ardmore, OK 1–11

McClure, E.K., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Evaluation Of The E+V Image Analysis System As A Predictor Of Pork Carcass Red Meat Yield" Final Report to Swift and Company 1–63

McClure, E.K., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Evaluation of the predictive ability of the E+V video image analysis system to determine pork carcass composition" Proc. Reciprocal Meat Conference

(2002) Frequencies of injection-site lesions in muscles from rounds of dairy and beef cow carcasses J Dairy Sci 85 532-536

Smith, G.C., Savell, J.W., Morgan, J.B., Montgomery, T.H., Belk, K.E., Brooks, J.C., Carpenter, Z.L., Field, T.G., Griffin, D.B., Hale, D.S., Ray, F.K., Scanga, J.A., Roeber, D.L., McKenna, D.R., Bates, P.K., Schmidt, T.B., Cowman, G.L., Lloyd, R.M., Vorthmann, C.A., (2002) "Improving The Quality, Consistency, Competitiveness And Market-Share Of Fed-Beef" national meeting of the Cattleman Corporation of Costa Rica 1–13

Smith, G.C., Savell, J.W., Morgan, J.B., Montgomery, T.H., Belk, K.E., Brooks, J.C., Carpenter, Z.L., Field, T.G., Griffin, D.B., Hale, D.S., Ray, F.K., Scanga, J.A., Roeber, D.L., McKenna, D.R., Bates, P.K., Schmidt, T.B., Cowman, G.L., Lloyd, R.M., Vorthmann, C.A., (2002) "Improving The Quality, Consistency, Competitiveness And Market-Share Of Fed-Beef" Presented at meetings for Boehringer/Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd., Vetmedica Division 1–13

Smith, G.C.D.L.Roeber, Field, T.G., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Cowman, G.L., (2002) "Improving The Value Of Market Cows And Bulls Using Results Of The National Market Cow And Bull Beef Quality Audit—1999" Proceedings of the South Valley and Mid-Valley Dairy Days 36–42

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., (2002) "Just The Facts, Mom!! Food Safety Risks From Foodborne Pathogens, Chemical Residues, Genetically Modified Organisms, Foreign Animal Diseases, And Food Bioterrorism" Southern Colorado Dietetics Association 1–14

Platter, W.J., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Lifetime implants strategies: Effects on beef carcass quality characteristics" Animal Sciences Research Report 2002 81–84

(2002) "Live dairy cult cow characteristics and associated microbial contamination" Abstr Pap Am Chem Soc 228:023-AGRO

(2002) National Beef Quality Audit-2000 J Anim Sci 80 1212-1222

Vote, D.J., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) "On-line prediction of beef tenderness using a Computer Vision System equipped with a BeefCamTM module" Animal Sciences Research Report 2002 95–99

(2002) Online evaluation of a commercial video image analysis system (Computer Vision System) to predict beef carcass red meat yield and for augmenting the assignment of USDA yield grades J Anim Sci 80 1195-1201

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) Opportunities For Production Of Natural Or Organic Beef Proceedings, Western Section, American Society of Animal Science 53 231–235

(2002) Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella isolated from beef animal hides and carcasses J Food Prot 65 284-290

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., LeValley, S.B., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Rodgers, P.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) Producing consumer products from sheep: The Sheep Safety and Quality Assurance Program Proceedings, Western Section, American Society of Animal Science 53 1–4

Stefanek, J.L., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Review Of Intervention Technologies Available For Decontamination Of Carcasses" Submitted to Purac America, Inc. Center for Red Meat Safety 1–36

LeValley, S.B., Duffy, E.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Kimberling, C.V., (2002) Sheep Pathogen Reduction Interventions And Animal Production Food Safety Practices Proceedings, Western Section, American Society of Animal Science 53 277–280

Stefanek, J.L., Childs, K.D., Bacon, R.T., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Slaughter Zone Check Procedure Validation" Final Report to the Excel Corporation 1–23

Smith, K.R., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "Tenderness and sensory traits of branded, enhanced and non-enhanced pork loin chops" Animal Sciences Research Report 2002 105–107

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., (2002) "The Blame Game: Foodborne Illness, Hormones, Antibiotics, B.S.E. And Food Bioterrorism" Wisconsin Dietetics Association 1–4

Platter, W.J., Vote, D.J., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2002) "The Effects Of Stocker And Finishing Phase Implant Protocols On Beef Heifer Performance And Carcass Characteristics" Interim Report to the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation (Ardmore, OK 1–7

(2002) The efficacy of three objective systems for identifying beef cuts that can be guaranteed tender J Anim Sci 80 3315-3327

Roeber, D.L., McKenna, D.R., Bates, P.K., Schmidt, T.B., Belk, K.E., Field, T.G., PAS, J.W.Savell, Morgan, J.B., Montgomery, T.H., Smith, G.C., (2002) The impact of national beef quality audits on producer management practices and current views of producers, packers and merchandisers of beef on current quality characteristics The Prof. Anim. Sci 18 112–119

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., (2002) "The Importance of Value-Added Convenient, Consumer-Friendly Beef Products to the Future of the Beef Industry" Presented to Texas Beef Council 1–20

Stefanek, J.L., Ransom, J.R., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) "The Potential Of Using Ozone As A Decontaminant In Beef Slaughtering/Dressing And/Or Fabrication" Final Report to PRAXAIR, Inc 1–50

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Kendall, P.A., Ransom, J.R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2002) Thermal inactivation of susceptible and multi-antimicrobial resistant Salmonella grown in the absence or presence of glucose Annual Meeting of the International Association of Food Protection 89:Abstract 74

Smith, G.C., Belk., K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., (2002) "Traceback, Traceability And Source Verification In The Beef Industry" national meeting of the Cattleman Corporation of Costa Rica 1–12

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., (2002) "Traceback, Traceability And Source Verification In The U.S" Proceedings of the IX Simposio Centroamericano y del Caribe Sobre Procesamiento de Carnes 21–32

Smith, G.C., Tatum, J.D., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., (2002) "Update Your Carcass Contest—Eliminating The Freaks From The Finalists" Livestock Industry Forum, California State University Chico 1–6

Wheeler, T L, Vote, D, Leheska, J M, Shackelford, S D, Belk, Keith, Wulf, D M, Gwartney, B L, Koohmaraie, M, (2002) The efficacy of three objective systems for identifying beef cuts that can be guaranteed tender. Journal of animal science 80 12 3315-27

McKenna, D R, Roebert, D L, Bates, P K, Schmidt, T B, Hale, D S, Griffin, D B, Savell, J W, Brooks, J C, Morgan, Jeri, Montgomery, Tai, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2002) National Beef Quality Audit-2000: survey of targeted cattle and carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, and value of fed steers and heifers. Journal of animal science 80 5 1212-22

Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Wise, J W, Chapman, Phillip Lee, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Online evaluation of a commercial video image analysis system (Computer Vision System) to predict beef carcass red meat yield and for augmenting the assignment of USDA yield grades. United States Department of Agriculture. Journal of animal science 80 5 1195-201

Ransom, J R, Belk, Keith, Bacon, R T, Sofos, John N, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Comparison of sampling methods for microbiological testing of beef animal rectal/colonal feces, hides, and carcasses. Journal of food protection 65 4 621-6

Grona, A D, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Williams, F L, (2002) An evaluation of the USDA standards for feeder cattle frame size and muscle thickness. Journal of animal science 80 3 560-7

Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Wailes, William R, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Sofos, John N, Cowman, G L, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Frequencies of injection-site lesions in muscles from rounds of dairy and beef cow carcasses. Journal of dairy science 85 3 532-6

Samelis, J, Bedie, G K, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Control of Listeria monocytogenes with combined antimicrobials after postprocess contamination and extended storage of frankfurters at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages. Journal of food protection 65 2 299-307

Bacon, R T, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Hyatt, Doreene R, Smith, Gary C, (2002) Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella isolated from beef animal hides and carcasses. Journal of food protection 65 2 284-90

Kohls, L.I., Stefanek, J.L., Smith, C.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2001) "A comparison of five different modified atmosphere package methods for retail display-ready ground beef" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 73–76

Steiner, R., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Wise, J.W., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Accuracy and repeatability of beef carcass ribeye area measurements for the application of augmented USDA Yield Grades" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 49–52

(2001) Antimicrobials in the formulation to control Listeria monocytogenes postprocessing contamination on frankfurters stored at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages J Food Prot 64 1949-1955

Kain, M.L., Samelis, J., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Application of antimicrobials as post-processing solutions to control Listeria monocytogenes on sliced pork bologna stored at 4C in vacuum packages" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 61–64

Steiner, R., Wyle, A.M., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Wise, J.W., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2001) Assessing real time augmentation of USDA Yield Grade application to beef carcasses using Video Image Analysis (VIA) instrumentation J. Anim. Sci 79:(Supplement 1 374

Stefanek, J.L., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Beef Enzyme Tenderization Study" Final Report to Novozymes NA, Inc 1–16

Samelis, J., Kain, M.L., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) Combinations of nisin with organic acids or salts to control post-processing contamination of Listeria monocytogenes on sliced, vacuum packaged pork bologna at 4oC Intl. Assoc. Food Prot

Ransom, J.R., Belk, K.E., Stopforth, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Comparison Of New Intervention Additives/Chemicals With Interventions Presently In Use For Reducing Incidence of E. coli O157:H7 On Beef Cuts and Beef Trimmings" Final Report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Englewood, CO 1–22

Genho, M.R., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Comparison Of The Palatability Of Nolan Ryan Tender-Aged Beef With The Palatability Of Four Differing Beef Product Lines" Final Report to Beefmaster Cattlemen LP, Huntsville, TX 1–9

Genho, M.R., Vote, D.J., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Comparison of Warner-Bratzler shear force values of beef longissimus steaks cooked on a Magikitch’n Belt Grill vs. a Hobart Char Broiler" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 77–79

Sofos, J.N., Samelis, J., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Control of Listeria monocytogenes post-processing contamination in pork products" Proc. of the International Congress of Meat Science and Technology 47 286–287

Steiner, R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Determination of bloom time and caselife of Nolan Ryan ground beef" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 81–85

Bedie, G.K., Samelis, J., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) Effect of antimicrobials in the formulation and post-packaging thermal pasteurization on Listeria monocytogenes inoculated after peeling Intl. Assoc. Food Prot

Smith, C.D., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Kain, M.L., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Effects of activated ozone, as a decontamination intervention, when applied to hides, carcasses and to ground beef during blending" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 87–90

Smith, C.D., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Kain, M.L., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Effects of activated ozone, on lipid peroxidation, when applied to carcass and to ground beef during blending" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 91–93

Platter, W.J., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Engle, T.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Effects Of Repetitive Use Of Hormonal Implants On Beef Carcass Quality And Consumer Ratings Of Beef Palatability" Final Report to the Beef Quality Assurance Advisory Board, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Denver, CO 1–60

(2001) Effects of three levels of alpha-tocopheryl acetate supplementation to feedlot cattle on performance of beef cuts during retail display J Anim Sci 79 1814-1820

Kain, M.L., Samelis, J., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Evaluation of antimicrobials as post-processing solutions against sliced pork bologna stored at 4oC in vacuum packages" Annual Meeting of the Inst. Food Tech.

Bedie, G.K., Kain, M.L., Samelis, J., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Evaluation of antimicrobials incorporated into the formulation against post-processing contamination of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters stored at 4C in vacuum packages" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 65–67

Ransom, J.R., Bacon, R.T., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) Evaluation of methods for sampling rectal/colonal feces, hides and carcasses to test for presence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp Intl. Assoc. Food Prot

Ransom, J.R., Bacon, R.T., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Evaluation of methods for sampling rectal/colonal feces, hides and carcasses to test for presence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 95–98

Brady, A.S., Platter, W.J., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., McDowell, Linda M, Smith, G.C., (2001) "Evaluation of the palatability, tenderness and composition of Certified Piedmontese Beef" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 99–103

(2001) Evaluation of the Tendertec beef grading instrument to predict the tenderness of steaks from beef carcasses J Anim Sci 79 688-697

(2001) Extent of microbial contamination in United States pork retail products J Food Prot 64 172-178

(2001) Factors influencing consumer demand for US pork exported to the Republic of Korea (South Korea) J Anim Sci 79 907-911

Roeber, D.L., Speer, N.C., Gentry, J.G., Tatum, J.D., Smith, C.D., Whittier, J.C., Jones, G.F., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) Feeder cattle health management: effects on morbidity rates, feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, and beef palatability The Prof. Anim. Sci 17 29–44

Smith, G.C., Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Field, T.G., Tatum, J.D., Hale, D.S., Henning, W.R., Cowman, G.L., (2001) "Getting The Most From Your Dairy Beef" Proc. 5th Western Dairy Management Conference 69–77

Smith, G.C., Savell, J.W., Morgan, J.B., Montgomery, T.H., Belk, K.E., Brooks, J.C., Carpenter, Z.L., Field, T.G., Griffin, D.B., Hale, D.S., Ray, F.K., Scanga, J.A., Roeber, D.L., McKenna, D.R., Bates, P.K., Schmidt, T.B., Cowman, G.L., Lloyd, R.M., Vorthmann, C.A., (2001) "Improving the quality, consistency, competitiveness and market-share of fed beef. The Final Report of the third blueprint for total quality management in the fed-beef (slaughter steer/heifer) industry" National Beef Quality Audit—2000 1–105

Smith, G.C., Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Field, T.G., Scanga, J.A., Cowman, G.L., (2001) "Improving The Value Of Dairy Beef" Hoard’s Dairyman

Smith, G.C., Roeber, D.L., Field, T.G., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Cowman, G.L., (2001) "Improving The Value Of Market Cows And Bulls Using Results Of The National Market Cow And Bull Beef Quality Audit—1999" Proc. Wild West Veterinary Conference 145–147

Roeber, D.L., Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Cowman, G.L., Smith, G.C., (2001) Incidence of injection-site lesions in beef and dairy cow rounds J. Anim. Sci 79:(Supplement 1) Abstract 264 63

(2001) Incidence of injection-site lesions in beef top sirloin butts J Anim Sci 79 2615-2618

Ware, L.M., Kain, M.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Reagan, J.O., Smith, G.C., (2001) Influence of sampling procedure, handling and storage on the microbiological status of fresh beef Dairy, Food and Env. San 21 14–19

Duffy, E.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Bellinger, G.R., Pape, A., Smith, G.C., (2001) Levels of microbial contamination in United States pork retail products J. Food Prot 64 172–178

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Microbial Mapping III. Determining microbiological counts on beef subprimal cuts during/following fabrication with and without microbiological decontamination treatments" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 105–110

Kain, M.L., Kochevar, S.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Rossiter, C., Reagan, J.O., Smith, G.C., (2001) Microbiological contamination of carcasses from dairy cows of known condition, cleanliness and other characteristics Dairy, Food and Environmental Sanitation. Dairy, Food and Env. San 21 990–996

Stefanek, J.L., Kohls, L.I., Smith, C.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Microbiological quality of ground beef when five case-ready modified atmosphere packaging methods are used" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 111–115

Ransom, J.R., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Minimizing Microbiological Food Safety Risks: Potential For Preslaughter (Preharvest Interventions" White Paper for American Meat Institute Foundation, Arlington, VA 1–111

Roeber, D.L., McKenna, D.R., Bates, P.K., Schmidt, T.B., Belk, K.E., Savell, J.W., Morgan, J.B., Montgomery, T.H., Smith, G.C., (2001) National Beef Quality Audit—2000; Survey of producers, packers and end-users J. Anim. Sci 79:(Supplement 1) Abstract 259 62

(2001) National Market Cow and Bull Beef Quality Audit - 1999 J Anim Sci 79 658-665

Duffy, E.J.Sofos, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2001) "National Pork Retail Microbiological Baseline" National Pork Producers Council “Facts,” 1–4

Duffy, E.A., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) "National Pork Retail Microbiological Baseline. FACTS—National Pork Producers Council and American Meat Science Association" National Pork Producers Council 1–4

Vote, D.J., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Objective Measurements For Tenderness. Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association" Meat Science Program, Department of Animal Sciences 1–9

(2001) Organic acids and their salts as dipping solutions to control Listeria monocytogenes inoculated following processing of sliced pork bologna stored at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages J Food Prot 64 1722-1729

(2001) Supranutritional oral supplementation with vitamin D-3 and calcium and the effects on beef tenderness J Anim Sci 79 912-918

Smith, K.R., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Tenderness, Sensory Traits, Microbiological Loads And Color Stability Of Branded, Enhanced And Non-Enhanced Pork Loin Chops" Final Report to Swift and Company, ConAgra Foods 1–31

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., (2001) "The Importance Of Value-Added Convenient, Consumer-Friendly Beef Products To The Future Of The Beef Industry" Proc. National Beef Science Seminar 151–170

Kain, M.L., Samelis, J., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) Treatments to control post-processing contamination by Listeria monocytogenes on sliced pork bologna stored at 4oC in vacuum packages Intl. Assoc. Food Prot

Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "U.S. Red Meat: A Pledge To Minimize Risk To Public Health" U.S. Meat Export Federation Board of Directors Meeting & International Buyers Conference

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., (2001) "Unknown" Beef Field Days 1–29

Vote, D.J., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2001) "Validation Of The Nolan Ryan Tender Aged Beef Program" Meat Science Program, Department of Animal Sciences 1–8

Belk, Keith, (2001) "Video image analysis (VIA) determination of percentage subprimal yield of beef carcasses" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2001 57–59

Westcott, E.A., Morgan, J.B., Stubbs, R.L., Schaefer, D.M., Ringkob, T.P., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2001) Vitamin E supplementation effects on beef retail cut caselife and economic attributes in actual store conditions J. Musc. Foods 11 261–272

Bedie, G K, Samelis, J, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Antimicrobials in the formulation to control Listeria monocytogenes postprocessing contamination on frankfurters stored at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages. Journal of food protection 64 12 1949-55

Samelis, J, Sofos, John N, Kain, M L, Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Organic acids and their salts as dipping solutions to control listeria monocytogenes inoculated following processing of sliced pork bologna stored at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages. Journal of food protection 64 11 1722-9

Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Cowman, G L, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Incidence of injection-site lesions in beef top sirloin butts. Journal of animal science 79 10 2615-8

Roeber, D L, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Wilson, J W, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Effects of three levels of alpha-tocopheryl acetate supplementation to feedlot cattle on performance of beef cuts during retail display. Journal of animal science 79 7 1814-20

Vonada, M L, Bidner, B S, Belk, Keith, McKeith, F K, Lloyd, W R, O'Connor, M E, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Factors influencing consumer demand for U.S. pork exported to the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Journal of animal science 79 4 907-11

Duffy, E A, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Levalley, Steve Byron, Kain, M L, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, Kimberling, Cleon V, (2001) Microbial contamination occurring on lamb carcasses processed in the United States. Journal of food protection 64 4 503-8

Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Supranutritional oral supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium and the effects on beef tenderness. Journal of animal science 79 4 912-8

Belk, Keith, George, M H, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Hilton, G G, Miller, R K, Koohmaraie, M, Reagan, J O, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Evaluation of the Tendertec beef grading instrument to predict the tenderness of steaks from beef carcasses. Journal of animal science 79 3 688-97

Roeber, D L, Mies, P D, Smith, C D, Belk, Keith, Field, T G, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Scanga, J A, Smith, Gary C, (2001) National market cow and bull beef quality audit-1999: a survey of producer-related defects in market cows and bulls. Journal of animal science 79 3 658-65

Duffy, E A, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Bellinger, G R, Pape, A, Smith, Gary C, (2001) Extent of microbial contamination in United States pork retail products. Journal of food protection 64 2 172-8

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) "A comparison of the three commercial beef carcass decontamination systems" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000 45–51

Bacon, R.T., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) Antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella spp. isolates found on beef animal hides and carcasses, and the potential ramifications for producers Proc. Recip. Meat Conf 53 117

Segomelo, K., Kain, M.L., Bellinger, G.R., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Bacteria pathogen changes in fresh pork after storage and consumer abuse" Proc. Intl. Cong. Meat Sci. Tech

Roeber, D.L., Smith, G.C., Cannell, R.C., Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., (2000) "Beef quality assurance audits: incidence of injection-site damage in top sirloin butts and in muscles of the round—October, 1999 through September, 2000" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Englewood, CO

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Field, T.G., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Beef quality manual: model for implementation of beef quality assurance guidelines to ISO 9000 standards" Colorado Livestock Assoc

Segomelo, K., Kain, M.L., Belk, K.E., Bellinger, G.R., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Changes in inoculated bacterial pathogens on fresh pork stored at temperatures to simulate mild distribution abuse" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000 57–59

Segomelo, K., Kain, M.L., Belk, K.E., Bellinger, G.R., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Changes in pathogenic bactgeria counts during limited abuse of fresh pork" Proc. Intl. Cong. Meat Sci. Tech

Steiner, R., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Determination of accuracy and repeatability of beef carcass ribeye area measurements" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Englewood, CO

Ransom, J.R., Bacon, R.T., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Develop optimal methods for sampling rectal/colonal feces, hides and carcasses to test for presence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp" Final Report to the American Meat Institute Foundation, Arlington, VA

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Williams, S.N., (2000) "Economic Implications Of Improved Color Stability In Beef. Chapter 15" Antioxidants In Muscle Foods 397–426

Duffy, E.A., Bacon, R.T., Kochevar, S.L., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Effect of pre-evisceration spray-washing pressure on removal of visible and microbiological contamination from lamb carcasses" Final Report to ConAgra Lamb Division, Greeley, CO 1–26

(2000) Effects of a unique application of electrical stimulation on tenderness, color, and quality attributes of the beef longissimus muscle J Anim Sci 78 1504-1509

Smith, C.D., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Scanga, J.A., Kain, M.L., Smith, G.C., Bellinger, G.R., (2000) "Effects of Deligen II, as a decontamination intervention, when applied to hides, carcasses, and to ground beef during blending and the impact of using the system on rates of oxidation when applied to lean and fat tissue and ground beef" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Englewood, CO

Mies, P., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Effects of supplementing feedyard finishing diets with mega-pro, with and without trace mineral amino acid chelates, on feedyard performance and factors relating to beef tenderness and quality" Final Report to Continental Beef Research and Sureleen-Albion Agra, Inc 1–12

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Evaluation of “zero tolerance” final rail inspection conducted in commercial beef processing facilities" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000 41–44

Bacon, R.T., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Executive Summary: Incidence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hide, carcass and beef trimmings samples collected from United States packing plants" Proc. Recip. Meat Conf 53 106–108

Segomelo, K., Kain, M.L., Bellinger, G.R., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Fate of bactgerial pathogens inoculated on fresh pork during simulated temperature abuse at distribution" Proc. Intl. Cong. Meat Sci. Tech

Roeber, D.L., Speer, N.C., Gentry, J.G., Tatum, J.D., Smith, C.D., Whittier, J.C., Jones, G.F., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Feeder cattle health management: effects on morbidity rates, feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, and beef palatability" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000 1–4

Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Scanga, J.A., Kegomelo, K., Kain, M.L., Bellinger, G.R., (2000) "Growth of bacteria on pork carcasses and cuts following application of different chilling procedures and after being subjected to temperature abuse during distribution and by consumers" Final Report to National Pork Producers Council, Des Moines, IA 1–96

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Williams, S.N., (2000) "High E beef: the science and technology" Proc. Can. Beef Summit 21–51

(2000) Implant strategies during feeding J Anim Sci 78 1867-1874

Roeber, D.L., Mies, P.D., Smith, C.D., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., field, T.G., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2000) Improving the consistency and competitiveness of market cow and bull beef Proc. Recip. Meat Conf 53 122–123

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Tatum, J.D., Field, T.G., Scanga, J.A., Smith, C.D., Mies, P.D., Foster, H.A., Kennedy, T.K., Moore, B.R., Hodge, S.G., (2000) "Improving the consistency and competitiveness of market cow and bull beef; and, improving the value of market cows and bulls" The Final Report of the National Market Cow And Bull Beef Quality Audit-1999, for the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Englewood, CO 1–200

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Field, T.G., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2000) Improving the consistency and competitiveness of market cow and bull beef; and, increasing the value of market cows and bulls J. Anim. Sci 78 Suppl. 1

Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Samelis, J., Kain, M.L., Scanga, J.A., Strohecker, K., (2000) "Inactivation or inhibition of post-processing contamination of Listeria monocytogenes in pork products with antimicrobials in the formulation or by post-processing decontamination" Final Report to the National Pork Producers Council 1–38

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) Incidence and antibiotic resistance of Salmonella spp. cultures isolated from animal hide and beef carcasses Proc. Intl. Assoc. Food Prot 87 73

Bacon, R.T., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Incidence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hide, carcass and beef trimmings samples collected from United States packing plants" Confidential Final report to the American Meat Institute Foundation 1–33

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Incidence of Salmonella spp. on beef cattle hides and carcasses in eight commercial beef slaughtering facilities" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000. Dept. Anim. Sci 53–56

(2000) Injection of beef strip loins with solutions containing sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium lactate, and sodium chloride to enhance palatability J Anim Sci 78 952-957

(2000) Interventions to reduce microbiological contamination of beef variety meats J Food Prot 63 44-50

Duffy, E.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Bellinger, G.R., Pape, A., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Levels of microbial contamination in United States pork retail products" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000 23–27

Duffy, E.A., LeValley, S.B., Kain, M.L., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Kimberling, C.V., (2000) Microbial contamination occurring on lamb carcasses processed in the United States Proc. Intl. Assoc. Food Prot 87 72

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Microbial Mapping III. Determining microbial counts on beef subprimal cuts and trimmings during/following fabrication with and without microbiological interventions" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Englewood, CO 1–25

(2000) Microbial populations on animal hides and beef carcasses at different stages of slaughter in plants employing multiple-sequential interventions for decontamination J Food Prot 63 1080-1086

(2000) Microbiological contamination of raw beef trimmings and ground beef Meat Sci 56 145-152

Roeber, D.L., Mies, P.D., Smith, C.D., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Field, T.G., Tatum, J.D., Scanga, J.A., (2000) "National Market Cow and Bull Beef quality Audit-1999" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000 5–8

Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (2000) "New approaches for improving tenderness, quality and consistency of beef" Proc. Of The Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci.

Steiner, R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Nolan Ryan ground beef bloom time and caselife study" Final Report to Nolan Ryan Tender Beef, LLC, San Antonio, TX

Vote, D.J., Wyle, A.M., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Objective measurements for tenderness" Interim Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Englewood, CO 1–10

(2000) Palatability of beef steaks marinated with solutions of calcium chloride, phosphate, and (or) beef-flavoring Meat Sci 55 397-401

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., (2000) "Pathogen contamination of cattle and beef; challenges and opportunities in process control" XXI World Buiatrics Cong.

Segomelo, K., Kain, M.L., Belk, K.E., Bellinger, G.R., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Pathogenic bacteria populations in inoculated fresh pork after chilled storage and simulated consumer abuse" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000 61–65

Segomelo, K., Kain, M.L., Bellinger, G.R., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Population changes of pathogenic bacteria inoculated in fresh pork following chilled storage and simulated consumer temperature abuse" Proc. Intl. Cong. Meat Sci. Tech

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Post chilling application of a commercial steam vacuum unit to fresh beef adipose tissue inoculated with Salmonella spp" Confidential Final Report to Supreme Beef, Dallas, TX 1–17

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Post-chilling application of a commercial steam vacuum unit to fresh beef adipose tissue inoculated with Salmonella spp" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000 35–39

Sofos, J.N., Cabedo, L., Zerby, H., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Potential interactions between antioxidants and microbial meat quality. Chapter 16" Antioxidants In Muscle Foods 427–453

Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Wyle, A.M., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Prediction of beef palatability using instruments" Proc. Beef Impr. Fed. Ann. Conv

Duffy, E.A., LeValley, S.B., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (2000) Preharvest management practices, good manufacturing practices during harvest, and microbiological quality of lamb carcasses Dairy, Food and Environmental Sanitation 20 753–762

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., (2000) "Quality of beef and its certification for the public in the future" XXI World Buiatrics Cong.

(2000) Quantification of pork belly and Boston butt quality attribute preferences of South Korean customers J Anim Sci 78 2608-2614

Belk, Keith, (2000) "Real time augmentation of USDA Yield Grade application to beef carcasses using state-of-the-art VIA instrumentation" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Englewood, CO

Belk, Keith, (2000) "Real time augmentation of USDA Yield Grades to beef carcasses using state-of-the-art video image analysis (VIA) instrumentation" Anim. Sci. Res. Report 2000 29–34

Smith, C.D., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Bellinger, G.R., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Reduction of bacterial populations on beef heads, tongues and three variety meats originating from bee heads/tongues" Final Report to the CHAD Company and National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–12

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., (2000) "Safety of food of ruminant origin" XXI World Buiatrics Cong.

Samelis, J., Strohecker, K., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (2000) "Screening of antimicrobials against Listeria monocytogenes in pork bologna" Proc. Intl. Cong. Meat Sci. Tech

Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Wyle, A.M., Cannell, R.C., Wulf, D.M., Tatum, J.D., Reagan, J.O., Smith, G.C., (2000) The use of video image analysis and instrumentation to predict beef palatability Proc. Recip. Meat Conf 53 10–15

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., (2000) "Traceback, traceability and source verification in the U.S. beef industry" XXI World Buiatrics Cong.

(2000) Vitamin E supplementation effects on beef retail, cut case-life and economic attributes in actual store conditions J Muscle Foods 11 261-272

Scanga, J A, Grona, A D, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Bellinger, G R, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Microbiological contamination of raw beef trimmings and ground beef. Meat science 56 2 145-52

Vonada, M L, Bidner, B S, Belk, Keith, McKeith, F K, Lloyd, W R, O'Connor, M E, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Quantification of pork belly and boston butt quality attribute preferences of South Korean customers. Journal of animal science 78 10 2608-14

Bacon, R T, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, Clayton, R P, Reagan, J O, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Microbial populations on animal hides and beef carcasses at different stages of slaughter in plants employing multiple-sequential interventions for decontamination. Journal of food protection 63 8 1080-6

Scanga, J A, Delmore, R J, Ames, R P, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, G C, (2000) Palatability of beef steaks marinated with solutions of calcium chloride, phosphate, and (or) beef-flavoring. Meat science 55 4 397-401

Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Miller, R K, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Implant strategies during feeding: impact on carcass grades and consumer acceptability. Journal of animal science 78 7 1867-74

Roeber, D L, Cannell, R C, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Smith, Gary C, (2000) Effects of a unique application of electrical stimulation on tenderness, color, and quality attributes of the beef longissimus muscle. Journal of animal science 78 6 1504-9

Vote, D J, Platter, W J, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Schmidt, Glenn R, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, Speer, N C, (2000) Injection of beef strip loins with solutions containing sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium lactate, and sodium chloride to enhance palatability. Journal of animal science 78 4 952-7

Delmore, R J, Sofos, John N, Schmidt, G R, Belk, Keith, Lloyd, W R, Smith, G C, (2000) Interventions to reduce microbiological contamination of beef variety meats. Journal of food protection 63 1 44-50

Scanga, J.A., Bellinger, G.R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "A microbiological profile of domestic and imported beef raw materials destined for use in ground beef production" 1999 CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci 177–184

(1999) An audit of retail beef loin steak tenderness conducted in eight US cities J Anim Sci 77 1735-1741

Cannell, R.C., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Wise, J.W., Clayton, R.P., Smith, G.C., (1999) "An evaluation of the dual-component video image analysis system (VIASCAN) as a predictor of beef carcass red meat yield percentage and for augmenting application of USDA Yield Grades" CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci., Colorado State University 109–116

Wyle, A.M., Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Goldberg, M., Riffle, R., Smith, G.C., (1999) "An evaluation of the prototype portable HunterLab video imaging system (BeefCAM) as a tool to predict tenderness of beef carcasses using objective measures of lean and fat color" 1999 CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci 117–126

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Hardin, M., Lloyd, Wesley J, Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Application of treatments to reduce contamination of pork variety meats" IAMFES 86th Annual Meeting –17

Delmore, R.J., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Application of treatments to reduce microbiological counts on beef variety meats" Dept. Anim. Sci 201–208

Cannell, R.C., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., (1999) "Beef quality assurance audits: Incidence of injection-site damage in top sirloin butts and in muscles of the round—1998" Center for Red Meat Safety, Department of Animal Sciences 1–24

Smith, G.C., Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Hale, D.S., Henning, W.R., Cowman, G.L., (1999) "Careful with that market cow!! The next time you see her may be at your favorite restaurant" 1999 Dairy Tech Forum 1–8

(1999) Case life of seven retail products from beef cattle supplemented with alpha-tocopheryl acetate J Anim Sci 77 2458-2463

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Reagan, J.O., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Commercial evaluation of multiple-sequential interventions for decontamination of beef carcasses" Dept. Anim. Sci 151–156

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Reagan, J.O., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Commercial evaluation of multiple-sequential interventions for decontamination of beef carcasses" IAMFES 86th Annual Meeting –3

(1999) Comparison of sponging and excising as sampling procedures for microbiological analysis of fresh beef-carcass tissue J Food Prot 62 1255-1259

Doherty, R.L., Field, T.G., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Scanga, J.A., Smith, G.C., (1999) Developing benchmarks to familiarize cattle producers with the benefits and risks associated with grid pricing The Prof. Anim. Sci 15 136–140

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., McDowell, L.R., Williams, S.N., Smith, G.C., (1999) Display life of fresh beef containing different levels of vitamin E and initial microbiological contamination J. Musc. Foods 10 345–355

(1999) Dual-component video image analysis system (VIASCAN) as a predictor of beef carcass red meat yield percentage and for augmenting application of USDA yield grades J Anim Sci 77 2942-2950

Wyle, A.M., Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Goldberg, M., Hartnett, J., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Effectiveness of using the HunterLab BeefCam System to sort beef carcasses into differing product lines, across four different packing facilities and from both source verified and non-source verified fed cattle, based on projected tenderness of subsequently aged and cooked product" Final Report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–14

Martinez, M.J., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Effects of age at castration, implant strategy and aging on the tenderness of longissimus muscle steaks derived from steers, late castrates and intact bulls" CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci 135–150

Roeber, D.L., Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Effects of electrical stimulation on tenderness, color and quality attributes of the beef longissimus muscle" Final Report to Monfort, Inc 1–21

Roeber, D.L., Cannell, R.C., belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1999) Effects of electrical stimulation on tenderness, color and quality attributes of the beef longissimus muscle J. Anim. Sci 77 Suppl. 1

(1999) Effects of muscle alpha-tocopherol level and surface microbiological contamination on retail caselife of fresh beef from the US, Japan and Australia Meat Sci 52 111-118

Mies, P.D., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Effects of postmortem aging on beef tenderness and aging guidelines to maximize tenderness of different beef subprimal cuts" CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci 127–134

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Koohmaraie, M., Smith, G.C., (1999) Effects of supranutritional oral supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium to improve beef tenderness Proc. Recip. Meat Conf 52 120

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Effects of three levels of alpha-tocopheryl acetate supplementation levels to feedlot cattle on performance of beef cuts during retail display" Final Report to Roche Vitamins, Inc 1–23

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., Kotrola, N., Smith, G.C., (1999) Efficacy of acidified sodium chlorite as a decontamination treatment for pork tongues J. Anim. Sci 77 Suppl. 1

(1999) Emergency department evaluation and treatment of elbow and forearm injuries Emerg Med Clin N Am 17 843-+

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Evaluation of multiple-hurdle microbiological interventions—to include pre-evisceration spray-washing and other technologies—for beef carcass decontamination" Final report to National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–28

Schutte, B.R., Dolezal, H.G., Morgan, J.B., Kranzler, G.A., Cannell, R.C., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Wise, J.W., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Evaluations of the Canadian Vision system, the HunterLab Miniscan, the Minolta Colorimeter and the HunterLab/CSU BeefCam technologies for augmenting application of USDA yield and quality grades and for sorting carcasses for expected tenderness and/or palatability or their steaks" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–23

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Hardin, M., Lloyd, Wesley J, Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Extent of microbiological contamination on pork variety meats" IAMFES 86th Annual Meeting –12

Delmore, R.J., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Lloyd, W.R., Bellinger, G.L., Schmidt, G.R., Smith, G.C., (1999) Good manufacturing practices for improving the microbiological quality of beef variety meats Dairy, Food and Env. San 19 742–752

Schmidt, G.R., Sofos, J.N., Duffy, E.A., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "HACCP Training at Colorado State University. Proc" Proc. Recip. Meat Conf

(1999) Identification of quality management practices to reduce the incidence of retail beef tenderness problems J Anim Sci 77 2112-2118

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Impact of feedlot growth promotant implant strategies on carcass grade characteristics and subsequent cooked beef palatability traits, when applied to small/medium framed 3-way British crossbred steers" Revised Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–8

Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Cowman, G.L., Smith, M.T., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Incidence of injection-site blemishes in beef top sirloin butts" Dept. Anim. Sci 101–108

Ware, L.M., Kain, M.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Influence of sampling procedure, handling and storage on the microbiological status of fresh beef" 1999 CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci 157–164

Kain, M.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Influence of storage on bacterial numbers detected on sponges following beef carcass tissue sampling. 1999 CSU Beef Program Report" Dept. Anim. Sci 183–188

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Is It Working In Practice?" Calf News ue) pp. 1 4–5

Miller, R.K., Grones, K., Cloud, C., Vonada, M., Belk, Keith, Moeller, S., McKeith, F., Fedler, C., Prusa, K., Carriquiry, A., Meisinger, D., Goodwin, R., Cravens, J., Lloyd, W.R., Morton, J., (1999) "Japanese perception of pork quality" Final Report to the U.S. Meat Export Federation and the Illinois Soybean Program Operating Board 1–100

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Hardin, M., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Levels of microbiological contamination of pork carcasses during slaughter" IAMFES 86th Annual Meeting –11

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (1999) "Meeting the Challenge. . what can you do?" Annual Convention of the Texas Cattle Feeders Association 1–12

Belk, K.E., Zerby, H.N., Henning, W.R., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Microbial contamination of raw ingredients and location of process control points for the manufacturing of ground beef destined for sale at retail supermarkets" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–16

Kain, M.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Reagan, J.O., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Microbiological contamination baselines of beef carcasses, wholesale cuts and retail cuts" CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci 165–170

Kain, M., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Reagan, J.O., Smith, G.C., Buege, D.R., Henning, W.P., Morgan, J.B., Ringkob, T.P., Bellinger, G.R., (1999) "Microbiological contamination baselines of beef carcasses, wholesale cuts and retail cuts" IAMFES 86th Annual Meeting

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., (1999) "Minimizing microbiological beef safety risks: potential for preharvest interventions" Annual Meeting of the American Society of Animal Science (Indianapolis, IN 1–2

Bacon, R.T., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Monfort Aims New Weapons At Contamination" Meat Processing 48 44–46,

Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Myths and facts about beef production using anabolic steroids as growth promotants" U.S. Meat Export Federation Staff Meeting 1–5

Duffy, E.A., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Bellinger, G.R., Pape, A., (1999) "National pork retail microbiological baseline" Final Report to the National Pork Producers Council 1–25

Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (1999) "New approaches for improving tenderness, quality and consistency of beef" 1999 Western Section, American Society of Animal Science Symposium, “Consumer-Driven, Science-Based Beef Production Systems” 1–32

Belk, Keith, (1999) "Pork consumer preference study—South Korea" Final Report to the U. S. Meat Export Federation 1–62

Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Processes to reduce contamination with pathogenic microorganisms in meat" Proc. Intl. Cong. Meat Sci. Tech

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Grandin, Temple, Smith, G.C., (1999) "Reducing The Incidence of Dark Cutting Beef" California Cattlemen’s Association

Grona, A.D., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Retail caselife and bacterial growth on the surface of ground beef in PVC film overwrap, in a modified atmosphere package or in a master package" CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci., Colorado State University 171–176

Duffy, E.A., LeValley, S.B., Kain, M.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., Kimberling, C.V., (1999) "Sheep pathogen reduction interventions and animal production food safety practices" Final Report to USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service and the American Sheep Industry Association, Inc 1–50

Ware, L.M., Kain, M.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Sponging and excising as sampling procedures for fresh beef carcass tissue" 1999 CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci 189–194

Belk, K.E., (1999) "Techniques to identify palatable beef carcasses: HunterLab BeefCam" Proc. Range Beef Cow Symposium XVI

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1999) "Use of various soaker-pads in retail packaging of beef steaks" CSU Beef Program Report. Dept. Anim. Sci 195–200

Ware, L M, Kain, M L, Sofos, John N, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Comparison of sponging and excising as sampling procedures for microbiological analysis of fresh beef-carcass tissue. Journal of food protection 62 11 1255-9

Cannell, R C, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Wise, J W, Clayton, R P, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Dual-component video image analysis system (VIASCAN) as a predictor of beef carcass red meat yield percentage and for augmenting application of USDA yield grades. Journal of animal science 77 11 2942-50

LA Villarin, Jr, , Belk, Keith, Freid, R, (1999) Emergency department evaluation and treatment of elbow and forearm injuries. Emergency medicine clinics of North America 17 4 843-58, vi

Zerby, H N, Belk, Keith, Sofos, John N, McDowell, L R, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Case life of seven retail products from beef cattle supplemented with alpha-tocopheryl acetate. Journal of animal science 77 9 2458-63

Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, George, M H, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Identification of quality management practices to reduce the incidence of retail beef tenderness problems: development and evaluation of a prototype quality system to produce tender beef. Journal of animal science 77 8 2112-8

George, M H, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Belk, Keith, Smith, Gary C, (1999) An audit of retail beef loin steak tenderness conducted in eight U.S. cities. Journal of animal science 77 7 1735-41

Zerby, H N, Belk, Keith, Ahola, Jason Kee, Sofos, John N, Schaefer, D M, Morgan, Jeri, Smith, Gary C, (1999) Effects of muscle α-tocopherol level and surface microbiological contamination on retail caselife of fresh beef from the US, Japan and Australia. Meat science 52 1 111-8

Ware, L.M., Kain, M., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "A comparative evaluation of sponging and excising as sampling procedures for microbiological analysis of beef carcass tissue" IAMFES Annual Meeting, Program and Abstract Book 88

Scanga, J.A., Bellinger, G.R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "A microbiological profile of domestic and imported beef raw materials destined for use in ground beef production" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–41

Zerby, H.N., Delmore, R.J., Murphree, R., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., Bellinger, G.L., Pape, A., Hardin, M., Lloyd, Wesley J, Smith, G.C., (1998) "A microbiological profile of pork variety meats and intervention strategies for reducting microbiological contamination on pork variety meats" Final Report to the U.S. Meat Export Federation and the National Pork Producer’s Council 1–113

(1998) An evaluation of current and alternative systems for quality grading carcasses of mature slaughter cows J Anim Sci 76 2094-2103

Cannell, R.C., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "An evaluation of the dual-component video-image analysis system (VIASCAN) as a predictor of beef carcass red meat yield percentage for augmenting application of USDA quality and yield grades, and as an on-line testing device for use in sorting beef carcasses according to tenderness and palatability" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–48

Wyle, A.M., Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Goldberg, M., Riffle, R., Smith, G.C., (1998) "An evaluation of the portable HunterLab video imaging system (BeefCam) as a tool to predict tenderness of beef carcasses using objective measures of lean and fat color" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and Beefmaster Breeders United 1–31

Delmore, R.J., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) Bacterial counts and incidence of Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 detected on U.S. beef variety meats J. Anim. Sci 76 Suppl. 1

Smith, G.C., Cannell, R.C., Kain, M.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., (1998) "Beef quality assurance audits: assays for presence of antibiotics in injection-site lesions from muscles in top sirloin butts and in rounds" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–13

Smith, G.C., Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., (1998) "Beef quality assurance audits: incidence of injection-site damage in top sirloin butts and in muscles of the round" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–11

Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Beef quality systems: application of TQM principles to produce tender beef" Proc. Rec. Meat Conf 51 28–34

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., McDowell, L.R., Williams, S.N., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Caselife of seven retail beef products from the carcasses of beef cattle supplemented with alpha-tocopheryl acetate" 1998 CSU Beef Program Report 9–15

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Tatum, J.D., (1998) "Colorado beef quality assurance" Final Report to Colorado Livestock Association, Colorado Department of Agriculture and Colorado Beef council 1–115

Martinez, M.J., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Comparison of commercially available brand names of beef strip loin steaks" Final Report to Monfort/ConAgra, Inc

Kain, M.L., Kochevar, S.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Rossiter, C., Reagan, J.O., Smith, G.C., (1998) Condition and cleanliness of live animals in relation to microbiological counts on cow carcasses J. Anim. Sci 76 Suppl. 1

(1998) Determination of sensory, chemical and cooking characteristics of retail beef cuts differing in intramuscular and external fat Meat Sci 50 55-72

Doherty, R.L., Field, T.G., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Developing benchmarks to familiarize cattle producers with the benefits and risks associated with grid pricing" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–27

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Tatum, J.D., Williams, S.N., (1998) "Economic Implications of improved stability in beef" Proc. Dietary Strategies For Improving Muscle-Based Food Products 1–28

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Effects of different types of retail packaging soaker-pads on retail beef weight loss and color" Final Report to Paper-Pak Products, Inc 1–12

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., McDowell, L.R., Williams, S.N., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Effects of initial microbiological contamination level on appearance and retail caselife of fresh beef steaks derived from cattle fed diets with different levels of vitamin E" CSU Beef Program Report 1–8

Mies, P.D., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Effects of postmortem aging on beef tenderness and aging guidelines to maximize tenderness of different beef subprimal cuts" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–28

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., McDowell, L.R., Williams, S.N., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Effects of vitamin E and initial microbiological counts on beef caselife" Proc. Intl. Cong. Meat Sci. Tech. (Barcelona, Spain)

Westcott, E.A., Stubbs, R.L., Morgan, J.B., Schaefer, D.M., Belk, K.E., Dolezal, H.G., Smith, G.C., (1998) Effects of vitamin E supplementation of feedlot steers on quality gains in retail store conditions J. Anim. Sci 76 Suppl. 2

(1998) Factors contributing to the incidence of dark cutting beef J Anim Sci 76 2040-2047

Roeber, D.L., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Impact of feedlot growth promotant implant strategies on carcass grade characteristics and subsequent cooked beef palatability traits, when applied to small/medium framed 3-way British crossbred steers" Interim Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–8

Ware, L.M., Kain, M.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) Influence of sampling procedure and stage of sampling on the microbiological status of fresh beef J. Anim. Sci 76 Suppl. 1

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., (1998) "International perspective on food safety" Proc. NPPC Pork Quality and Safety Summit (Des Moines, IA 11–27

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., (1998) "International pork quality audit: impact on the pork industry now and in the future" Proc. PIC Intl. Seminar (Des Moines, IA 1–48

Zerby, H.N., Delmore, R.J., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Intervention strategies for pork variety meats" Proc. NPPC Pork Quality and Safety Summit (Des Moines, IA 221–235

Smith, G.C., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., (1998) "Interventions from the farm or feedlot to the food store: minimizing microbiological food safety risks" Proc. Alltech’s 14th Ann. Symp 323–350

Kain, M.L., Kochevar, S.L., Sofos, J.N., Rossiter, C., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Live animal characteristics and carcass contamination in cull dairy cows" 1998 CSU Beef Program Report 37–41

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Grandin, Temple, Smith, G.C., (1998) "Managing dark cutters in the feedlot" 1998 CSU Beef Program Report 25–35

Sofos, J.N., Kain, M.L., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Buege, D.R., Henning, W.P., Morgan, J.B., Ringkob, T.P., Bellinger, G.R., (1998) "Microbial mapping II. Determining microbiological counts on beef carcasses, wholesale cuts and retail cuts, to assist those in the fabrication, distribution and retailing sectors to deliver safe beef to retail customer" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’’ Beef Association 1–29

Sofos, J.N., Kain, M.L., Kochevar, S.L., Belk, K.E., Cannell, R.C., Smith, G.C., Buege, D.R., Ingham, S.C., Hancock, D.D., Morgan, J.B., Bellinger, G.R., Reagan, J.O., (1998) "Microbial mapping of beef carcasses during slaughter—Phase I" CSU Beef Program Report 17–23

Belk, K.E., Zerby, H.N., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Microbiological profile of pork variety meats" Proc. NPPC Pork Quality and Safety Summit (Des Moines, IA 87–100

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Microbiological sampling of hog carcasses" Final Report to the National Pork Producers Council 1–51

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Microbiological sampling of hog carcasses" Proc. NPPC Pork Quality and Safety Summit (Des Moines, IA 77–86

Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Minimizing microbiological food safety risks: potential for preslaughter (preharvest) interventions" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–88

Kain, M.L., Ware, L.M., Zerby, H.N., Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Pilot study for the national study, microbial mapping II" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association 1–38

Sofos, J.N., Cabedo, L., Zerby, H., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Potential interactions between antioxidants and microbial meat quality" Proc. Dietary Strategies For Improving Muscle-Based Food Products 1–62

Delmore, R.J., Sofos, J.N., Schmidt, G.R., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) Reduction in microbiological counts of beef variety meats exposed to various decontamination treatments IAMFES Annual Meeting, Program and Abstract Book. JFPRDR 61 Suppl. A

Kain, M.L., Sofos, J.N., Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Hardin, M.D., Smith, G.C., (1998) Shipping, storage and sampling-sponge effects on bacterial numbers detected from pork carcass skin and fat surfaces IAMFES Annual Meeting, Program and Abstract Book. JFPRDR 61 Suppl. A 89

(1998) Simulated instrument augmentation of USDA yield grade application to beef carcasses J Anim Sci 76 522-527

Smith, G.C., Williams, S.N., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., (1998) "Supplementation of cattle diets with vitamin D3 to improve beef tenderness or with vitamin E to improve beef color and caselife" Proc. Meat Ind. Res. Conf 1–15

Smith, J.D.Tatum, Belk, K.E., (1998) "The palatability analysis critical control points (PACCP) approach in the United States" Proc. Intl. Livestock Congress 1–8

Kain, M.L., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) Time and temperature effects on bacterial numbers detected on sponges used to sample beef carcass tissue Proc. Inst. of Food Tech Annual Meeting, Technical Program. Abstract 9-16 15

Grona, A.D., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1998) "Validation of frame size and muscle thickness standards for feeder cattle" Final Report to the Agricultural Marketing Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture

Luchak, G L, Miller, R K, Belk, Keith, Hale, D S, Michaelsen, S A, Johnson, D D, West, R L, Leak, F W, Cross, H R, Savell, J W, (1998) Determination of sensory, chemical and cooking characteristics of retail beef cuts differing in intramuscular and external fat. Meat science 50 1 55-72

Hilton, G G, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Williams, S E, Belk, Keith, Williams, F L, Wise, J W, Smith, Gary C, (1998) An evaluation of current and alternative systems for quality grading carcasses of mature slaughter cows. Journal of animal science 76 8 2094-103

Scanga, J A, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Grandin, Temple, Smith, Gary C, (1998) Factors contributing to the incidence of dark cutting beef. Journal of animal science 76 8 2040-7

Belk, Keith, Scanga, J A, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Wise, J W, Smith, Gary C, (1998) Simulated instrument augmentation of USDA yield grade application to beef carcasses. Journal of animal science 76 2 522-7

Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Bunting, C.D., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1997) "Ability of the HunterLab Color Vision System to augment grading accuracy and to predict tenderness of beef" Proc. 50th Annual Recip. Meat Conf.

Cannell, R.C., Belk, K.E., Bunting, C.D., Zerby, H.N., Scanga, J.A., George, M.H., Wise, J.W., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1997) "An evaluation of HunterLab Color Vision System (a VIA system) for use in improving grading accuracy and for augmenting application of USDA quality and yield grades and for use in predicting palatability and tenderness attributes of beef" Revised Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

Tatum, J.D., George, M.H., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1997) "An overview of a TQM approach for improving beef tenderness" National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

Belk, K.E., (1997) "Beef quality, consistency and safety: customer appreciation" Proc. Tri-State Cow/Calf Symposium 1–8

Smith, G.C., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., (1997) "Beef quality—past, present, future" Proc. Range Beef Cow Symposium, December 9-11

Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1997) Branded beef—where, when, what and why Pharmacia & Upjohn Cattle Feeders Seminar vember 1

Tatum, J.D., George, M.H., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1997) "Development of a palatability assurance “critical control points” (PACCP) model to reduce the incidence of beef palatability problems" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

Martinez, M.J., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1997) "Effects of age at castration, maturity, implant strategy and aging on the tenderness of longissimus muscle steaks derived from steers, late castrates and intact bulls" Final Report to Horton Feedlots, Inc

Smith, G.C., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., (1997) Effects of supplemental dietary vitamin E on meat and poultry quality Arkansas Nutrition Conference, September 9

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Smith, G.C., (1997) "Effects of vitamin E supplementation and high versus low initial microbial loads on retail display life of beef muscle" Proc. Intl. Assoc. Milk Food & Env. Sanitarians 84th Annual Meeting 6–9

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Grandin, Temple, Smith, G.C., (1997) "Factors contributing to the incidence of the dark cutting condition in beef carcasses and management strategies to prevent reductions in value due to the occurrence of dark cutters" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Beef Quality Assurance Task Force

Scanga, J.A., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., Grandin, Temple, (1997) "Factors contributing to the incidence of the dark cutting condition in beef carcasses, and management strategies to prevent reductions in value due to the occurrence of dark cutters" Proc. 50th Annual Recip. Meat Conf.

George, M.H., Ames, R.A., Glock, R.G., Smith, M.T., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1997) "Incidence, severity, amount of tissue affected and effect on histology, chemistry and tenderness of injection-site lesions in beef cuts from calves administered a control compound or one of seven chemical compounds" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

George, M.H., Ames, R.A., Glock, R.G., Cowman, G.L., Smith, M.T., Tatum, J.D., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1997) Injection-sites: do they affect tenderness? Academy of Veterinary Consultants August 3

Zerby, H.N., Sofos, J.N., Belk, K.E., Kain, M.L., Hardin, M.D., Bellinger, G.R., Smith, G.C., (1997) "Microbiological sampling of hog carcasses" Progress report to the National Pork Producers Council

Tatum, J.D., George, M.H., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Belk, S.D., E., K., Scanga, J.A., (1997) "Overview of a TQM approach for improving beef tenderness" Proc. Range Beef Cow Symposium, December 9-11 61–70

(1997) Performance, carcass, and palatability traits for cull cows fed high-energy concentrate diets for 0, 14, 28, 42, or 56 days J Anim Sci 75 1195-1202

Zerby, H.N., Ahola, J.K., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Tatum, J.K., Morgan, J.B., Schaefer, D.M., Neel, S.W., Radakovich, W., Reagan, J.O., Buyck, M.J., (1997) "Project Summary: International Vitamin E Strategic Alliance—Tokyo, Japan" MO. National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

Grona, A.D., Belk, K.E., Sofos, J.N., Kain, M.L., Smith, G.C., (1997) "Retail caselife and bacterial growth on the surface of ground beef in modified atmosphere packaging, in PVC film overwrap or in a Master-Pak (PVC film overwrap within a secondary modified atmosphere package" Final Report to King Soopers, Inc

Westcott, E.A., Stubbs, R.L., Morgan, J.B., Schaefer, D.M., Belk, K.E., Dolezal, H.G., Smith, G.C., (1997) "The effects of vitamin E on retail meat caselife; a commercial setting" International Congress on Meat Science and Technology

Morris, C.A., Wise, J.W., Belk, K.E., Jones, R.R., Smith, G.C., Abraham, H.C., (1997) "The USDA beef quality grading system B-maturity grade change" Proc. Intl. Cong. Meat Sci. Tech

Belk, K.E., Lorenzen, C.L., Savell, J.W., Davis, S.K., Taylor, J.F., Smith, S.B., Lunt, D.K., (1997) Tissue specific pentose-phosphate oxidative activity in Angus and Wagyu steers after extensive feeding J. Musc. Foods 8 147–156

Belk, K.E., Cannell, R.C., Tatum, J.D., Smith, G.C., (1997) "Video imaging systems for composition and quality" Proc. Meat Ind. Res. Conf IL

Schnell, T D, Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Miller, R K, Smith, Gary C, (1997) Performance, carcass, and palatability traits for cull cows fed high-energy concentrate diets for 0, 14, 28, 42, or 56 days. Journal of animal science 75 5 1195-202

Belk, K.E., (1996) "1995 Beef quality audit shows slight progress" Cattle Guard Magazine 8

Belk, K.E., George, M.H., Zerby, H.N., Scanga, J.A., Tatum, J.D., Wise, J.W., Smith, G.C., (1996) "An evaluation of HunterLab color vision system (a via system) for use in improving grading accuracy and for augmenting application of USDA quality and yield grades, and of the tendertec probe as an on-line testing device for use in sorting beef carcasses according to tenderness for use in development of a palatability assurance critical control points (PACCP) model to reduce the incidence of beef palatability problems" Final Report to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

Belk, K.E., (1996) "Beef quality, consistency and safety: customer appreciation" Proc. Minnesota Cattle Feeder Days, Report B-436 1–8

Belk, K.E., Cross, H.R., Duewer, L.A., Garrett, R.P., Nelson, K.E., (1996) "Beef, Pork, and Lamb. Chapter 14. CAST report on beef, pork and lamb quality." Task Force on Food Quality, Dr. Lowell Hill, Univ. of Illinois

Belk, K.E., (1996) "Factors related to USDA beef grading issues" Cattle Guard Magazine 8

Belk, K.E., (1996) "Factors related to USDA beef grading issues" Sage Signals, Voice of the Nevada Livestock Industry 5

Belk, K.E., (1996) "Global Strategies of beef marketing" Proc. 8th World Brahman Congress 403–428

Sofos, J.N., Kochevar, S.L., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., (1996) "Identification and implementation of critical control points (CCPs) and detection and control of external pathogens, through microbial mapping—phase I. Final report to the" National Cattlemen’s Beef Association. Department of Animal Sciences, Center For Red Meat Safety

Zerby, H.N., Ahola, J.K., Belk, K.E., Smith, G.C., Tatum, J.D., Morgan, J.B., Schaefer, D.M., Neel, S.W., Radakovich, W., Reagan, J.O., Buyck, J.J., (1996) "International segment—domestic and international vitamin E shelf life strategic alliance" U. S. Meat export federation. Department of Animal Sciences, Meat Science Program

Zerby, H.N., Belk, K.E., (1996) "Meat Minutes: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE" Meat Science Group, Department of Animal Science, Colorado State University

Belk, K.E., (1996) "On-Line Evaluation of Meat by H. J. Swatland. Lebensmittel—Wissenschaft &—Technologie" Academic Press 29 7 684

Hilton, G.G., Tatum, J.D., Williams, S.E., Belk, K.E., Wise, J.W., Williams, F.L., Smith, G.C., (1996) "Palatability attributes of longissimus steaks from female bovine carcasses differing in maturity and marbling score" Proc. 49th Annual Recip. Meat Conf. 201

Belk, Keith, (1996) "Proceedings of the 8th World Brahman Congress (El Ganado Brahman en el Umbral del Siglo XXI" Ediciones Astro Data S.A

Schnell, T.D., Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Miller, R.K., Smith, G.C., (1996) "Relationship of feeding a high-concentrate diet to cull cows for up to 56 days on performance, carcass traits and beef palatability" Proc. 49th Annual Recip. Meat Conf 196

Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Dolezal, H.G., Morgan, J.B., Smith, G.C., (1996) Status of applied research on instrument assessment of composition since completion of the 1994 National Beef Instrument Assessment Planning Symposium. Proc. Recip. Meat Conf 49 172–174

Sherbeck, J.A., Fitzgerald, S.K., Kukay, C.C., Morgan, J.B., Belk, K.E., Neel, S.W., Smith, G.C., (1996) "The International Beef Quality Audit: a foreign market audit of U.S" Beef. Meat Focus International 6 1 29–35

Morgan, J.B., Smith, G.C., Sherbeck, J.A., Fitzgerald, S.K., Kukay, C.C., Neel, S.W., Belk, K.E., (1995) "A foreign market audit of U.S. beef. The final report of the international beef quality audit--1994" Prepared for the U. S. Meat Export Federation and the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service

(1994) OBJECTIVE MEASUREMENTS OF CARCASS AND MEAT QUALITY Meat Sci 36 191-202

Nurmahmudi, K.E.Belk, Miller, R.K., (1994) Thiobarbituric acid values of fresh beef roasts cooked with various foodservice oven methods J. Muscle Foods 5 1–14

Belk, Keith, (1994) "Draft Standard for Bovine Carcasses and Cuts. Prepared for: The Working Party on Standardization of Perishable Produce and Quality Development. Meeting of Experts on Standardization of Meat (Porcine, Bovine, and Poultry). " United Nations/Economic and Social Council, Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Agriculture 3

Cross, H R, Belk, Keith, (1994) Objective measurements of carcass and meat quality. Meat science 36 1-2 191-202

Belk, K.E., (1993) "USDA Technical Data Supplement (S-1) for the Pork Export Enhancement Program (EEP) to Countries of the Former Soviet Union." Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Maketing Service

Belk, Keith, Miller, R.K., Evans, L.L., Liu, S.P., Acuff, G.R., (1993) Flavor attributes and microbial levels of fresh beef roasts cooked with varying foodservice methodology J. Muscle Foods 4 321–337

(1993) NATIONAL BEEF QUALITY AUDIT - SURVEY OF PRODUCER-RELATED DEFECTS AND CARCASS QUALITY AND QUANTITY ATTRIBUTES J Anim Sci 71 1495-1502

Belk, K.E., Luchak, G.L., Miller, R.K., (1993) Palatability of beef roasts prepared with different foodservice cooking methods J. Muscle Foods 4 141–159

Belk, K.E., Luchak, G.L., Miller, R.K., (1993) Physical characteristics of beef roasts prepared with different foodservice cooking methods J. Muscle Foods 4 119–139

Fitzgerald, S.K., Belk, K.E., Wise, J.W., (1993) Special Report: Agricultural Marketing Service International Activities US Meat Export Analysis and Trade News, Meat Export Research Center, Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station 1 5 10

(1993) TISSUE-SPECIFIC ACTIVITY OF PENTOSE CYCLE OXIDATIVE-ENZYMES DURING FEEDER LAMB DEVELOPMENT J Anim Sci 71 1796-1804

Belk, Keith, Savell, J W, Davis, Sandra K, Taylor, J F, Womack, J E, Smith, S B, (1993) Tissue-specific activity of pentose cycle oxidative enzymes during feeder lamb development. Journal of animal science 71 7 1796-804

Lorenzen, C L, Hale, D S, Griffin, D B, Savell, J W, Belk, Keith, Frederick, T L, Miller, M F, Montgomery, Tai, Smith, Gary C, (1993) National Beef Quality Audit: survey of producer-related defects and carcass quality and quantity attributes. Journal of animal science 71 6 1495-502

Luchak, G.L., Miller, R.K., Belk, K.E., Hale, D.S., Cross, H.R., (1992) "Cooking characteristics of USDA Choice versus Select retail beef cuts" IFT Annual Convention

(1992) DEVELOPMENT OF A MULTIVARIATE YIELD GRADE EQUATION TO PREDICT COMPOSITIONAL TRAITS IN MATURE COW CARCASSES J Anim Sci 70 2159-2166

(1992) DEVELOPMENT OF A QUANTITATIVE QUALITY GRADING SYSTEM FOR MATURE COW CARCASSES J Anim Sci 70 1840-1847

Garrett, R.P., Belk, K.E., Savell, J.W., Edwards, J.W., Cross, H.R., (1992) "Development of lamb classification and production systems to facilitate marketing based on carcass cutability. A final report" prepared for the American Sheep Industry Association as part of a collaborative project

Belk, K.E., Savell, J.W., (1992) "Low quality grades—Effects of implants on maturity, marbling and incidence of dark-cutting beef" NBQA Workshop

Cross, H.R., Belk, K.E., (1992) "Objective measurements of carcass and meat quality" Proc. 38th Annual Mtg. Int. Congress Meat Sci. Tech.

Belk, K.E., Savell, J.W., Smith, S.B., Taylor, J.J., Davis, S.K., Womack, J.E., (1992) "Tissue specific activity of Pentose-phosphate oxidative enzymes during feeder lamb development" Proc. 45th Annual Recip. Meat Conf. 201

Hodgson, R R, Belk, Keith, Savell, J W, Cross, H R, Williams, F L, (1992) Development of a multivariate yield grade equation to predict compositional traits in mature cow carcasses. Journal of animal science 70 7 2159-66

Hodgson, R R, Belk, Keith, Savell, J W, Cross, H R, Williams, F L, (1992) Development of a quantitative quality grading system for mature cow carcasses. Journal of animal science 70 6 1840-7

Belk, K.E., Miller, R.K., Acuff, G.R., Rockwell, L.C., (1991) "Beef cookery guidelines for foodservice" National Live Stock and Meat Board

Belk, K.E., Miller, R.K., Liu, S.P., Evans, L.L., Acuff, G.R., Keeton, J.T., (1991) "Beef cookery guidelines for foodservice: A final report" Prepared for the National Live Stock and Meat Board by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station

(1991) DEPOSITION AND DISTRIBUTION OF CARCASS FAT FOR STEERS DIFFERING IN FRAME SIZE AND MUSCLE THICKNESS J Anim Sci 69 609-616

Belk, K.E., Hodgson, R.R., Savell, J.W., (1991) Development of a new, quantitative quality grading system for mature cow carcasses J. Anim. Sci. (Abstr 69 Suppl. 1

Evans, L.L., Pagach, D.A., Belk, K.E., Miller, R.K., (1991) "Sodium lactate treated roast beef to prolong storage and enhance palatability" IFT Annual Meeting

Belk, Keith, Tatum, Joseph Daryl, Williams, Jr, F L, (1991) Deposition and distribution of carcass fat for steers differing in frame size and muscle thickness. Journal of animal science 69 2 609-16

Belk, K.E., Huerta-Leidenz, N.O., Cross, H.R., (1990) "Factors involved in the deforestation of tropical forests. Prepared for the National Cattlemen’s Association by the Meats and Muscle Biology Section" Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University

Belk, K.E., Cross, H.R., Huerta, N.O., (1990) Land use - Deforestation National Cattlemen’s Association and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Texas A&M University 4 1

Collins, S.S., Belk, K.E., Cross, H.R., Smith, G.C., (1990) "The EEC ban against growth promoting hormones: A scientific review. Prepared for the Meat Export Federation by the Meats and Muscle Biology Section" Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University

Belk, K.E., Huerta-Leidenz, N.O., Cross, H.R., (1990) Tropical rainforest conversion: Global impact and implications for the U S. beef industry. J. Anim. Sci. (Abstr 69 Suppl. 1

Jones, D.K., Savell, J.W., Cross, H.R., Belk, K.E., (1989) "Effects of sex-class, USDA yield grade and USDA quality grade on the intermuscular fat trim from four beef primal cuts" J. Anim. Sci. (Abstr 67 Suppl. 1

Belk, K.E., Cross, H.R., Nash, D., (1989) Effects of trenbolone acetate, estrogens on steers explored Feedstuffs 61 50 15

(1989) THE EEC BAN AGAINST GROWTH-PROMOTING HORMONES Nutr Rev 47 238-246

Belk, K.E., Cross, H.R., (1988) "Effects of anabolic growth promotants on beef carcass merit. Prepared for Hoechst-Roussel Agri-Vet, Inc. by the Meats and Muscle Biology Section" Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University

Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Williams, F.L., (1986) "Effects of feeder cattle frame size and muscle thickness on fat distribution in the beef carcass" CSU Beef Program Report

Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., Williams, F.L., (1985) "Effects of feeder cattle frame size and muscle thickness on the relative growth patterns of fat in the wholesale cuts" Proc. West. Sec. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci 36 192

Belk, K.E., Tatum, J.D., (1984) "Tips for bulk meat buying" Service in Action Bulletin

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